List of United States senators from West Virginia

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Current delegation

Below is a list of United States senators from West Virginia. The state's U.S. senators belong to Classes 1 and 2. West Virginia is currently represented in the Senate by Democrat Joe Manchin (serving since 2010) and Republican Shelley Moore Capito (serving since 2015), making it one of seven states to have a split United States Senate delegation. Robert Byrd was West Virginia's longest-serving senator (1959–2010) and the longest-serving senator in the United States.

List of senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
Vacant June 19, 1863 –
August 4, 1863
West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 19, 1863 and elected its first Senators on August 4, 1863. 1 38th 1 West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 19, 1863 and elected its first Senators on August 4, 1863. June 19, 1863 –
August 4, 1863
Vacant
1 Peter G. Van Winkle - Brady-Handy.jpg
Peter G. Van Winkle
Unconditional Unionist August 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
Elected in 1863. Elected in 1863. August 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Unconditional Unionist Waitman T. Willey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Waitman T. Willey
1
39th 2 Re-elected in 1865. March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
Republican
Republican 40th
2 Arthur I. Boreman - Brady-Handy.jpg
Arthur I. Boreman
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected during the 1868/69 cycle.

Retired.
2 41st
42nd 3 Elected in 1871. March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1883
Democratic Henry G. Davis - Brady-Handy.jpg
Henry G. Davis
2
43rd
3 Allen T. Caperton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Allen T. Caperton
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
July 26, 1876
Elected during the 1874/75 cycle.

Died.
3 44th
Vacant July 26, 1876 –
August 26, 1876
 
4 Samuel Price - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel Price
Democratic August 26, 1876 –
January 26, 1877
Appointed to continue Caperton's term.

Lost election to finish Caperton's term.
Vacant January 26, 1877 –
January 31, 1877
Seat remained vacant until Price's successor qualified.
5 Frank Hereford - Brady-Handy.jpg
Frank Hereford
Democratic January 31, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Elected January 26, 1877 to finish Caperton's term.
45th 4 Re-elected in 1877.

Retired.
46th
6 Johnson N. Camden.jpg
Johnson N. Camden
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
Elected during the 1880/81 cycle. 4 47th
48th 5 Elected in 1883. March 4, 1883 –
January 11, 1893
Democratic John E. Kenna - Brady-Handy.jpg
John E. Kenna
3
49th
7 Portrait of Charles James Faulkner.jpg
Charles J. Faulkner
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1887. 5 50th
51st 6 Re-elected in 1889.

Died.
52nd
  January 11, 1893 –
January 25, 1893
Vacant
Elected in 1893 to finish Kenna's term. January 25, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Democratic Johnson N. Camden.jpg
Johnson N. Camden
4
Re-elected in 1893.

Retired.
6 53rd
54th 7 Elected January 23, 1895.[1] March 4, 1895 –
January 4, 1911
Republican Stephen Benton Elkins Restore.jpg
Stephen B. Elkins
5
55th
8 NathanBScott.jpg
Nathan B. Scott
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected January 25, 1899.[2] 7 56th
57th 8 Re-elected in 1901.
58th
Re-elected in 1905.

Lost renomination.
8 59th
60th 9 Re-elected in 1907.

Died.
61st
  January 4, 1911 –
January 9, 1911
Vacant
Appointed to continue his father's term. January 9, 1911 –
January 31, 1911
Republican ELKINS, DAVIS LCCN2016857859 (cropped).jpg
Davis Elkins
6
Elected in 1911 to finish Stephen Elkins' term.

Lost re-election.
February 1, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic CWWfromLOC.jpg
Clarence W. Watson
7
9 WilliamEChilton.jpg
William E. Chilton
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1911.

Lost re-election.
9 62nd
63rd 10   March 4, 1913 –
April 1, 1913
Vacant
Elected February 21, 1913 but took office late.

Retired.
April 1, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Republican Nathan Goff, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Nathan Goff Jr.
8
64th
10 HowardSutherland.jpg
Howard Sutherland
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
Elected in 1916.

Lost re-election.
10 65th
66th 11 Elected in 1918.

Retired.
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
Republican ELKINS, DAVIS LCCN2016857859 (cropped).jpg
Davis Elkins
9
67th
11 Matthew M. Neely cph.3a45169.jpg
Matthew M. Neely
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
11 68th
69th 12 Elected in 1924.

Retired.
March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Republican Guy Despard Goff.jpg
Guy D. Goff
10
70th
12 Henry Hatfield.jpg
Henry D. Hatfield
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
12 71st
72nd 13 Elected in 1930. March 4, 1931 –
January 12, 1941
Democratic Matthewneely.jpg
Matthew M. Neely
11
73rd
Vacant January 3, 1935 –
June 19, 1935
Senator-elect was not yet qualified to serve. 13 74th
13 RushDHolt.jpg
Rush Holt Sr.
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1941
Elected in 1934.

Could not take seat until reaching age 30 on June 19, 1935.

Lost renomination.
75th 14 Re-elected in 1936.

Resigned.
76th
14 K000176.jpg
Harley M. Kilgore
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
February 28, 1956
Elected in 1940. 14 77th
Appointed to continue Neely's term.

Lost election to finish Neely's term.
January 13, 1941 –
November 17, 1942
Democratic JosephRosier.jpg
Joseph Rosier
12
Elected in 1942 to finish Neely's term.

Retired.
November 18, 1942 –
January 3, 1943
Republican HughIShott.jpg
Hugh I. Shott
13
78th 15 Elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Republican WilliamCRevercomb.jpg
Chapman Revercomb
14
79th
Re-elected in 1946. 15 80th
81st 16 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
January 8, 1958
Democratic Matthewneely.jpg
Matthew M. Neely
15
82nd
Re-elected in 1952.

