List of common Spanish surnames

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These are lists of the most common Spanish surnames in Spain, Mexico, The Caribbeans (Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Dominican Republic), Central America, South America, and Philippines.

Spain[edit]

The list below is the most common in Spain. As of 2013, the Instituto Nacional de Estadística in Spain listed at least 10 surnames that 20% of the country.[1]

  1. García – 1,378,000 people (3.48%) Pre-Roman, Basque.
  2. Fernández – 851,000 (2.15%) Son of Fernando, Fredenand, or Fridnand; Germanic
  3. González – 839,000 (2.12%) Son of Gonzalo, from the Latinised form Gundisalvus; Germanic
  4. Rodríguez – 804,000 (2.03%) Son of Rodrigo, Roderic; Germanic
  5. López – 796,000 (2.01%) Son of Lope, Latin Lupus, meaning wolf
  6. Martínez – 788,000 (1.97%) Son of Martin, Latin Martis, genitive form of Mars
  7. Sánchez – 725,000 (1.83%) Son of Sancho, Latin Sanctius
  8. Pérez – 709,000 (1.79%) Son of Pedro, Latin Petrus
  9. Martín – 459,000 (1.16%)
  10. Gómez – 440,000 (1.11%) Son of Gomes, Gomo, or Gomaro; Germanic
  11. Ruiz – 321,000 (0.81%) Son of Rui, variation or short for Rodrigo
  12. Hernández – 305,000 (0.77%) Son of Hernando, variation of Fernando
  13. Jiménez – 293,000 (0.74%) son of Jimeno, Xemeno, or Ximeno
  14. Díaz – 293,000 (0.74%) Son of Diego
  15. Álvarez – 273,000 (0.69%) Son of Alvaro, from Alvar; Germanic
  16. Moreno – 261,000 (0.66%) Brown-haired, tanned, brunet
  17. Muñoz – 241,000 (0.61%) Son of Munio; Pre-Roman
  18. Alonso – 206,000 (0.52%) Variation of Alfonso; Germanic
  19. Gutiérrez – 170,000 (0.43%) Son of Gutier, Gutierre, or Gualtierre; Germanic
  20. Romero – 170,000 (0.43%) (pilgrim)
  21. Navarro – 158,400 (0.40%) Navarrese, "from Navarre"; toponym
  22. Torres – 134,600 (0.34%) Towers; toponym
  23. Domínguez – 134,600 (0.34%) Son of Domingo, from Latin Domenicus, Dominus, "master"
  24. Gil – 134,600 (0.34%) From older form Egidio; patronymic
  25. Vázquez – 130,000 (0.33%) Son of Vasco or Velasco
  26. Serrano – 122,700 (0.31%) "Highlander"
  27. Ramos – 118,000 (0.30%) Branches; meaning born during Christian festivity Palm Sunday
  28. Blanco – 118,000 (0.30%) "White"
  29. Sanz – 106,900 (0.27%)
  30. Castro – 102,900 (0.26%) "village". See castro and castrum
  31. Suárez – 102,900 (0.26%) Son of Suero or Suaro; unknown origin
  32. Ortega – 99,000 (0.25%) From Ortiga, nettle plant
  33. Rubio – 99,000 (0.25%) Blond, fair-haired; Latin Rubeus, meaning ruddy, reddish
  34. Molina – 99,000 (0.25%) (Mill, place with mills)
  35. Delgado – 95,000 (0.24%) "Thin man"
  36. Ramírez – 95,000 (0.24%) Son of Ramiro, Radamir, or Radmir; Germanic
  37. Morales – 95,000 (0.24%) Blackberry groves
  38. Ortiz – 87,120 (0.22%) Son of Ortún; Latin Fortunius, meaning fortunate one
  39. Marín – 83,160 (0.21%) Latin Marinus, meaning sailor
  40. Iglesias – 83,160 (0.21%) "Churches"

Source:[2] – Data from December 1999. (2004 data confirmation of top 25)

Mexico[edit]

The list below are the most common in Mexico.

