List of United States Senators from Texas

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Current delegation
Cruz
Senator Ted Cruz
(R)
Cornyn
Senator John Cornyn
(R)
since January 3, 2013

Texas was admitted to the United States on December 29, 1845. Its senators are of Class 1 and Class 2. Its senators are Republicans Ted Cruz and Assistant Republican Leader of the United States Senate John Cornyn. A total of 27 Democrats, 7 Republicans, and 1 Liberal Republican have served or are serving as the senators of Texas.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

C
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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Vacant December 29, 1845 –
February 21, 1846
Texas did not elect its Senators until two months after statehood. 1 29th Congress 1 Texas did not elect its Senators until two months after statehood. December 29, 1845 –
February 21, 1846
Vacant
1 ThomasJeffersonRusk.jpg
Thomas Jefferson Rusk
Democratic February 21, 1846 –
July 29, 1857
Elected in 1846. Elected in 1846. February 21, 1846 –
March 4, 1859
Democratic SHouston 2.jpg
Sam Houston
1
30th Congress 2 Re-elected in 1847.
31st Congress
Re-elected in 1851. 2 32nd Congress
33rd Congress 3 Re-elected in 1853.

Retired.
34th Congress
Re-elected in 1857.

Died.
3 35th Congress
Vacant July 29, 1857 –
November 9, 1857
 
2 James Pinckney Henderson-p.jpg
James Pinckney Henderson
Democratic November 9, 1857 –
June 4, 1858
Appointed to finish Rusk's term.
Died.
Vacant June 4, 1858 –
September 27, 1858
 
3 MattWard.jpg
Matthias Ward
Democratic September 27, 1858 –
December 5, 1859
Appointed to continue Rusk's term.

Lost nomination to finish Rusk's term.
36th Congress 4 Elected in 1859.

Expelled following Texas's secession from the Union.
March 4, 1859 –
July 11, 1861
Democratic John Hemphill.jpg
John Hemphill
2
4 Louis Trezevant Wigfall.jpg
Louis Wigfall
Democratic December 5, 1859 –
March 23, 1861
Elected to finish Rusk's term.

Withdrew.
37th Congress
Vacant March 23, 1861 –
March 30, 1870
U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction
U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction July 11, 1861 –
March 31, 1870
Vacant
4 38th Congress
39th Congress 5
40th Congress
5 41st Congress
5 James W. Flanagan - Brady-Handy.jpg
James W. Flanagan
Republican March 30, 1870 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish the vacant term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!].
Elected to finish the vacant term. March 31, 1870 –
March 4, 1877
Republican Morgan C. Hamilton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Morgan C. Hamilton
3
42nd Congress 6 Re-elected in 1871.

Retired.
43rd Congress Liberal Republican
6 Samuel B. Maxey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel B. Maxey
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1887
Elected in 1875. 6 44th Congress Republican
45th Congress 7 Elected in 1876. March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1895
Democratic Richard Coke - Brady-Handy.jpg
Richard Coke
4
46th Congress
Re-elected in 1881.

Lost re-election.
7 47th Congress
48th Congress 8 Re-elected in 1882.
49th Congress
7 JHRegan.jpg
John Henninger Reagan
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
June 10, 1891
Elected in 1887.

Resigned to become chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas.
8 50th Congress
51st Congress 9 Re-elected in 1888.

Retired.
52nd Congress
8 Horace Chilton.jpg
Horace Chilton
Democratic June 10, 1891 –
March 22, 1892
Appointed to continue Reagan's term.

Lost election to finish Reagan's term.
9 Roger Q. Mills - Brady-Handy.jpg
Roger Q. Mills
Democratic March 23, 1892 –
March 4, 1899
Elected to finish Reagan's term.
Re-elected in 1893.

Retired.
9 53rd Congress
54th Congress 10 Elected in 1894.

Retired.
March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1901
Democratic Horace Chilton.jpg
Horace Chilton
5
55th Congress
10 Charles Allen Culberson.jpg
Charles Allen Culberson
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 4, 1923
Elected in 1899. 10 56th Congress
57th Congress 11 Elected in 1901. March 4, 1901 –
January 3, 1913
Democratic Joseph Weldon Bailey.jpg
Joseph Weldon Bailey
6
58th Congress
Re-elected January 25, 1905.[1] 11 59th Congress
60th Congress 12 Re-elected in 1907.

Resigned.
61st Congress
Re-elected January 24, 1911. 12 62nd Congress
Appointed to continue Bailey's term.

Lost election to finish Bailey's term.

Retired.
January 4, 1913 –
January 29, 1913
Democratic RienziMJohnston.jpg
Rienzi Melville Johnston
7
  January 29, 1913 –
February 3, 1913
Vacant
Elected January 28, 1913 to finish Bailey's term. February 3, 1913 –
April 9, 1941
Democratic Sheppard morris.jpg
Morris Sheppard
8
63rd Congress 13 Elected January 28, 1913 to the full term.
64th Congress
Re-elected in 1916.