Died.
16 83rd
84th 17 Re-elected in 1954.

Died.
Vacant February 28, 1956 –
March 13, 1956
 
15 WilliamRLaird.jpg
William Laird III
Democratic March 13, 1956 –
November 6, 1956
Appointed to continue Kilgore's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
16 WilliamCRevercomb.jpg
Chapman Revercomb
Republican November 7, 1956 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1956 to finish Kilgore's term.

Lost re-election.
85th
  January 8, 1958 –
January 25, 1958
Vacant
Appointed to continue Neely's term.

Lost election to finish Neely's term.
January 25, 1958 –
November 4, 1958
Republican JohnDHoblitzell.jpg
John D. Hoblitzell, Jr.
16
Elected in 1958 to finish Neely's term. November 5, 1958 –
January 3, 1985
Democratic Jennings Randolph headshot.jpg
Jennings Randolph
17
17 Robert Byrd official portrait.jpg
Robert Byrd
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
June 28, 2010
Elected in 1958. 17 86th
87th 18 Re-elected in 1960.
88th
Re-elected in 1964. 18 89th
90th 19 Re-elected in 1966.
91st
Re-elected in 1970. 19 92nd
93rd 20 Re-elected in 1972.
94th
Re-elected in 1976. 20 95th
96th 21 Re-elected in 1978.

Retired.
97th
Re-elected in 1982. 21 98th
99th 22   January 3, 1985 –
January 15, 1985
Vacant
Elected in 1984, but delayed his inauguration to finish his term as Governor of West Virginia. January 15, 1985 –
January 3, 2015
Democratic Jay Rockefeller official photo.jpg
Jay Rockefeller
18
100th
Re-elected in 1988. 22 101st
102nd 23 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd
Re-elected in 1994. 23 104th
105th 24 Re-elected in 1996.
106th
Re-elected in 2000. 24 107th
108th 25 Re-elected in 2002.
109th
Re-elected in 2006.

Died.
25 110th
111th 26 Re-elected in 2008.

Retired.
Vacant June 28, 2010 –
July 16, 2010
 
18 Carte Goodwin Official Photo.jpg
Carte Goodwin
Democratic July 16, 2010 –
November 15, 2010
Appointed to continue Byrd's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
19 Joe Manchin, Official Senate Portrait.jpg
Joe Manchin
Democratic November 15, 2010 –
Present
Elected in 2010 to finish Byrd's term.
112th
Re-elected in 2012. 26 113th
114th 27 Elected in 2014. January 3, 2015 –
Present
Republican Shelley moore capito.jpg
Shelley M. Capito
19
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 27 116th
117th 28 Re-elected in 2020.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 28 119th
120th 29 To be determined in the 2026 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T   T Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former senators[edit]

As of July 2021, there are two living former U.S. senators from West Virginia. The most recent and most recently serving Senator to die was Robert Byrd (served 1959–2010), who died in office on June 28, 2010.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Jay Rockefeller 1985–2015 (1937-06-18) June 18, 1937 (age 84)
Carte Goodwin 2010 (1974-02-27) February 27, 1974 (age 47)

Superlatives[edit]

Longest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Robert Byrd January 3, 1959 June 28, 2010 51 years, 176 days
(18,804 days)
Jay Rockefeller January 15, 1985 January 3, 2015 29 years, 353 days
(10,945 days)
Jennings Randolph November 5, 1958 January 3, 1985 26 years, 59 days
(9,556 days)
Matthew M. Neely March 4, 1923 March 3, 1929 Combined total: 24 years, 318 days
(9,078 days)
March 4, 1931 January 12, 1941
January 3, 1949 January 8, 1958
Stephen Benton Elkins March 4, 1895 January 4, 1911 15 years, 306 days
(5,784 days)

Shortest service[edit]

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Hugh Ike Shott November 18, 1942 January 3, 1943 1 month, 2 weeks and 2 days
(46 days)
Carte Goodwin July 16, 2010 November 15, 2010 3 months, 4 weeks and 2 days
(122 days)
Samuel Price August 26, 1876 January 26, 1877 5 months
(153 days)
William Laird III March 13, 1956 November 6, 1956 7 months, 3 weeks and 3 days
(238 days)
John D. Hoblitzell Jr. January 25, 1958 November 4, 1958 9 months, 1 week and 3 days
(283 days)

Youngest at beginning of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Rush Holt Sr. June 19, 1905 June 21, 1935 30 years and 2 days
John E. Kenna April 10, 1848 March 4, 1883 34 years, 10 months and 22 days
Davis Elkins January 24, 1876 January 9, 1911 34 years, 11 months and 16 days
Carte Goodwin February 27, 1974 July 20, 2010 36 years, 4 months and 23 days
Charles James Faulkner September 21, 1847 March 4, 1887 39 years, 5 months and 11 days

Oldest at end of service[edit]

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
Robert Byrd November 20, 1917 June 28, 2010 92 years, 6 months and 13 days
Matthew M. Neely November 9, 1874 January 18, 1958 83 years, 2 months and 9 days
Jennings Randolph March 8, 1902 January 3, 1985 82 years, 9 months and 26 days
Jay Rockefeller June 18, 1937 January 3, 2015 77 years, 6 months and 16 days
Hugh Ike Shott September 3, 1866 January 3, 1943 76 years and 4 months

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elkins Elected in West Virginia". The New York Times. January 24, 1895. p. 5.
  2. ^ "WEST VIRGINIA'S NEW SENATOR". The New York Times. January 26, 1899. p. 2.