  1. Hernández – 5, 526, 929
  2. García – 4, 129, 360
  3. Martínez – 3, 886, 887
  4. González – 3, 188, 693
  5. Rodríguez – 2,744,179
  6. Pérez – 2,746,468 O
  7. Sánchez – 2,234,625
  8. Ramírez – 2,070,723
  9. Flores – 1,392,707 – From Asturias meaning "Flower"
  10. Gómez – 989,295
  11. Torres – 841,966
  12. Díaz – 811,553
  13. Vásquez – 806,894
  14. Cruz – 800,874 – From Castile meaning "Cross"
  15. Morales – 771,796
  16. Gutiérrez – 748,789
  17. Reyes – 738,320 – Meaning either "Kings" or "Royalty"
  18. Ruíz – 708,718
  19. Jiménez – 670,453 – From Basque
  20. Mendoza – 613,683 – From Basque meaning "Mountain"
  21. Aguilar – 611,904
  22. Ortíz – 576,989 – From Basque, meaning "Son of Orti"
  23. Álvarez – 557,332
  24. Castillo – 553,799 – Meaning "Castle"
  25. Romero – 540,922 – Can be either Spanish or Italian, and have multiple meanings.
  26. Moreno – 539,927
  27. Chávez – 517,392
  28. Rivera – 508,022 – Meaning either "Riverbank" or "Roadside"
  29. Ramos – 455,728
  30. Herrera – 451,226 – From the Latin word, FERRĀRIA, meaning either "Iron Mine" or "Iron Works".
  31. Medina – 431,518 – Arabic origins
  32. Vargas – 427,854 – Can be both Spanish and Portuguese.
  33. Castro – 419,216
  34. Méndez – 410,239 – Originally a Patronymic, meaning "Son of Mendo"
  35. Guzmán – 392,284 From Burgos
  36. Fernández – 385,741
  37. Juárez – 384,929
  38. Muñoz – 376,633
  39. Ortega – 372,471
  40. Salazar – 368,231 – From Burgos, meaning "Old hall"
  41. Rojas – 365,457
  42. Guerrero – 361,557 – Meaning "Warrior"
  43. Contreras – 358,521
  44. Luna – 357,578 – Can be both Spanish, Italian, and Romanian, meaning "Moon".
  45. Domínguez – 348,182
  46. Garza – 335,829 – From Basque and is Galician.
  47. Velásquez – 331,510 – A patronymic name, meaning "Son of Velasco"
  48. Estrada – 324,103 – Both Spanish and Portuguese
  49. Soto – 306,227
  50. Cortez – 301,954 – A Spanish and Portuguese surname, meaning "courteous" or "polite"

Caribbeans[edit]

Cuba[edit]

List of the most common Surnames in Cuba.[3]

  1. Rodríguez – 301, 136
  2. Pérez – 300,189
  3. González – 262,311
  4. Hernández – 215,593
  5. García – 208,965
  6. Martinez – 148,674
  7. Diaz – 136,364
  8. Fernández – 134,470
  9. López – 127,525
  10. Álvarez – 101,010

Dominican Republic[edit]

List of the most common Surnames in the Dominican Republic.

  1. Rodríguez – 225,321
  2. Pérez – 158,059
  3. Martínez – 141,259
  4. García – 137,124
  5. Reyes – 104,892
  6. Sánchez – 104,392
  7. Díaz – 95,106
  8. Peña – 94,396
  9. Jiménez – 92,978
  10. Ramírez – 92,863
  11. Hernández – 91,080
  12. Rosario – 89,630
  13. González – 85,757
  14. Santana – 81,973
  15. Núñez – 79,374
  16. Castillo – 78,338
  17. De la Cruz – 76,977 – Meaning "Of the Cross"
  18. Cruz – 64,613
  19. Guzmán – 63,073
  20. Gómez – 62,310
  21. Santos – 60,613 – A name of Christian origins, meaning "Saints".
  22. López – 59,566
  23. Fuentes – 58,518 – Meaning "Fountains".
  24. Vásquez – 56,149

Puerto Rico[edit]

List of common Surnames in Puerto Rico.

  1. Sanchez - 128,384
  2. Rivera - 114,777
  3. Diaz - 107,640
  4. Rodriguez- 102,137
  5. Narvaez - 70,764
  6. Burgos - 68,522
  7. Colón - 64,692
  8. Vasquez - 62,659
  9. Ramos - 60,232
  10. Ortiz - 60,231
  11. Morales - 56,574
  12. Betancourt - 53,974
  13. Cruz - 52,117
  14. Santiago - 51,371
  15. Reyes - 48,780
  16. Perez - 48,461
  17. Toro -
  18. Rosario-

Central America[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

List of common Surnames in Guatemala.

  1. Lopez - 371,525
  2. Garcia - 285,670
  3. Morales - 228,167
  4. Hernández - 222,755
  5. Pérez - 209,963
  6. González - 208,795
  7. Rodríguez - 135,978
  8. De León - 134,010
  9. Martínez - 123,186
  10. Castillo - 116,298
  11. Estrada - 115,252
  12. Marroquín - 113,961
  13. Gómez - 110,824
  14. Vásquez - 102,153
  15. Méndez - 98,462
  16. Reyes - 95,449

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ancestry.Com "[1]
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 25 June 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Cuba Genealogy Resources & Vital Records". forebears.co.uk.