List of countries by dependency ratio

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Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.[1][2]

total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.

youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.

elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.

potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

List[edit]

All data is for the year 2015. Source is the CIA World Factbook.[3]

Country total dependency ratio youth dependency ratio elderly dependency ratio potential support ratio
 Afghanistan 88.8 84.1 4.7 21.2
 Albania 44.0 26.0 18.1 5.5
 Algeria 52.7 43.8 9.0 11.2
 Angola 97.6 93.0 4.6 21.9
 Antigua and Barbuda 45.2 35.7 9.6 10.5
 Argentina 56.5 39.4 17.1 5.8
 Armenia 44.4 28.7 15.8 6.3
 Aruba (Netherlands) 44.6 27.0 17.5 5.7
 Australia 51.1 28.5 22.6 4.4
 Austria 49.2 21.1 28.1 3.6
 Azerbaijan 40.2 32.1 8.0 12.4
 Bahamas 40.8 29.1 11.7 8.5
 Bahrain 30.2 27.1 3.0 33.1
 Bangladesh 52.6 44.9 7.7 13.0
 Barbados 50.4 29.1 21.3 4.7
 Belarus 43.8 23.2 20.6 4.9
 Belgium 54.2 26.2 28.0 3.6
 Belize 56.8 50.9 5.9 17.0
 Benin 86.1 80.1 6.0 16.6
 Bhutan 47.3 40.4 6.9 14.5
 Bolivia 63.7 53.1 10.6 9.4
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.3 20.7 22.5 4.4
 Botswana 55.1 49.3 5.8 17.3
 Brazil 43.8 32.4 11.4 8.7
 Brunei 38.4 32.8 5.7 17.6
 Bulgaria 51.7 21.2 30.5 3.3
 Burkina Faso 92.2 87.6 4.6 21.6
 Burundi 89.6 84.8 4.7 21.1
 Cape Verde 55.4 48.4 6.9 14.4
 Cambodia 55.6 49.2 6.4 15.6
 Cameroon 85.9 80.0 5.9 17.0
 Canada 47.3 23.5 23.8 4.2
 Central African Republic 90.0 83.1 7.0 14.4
 Chad 100.2 95.2 4.9 20.3
 Chile 45.5 30.3 15.2 6.6
 China 37.7 24.3 13.3 7.5
 Colombia 45.6 35.4 10.2 9.8
 Comoros 75.5 70.5 5.1 19.7
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 97.5 91.5 6.0 16.8
 Republic of the Congo 84.5 78.3 6.2 16.1
 Costa Rica 45.4 32.4 12.9 7.7
 Croatia 50.9 22.4 28.5 3.5
 Cuba 43.3 23.3 19.9 5.0
 Curaçao 52.4 28.7 23.6 4.2
 Cyprus 42.3 24.0 18.3 5.5
 Czech Republic 49.5 22.6 26.9 3.7
 Denmark 56.0 26.3 29.7 3.4
 Djibouti 56.5 50.1 6.4 15.6
 Dominican Republic 57.8 47.3 10.5 9.5
 Ecuador 55.6 45.1 10.4 9.6
 Egypt 61.8 53.6 8.2 12.2
 El Salvador 56.8 44.4 12.4 8.0
 Equatorial Guinea 67.5 62.7 4.8 20.6
 Eritrea 85.0 78.3 6.8 14.8
 Estonia 53.7 24.8 28.9 3.5
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 68.8 63.5 5.2 19.1
 Ethiopia 82.1 75.8 6.3 15.8
 Fiji 52.8 43.9 8.9 11.2
 Finland 57.9 25.9 32.0 3.1
 France 59.2 29.1 30.2 3.3
 French Polynesia (France) 45.3 34.8 10.5 9.5
 Gabon 67.4 59.9 7.6 13.2
 Gambia 92.3 87.8 4.5 22.3
 Georgia 50.0 28.1 21.9 4.6
 Germany 52.1 19.9 32.1 3.1
 Ghana 73.0 67.1 5.9 17.1
 Greece 52.7 22.2 30.5 3.3
 Grenada 50.7 39.9 10.8 9.3
 Guam (US) 52.3 38.8 13.6 7.4
 Guatemala 68.7 61.1 7.6 13.1
 Guernsey (UK) 47.1 21.6 25.4 3.9
 Guinea 84.2 78.6 5.6 17.8
 Guinea-Bissau 80.4 75.2 5.2 19.3
 Guyana 53.5 45.8 7.7 13.3
 Haiti 62.3 54.8 7.5 13.3
 Honduras 59.8 52.7 7.1 14.2
 Hong Kong 35.9 15.2 20.7 4.8
 Hungary 46.9 21.2 25.7 3.9
 Iceland 51.6 30.8 20.8 4.8
 India 52.2 43.6 8.6 11.7
 Indonesia 49.2 41.6 7.6 13.2
 Iran 40.2 33.1 7.1 14.2
 Iraq 77.7 72.3 5.5 18.3
 Ireland 53.8 33.4 20.3 4.9
 Israel 64.2 45.7 18.4 5.4
 Italy 56.5 21.5 35.0 2.9
