List of United States Representatives expelled, censured, or reprimanded
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The United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 5) gives the House of Representatives the power to expel any member by a two-thirds vote. Expulsion of a Representative is rare: only five members of the House have been expelled in its history, all of whom were members of the Democratic Party. Three of those five were expelled in 1861 for joining the Confederate States of America.
However, the House has other, less severe measures with which to discipline members. Censure and reprimand are procedures in which the House may vote to express formal disapproval of a member's conduct. Only a simple majority vote is required. Members who are censured must stand in the well of the House chamber to receive a reading of the censure resolution. A reprimand was once considered synonymous with censure, but in 1976 the House defined a reprimand as a less severe punishment. Members who are reprimanded are not required to stand in the well of the house and have the resolution read to them.
|1861||Clark, John B.John B. Clark||Democratic||Missouri||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States.|
|1861||Reid, John W.John W. Reid||Democratic||Missouri||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States.|
|1861||Burnett, Henry C.Henry C. Burnett||Democratic||Kentucky||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States.|
|1980||Myers, Michael J.Michael J. Myers||Democratic||Pennsylvania||Convicted of bribery in the Abscam scandal.|
|2002||Traficant, JamesJames Traficant||Democratic||Ohio||Convicted on ten counts that included bribery, obstruction of justice, and racketeering.|
|1832||Stanbery, WilliamWilliam Stanbery||National Republican||Ohio||Insulting the Speaker of the House|
|1842||Giddings, JoshuaJoshua Giddings||Whig Party||Ohio||Introduced anti-slavery resolution deemed to be "incendiary".|
|1856||Keitt, Laurence M.Laurence M. Keitt||Democratic||South Carolina||Assisted in the assault on Sen. Charles Sumner|
|1864||Harris, Benjamin G.Benjamin G. Harris||Democratic||Maryland||Made statements supporting the Confederacy.|
|1864||Long, AlexanderAlexander Long||Democratic||Ohio||Supported recognition of the Confederacy|
|1866||Chanler, John W.John W. Chanler||Democratic||New York||Insulted the House with resolution containing unparliamentary language|
|1866||Rousseau, LovellLovell Rousseau||Unconditional Unionist||Kentucky||Assault of Rep. Josiah Grinnell|
|1867||Hunter, John W.John W. Hunter||Democratic||New York||Unparliamentary language|
|1868||Wood, FernandoFernando Wood||Democratic||New York||Unparliamentary language|
|1869||Holbrook, Edward D.Edward D. Holbrook||Democratic||Idaho Territory||Unparliamentary language|
|1870||Whittemore, BenjaminBenjamin Whittemore||Republican||South Carolina||Selling military academy appointments|
|1870||Deweese, John T.John T. Deweese||Republican||North Carolina||Selling military academy appointments|
|1870||Butler, RoderickRoderick Butler||Republican||Tennessee||Selling military academy appointments|
|1873||Ames, OakesOakes Ames||Republican||Massachusetts||Prior involvement in Crédit Mobilier of America scandal|
|1873||Brooks, JamesJames Brooks||Democratic||New York||Prior involvement in Crédit Mobilier of America scandal|
|1875||Brown, John Y.John Y. Brown||Democratic||Kentucky||Unparliamentary language|
|1890||Bynum, William D.William D. Bynum||Democratic||Indiana||Unparliamentary language|
|1921||Blanton, Thomas L.Thomas L. Blanton||Democratic||Texas||Unparliamentary language|
|1979||Diggs, CharlesCharles Diggs||Democratic||Michigan||Payroll fraud, mail fraud|
|1980||Wilson, Charles H.Charles H. Wilson||Democratic||California||Improper use of campaign funds|
|1983||Crane, Daniel B.Daniel B. Crane||Republican||Illinois||Sexual misconduct with House page|
|1983||Studds, GerryGerry Studds||Democratic||Massachusetts||Sexual misconduct with House page|
|2010||Rangel, Charles B.Charles B. Rangel||Democratic||New York||Improper solicitation of funds, inaccurate financial disclosure statements, failure to pay taxes.|
|1976||Sikes, Robert L. F.Robert L. F. Sikes||Democratic||Florida||Use of office for personal gain|
|1978||Wilson, Charles H.Charles H. Wilson||Democratic||California||Making false statements to House committee|
|1978||McFall, John J.John J. McFall||Democratic||California||Failure to report campaign contributions|
|1978||Roybal, EdwardEdward Roybal||Democratic||California||Making false statements to House committee, failure to report campaign contributions|
|1984||Hansen, George V.George V. Hansen||Republican||Idaho||False statements on financial disclosure form|
|1987||Murphy, Austin J.Austin J. Murphy||Democratic||Pennsylvania||Allowed another person to cast his vote; misusing House funds|
|1990||Frank, BarneyBarney Frank||Democratic||Massachusetts||Use of office to fix parking tickets on friend's behalf|
|1997||Gingrich, NewtNewt Gingrich||Republican||Georgia||Use of tax-exempt organization for political purposes; provided false information to House Ethics Committee|
|2009||Wilson, JoeJoe Wilson||Republican||South Carolina||Outburst towards President Barack Obama during a speech to a joint session of Congress|
|2012||Richardson, LauraLaura Richardson||Democratic||California||Use of Congressional office staff in 2010 House election campaign|
|1899||Brigham Henry Roberts||Democratic||Utah||Denied seat for his practice of polygamy|
|1967||Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.||Democratic||New York||Mismanaging his committee's budget in previous Congress, excessive absenteeism, misuse of public funds|
- Censure in the United States
- List of federal political scandals in the United States
- List of federal political sex scandals in the United States
- List of American federal politicians convicted of crimes
- List of United States senators expelled or censured
State and local politics:
- U.S. Constitution Online, Article 1
- CRS Report For Congress Archived 2010-07-07 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archives". CNN.com. April 11, 2002. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
- "CNN, Politics, retrieved 14 September 2009". Cnn.com. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- "Carter: Obama a target for racism". English.aljazeera.net. 2009-09-16. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
- "1967 Year In Review, UPI.com"