Lost re-election.
13 65th Congress
66th Congress 14 Re-elected in 1918.
67th Congress
11 Earlebmayfield.jpg
Earle B. Mayfield
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 4, 1929
Elected in 1922.

Lost renomination.
14 68th Congress
69th Congress 15 Re-elected in 1924.
70th Congress
12 TomconnallyTX.jpg
Tom Connally
Democratic March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1928. 15 71st Congress
72nd Congress 16 Re-elected in 1930.
73rd Congress
Re-elected in 1934. 16 74th Congress
75th Congress 17 Re-elected in 1936.

Died.
76th Congress
Re-elected in 1940. 17 77th Congress
  April 9, 1941 –
April 21, 1941
Vacant
Appointed to continue Sheppard's term.

Died.
April 21, 1941 –
June 26, 1941
Democratic Andrew Jackson Houston.jpg
Andrew Jackson Houston
9
  June 26, 1941 –
August 4, 1941
Vacant
Elected to finish Sheppard's term. August 4, 1941 –
January 3, 1949
Democratic Wilbert Lee O'Daniel.jpg
W. Lee O'Daniel
10
78th Congress 18 Re-elected in 1942.

Retired.
79th Congress
Re-elected in 1946.

Retired.
18 80th Congress
81st Congress 19 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1961
Democratic Senator Lyndon Johnson.jpg
Lyndon B. Johnson
11
82nd Congress
13 Price Daniel.jpg
Price Daniel
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 14, 1957
Elected in 1952.

Resigned.
19 83rd Congress
84th Congress 20 Re-elected in 1954.

Re-elected in 1960, but resigned at the end of the term to become U.S. Vice President.
85th Congress
14 SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg
William A. Blakley
Democratic January 15, 1957 –
April 28, 1957
Appointed to continue Daniel's term.

Retired when successor elected.
15 RalphYarborough.jpg
Ralph Yarborough
Democratic April 29, 1957 –
January 3, 1971
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Re-elected in 1958. 20 86th Congress
87th Congress 21 Appointed to begin Johnson's term.

Lost election to finish Johnson's term.
January 3, 1961 –
June 14, 1961
Democratic SenBlakley(T-TX).jpg
William A. Blakley
12
Elected to finish Johnson's term. June 15, 1961 –
January 3, 1985
Republican John Tower.jpg
John Tower
13
88th Congress
Re-elected in 1964.

Lost renomination.
21 89th Congress
90th Congress 22 Re-elected in 1966.
91st Congress
16 Lloyd Bentsen, bw photo as senator.jpg
Lloyd Bentsen
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 20, 1993
Elected in 1970. 22 92nd Congress
93rd Congress 23 Re-elected in 1972.
94th Congress
Re-elected in 1976. 23 95th Congress
96th Congress 24 Re-elected in 1978.

Retired.
97th Congress
Re-elected in 1982. 24 98th Congress
99th Congress 25 Elected in 1984. January 3, 1985 –
November 30, 2002
Republican PhilGramm.jpg
Phil Gramm
14
100th Congress
Re-elected in 1988.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
25 101st Congress
102nd Congress 26 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd Congress
Vacant January 20, 1993 –
January 23, 1993
 
17 Bob Krueger.jpg
Bob Krueger
Democratic January 23, 1993 –
June 14, 1993
Appointed to continue Bentsen's term.

Lost election to finish Bentsen's term.
18 Kay Bailey Hutchison, official photo 2.jpg
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Republican June 14, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish Bentsen's term.
Re-elected in 1994. 26 104th Congress
105th Congress 27 Re-elected in 1996.

Retired, and resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
106th Congress
Re-elected in 2000. 27 107th Congress
  November 30, 2002 –
December 2, 2002
Vacant
Appointed to finish Gramm's term, having been elected to the next term. December 2, 2002 –
Present
Republican John Cornyn official portrait, 2009 crop.jpg
John Cornyn
15
108th Congress 28 Elected in 2002.
109th Congress
Re-elected in 2006.

Retired.
28 110th Congress
111th Congress 29 Re-elected in 2008.
112th Congress
19 Ted Cruz, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Ted Cruz
Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012. 29 113th Congress
114th Congress 30 Re-elected in 2014.
115th Congress
To be determined in the 2018 election. 30 116th Congress
117th Congress 31 To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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  T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

List of living former Senators[edit]

As of October 2016, there are three former Senators who are living, two from Class 1 and one from Class 2. The most recent senator to die was Lloyd Bentsen of Class 1 (1971-1993) on May 23, 2006. The most recent Class 2 senator to die was John Tower (1961-1985) on April 5, 1991.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Phil Gramm 1985–2002 2 (1942-07-09) July 9, 1942 (age 75)
Bob Krueger 1993 1 (1935-09-19) September 19, 1935 (age 82)
Kay Bailey Hutchison 1993–2013 1 (1943-07-22) July 22, 1943 (age 74)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. New York: The Press Publishing Co. New York World. 1905. p. 108.