 Ivory Coast 83.8 78.5 5.3 18.9
 Jamaica 48.7 34.9 13.8 7.2
 Japan 64.0 21.3 42.7 2.3
 Jordan 66.1 59.8 6.2 16.0
 Kazakhstan 50.4 40.3 10.2 9.8
 Kenya 78.3 73.7 4.6 21.7
 Kiribati 63.0 57.0 6.0 16.6
 North Korea 44.5 30.5 14.0 7.1
 South Korea 36.7 19.0 17.7 5.6
 Kuwait 29.8 27.1 2.7 37.3
 Kyrgyzstan 54.7 48.1 6.6 15.1
 Laos 60.2 54.0 6.2 16.1
 Latvia 52.5 23.1 29.4 3.4
 Lebanon 47.3 35.3 12.0 8.3
 Lesotho 66.9 59.5 7.4 13.5
 Liberia 83.2 77.6 5.5 18.1
 Libya 49.1 42.6 6.4 15.5
 Lithuania 49.9 21.9 28.0 3.6
 Luxembourg 43.6 23.5 20.1 5.0
 Macau 26.6 15.7 10.9 9.2
 North Macedonia 41.6 23.8 17.7 5.6
 Madagascar 80.1 75.0 5.1 19.6
 Malawi 91.0 85.3 5.7 17.4
 Malaysia 44.6 36.1 8.5 11.8
 Maldives 38.0 32.3 5.7 17.7
 Mali 101.9 96.8 5.1 19.5
 Malta 48.8 21.4 27.3 3.7
 Mauritania 76.5 71.0 5.5 18.3
 Mauritius 41.6 27.5 14.1 7.1
 Mexico 51.4 41.6 9.8 10.2
 Federated States of Micronesia 62.4 55.3 7.1 14.1
 Moldova 34.5 21.2 13.4 7.5
 Mongolia 48.5 42.7 5.8 17.3
 Montenegro 47.8 27.3 20.5 4.9
 Morocco 51.6 41.9 9.7 10.3
 Mozambique 93.5 87.5 6.1 16.5
 Myanmar 49.7 41.7 8.0 12.6
 Namibia 68.1 62.2 5.8 17.1
   Nepal 61.4 52.5 8.8 11.3
 Netherlands 53.1 25.6 27.4 3.6
 New Caledonia (France) 48.3 33.9 14.4 6.9
 New Zealand 52.9 30.5 22.4 4.5
 Nicaragua 54.1 46.3 7.8 12.8
 Niger 111.6 106.2 5.4 18.6
 Nigeria 88.2 83.0 5.1 19.4
 Norway 52.1 27.3 24.8 4.0
 Oman 32.4 29.4 3.1 32.6
 Pakistan 65.3 57.9 7.4 13.5
 Palestine 75.8 70.5 5.2 19.1
 Panama 54.8 43.1 11.7 8.5
 Papua New Guinea 67.4 61.3 6.1 16.4
 Paraguay 56.6 47.2 9.4 10.6
 Peru 53.2 42.7 10.5 9.6
 Philippines 58.2 51.0 7.2 13.8
 Poland 43.9 21.4 22.5 4.5
 Portugal 53.4 21.6 31.8 3.1
 Puerto Rico (US) 49.6 27.9 21.7 4.6
 Qatar 17.5 16.3 1.3 78.1
 Romania 48.0 22.8 25.2 4.0
 Russia 43.5 24.2 19.4 5.2
 Rwanda 77.3 72.4 5.0 20.1
 Saint Lucia 41.1 27.9 13.3 7.5
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 46.8 36.0 10.8 9.3
 Samoa 74.2 64.9 9.3 10.8
 São Tomé and Príncipe 86.7 81.1 5.6 17.8
 Saudi Arabia 40.9 36.6 4.3 23.2
 Senegal 85.4 79.8 5.6 18.0
 Serbia 49.2 24.9 24.3 4.1
 Seychelles 42.8 31.0 11.7 8.5
 Sierra Leone 82.6 78.0 4.6 21.9
 Singapore 37.3 21.3 16.0 6.2
 Slovakia 48.4 21.6 26.8 3.7
 Slovenia 48.7 21.9 26.8 3.7
 Solomon Islands 75.4 69.4 6.0 16.6
 Somalia 97.4 92.1 5.3 18.8
 South Africa 52.5 44.8 7.7 12.9
 South Sudan 83.7 77.3 6.4 15.7
 Spain 51.0 22.5 28.5 3.5
 Sri Lanka 51.2 37.2 14.1 7.1
 Sudan 81.6 75.4 6.3 15.9
 Suriname 50.7 40.6 10.1 9.9
 Sweden 58.5 27.4 31.1 3.2
  Switzerland 48.8 22.0 26.8 3.7
 Syria 72.8 65.8 7.0 14.3
 Taiwan 35.2 18.6 16.6 6.0
 Tajikistan 62.5 57.1 5.4 18.5
 Tanzania 93.4 87.4 6.0 16.6
 Thailand 40.0 25.2 14.8 6.8
 Timor-Leste 90.3 83.7 6.6 15.2
 Togo 81.2 76.1 5.1 19.8
 Tonga 74.2 63.9 10.2 9.8
 Trinidad and Tobago 43.2 29.8 13.5 7.4
 Tunisia 45.6 34.5 11.1 9.0
 Turkey 50.1 38.4 11.7 8.5
 Turkmenistan 52.7 46.5 6.2 16.1
 Uganda 101.6 97.2 4.4 22.8
 Ukraine 44.8 21.8 23.0 4.3
 United Arab Emirates 17.4 16.2 1.2 83.4
 United Kingdom 55.5 27.4 28.2 3.5
 United States 51.2 29.0 22.1 4.5
 Uruguay 55.9 33.4 22.5 4.4
 Uzbekistan 47.7 41.4 6.2 16.0
 Vanuatu 68.7 61.6 7.1 14.1
 Venezuela 52.6 43.0 9.5 10.5
 Vietnam 42.5 32.9 9.6 10.4
 US Virgin Islands (US) 60.8 32.8 28.0 3.6
 Western Sahara 45.0 41.4 3.7 27.1
 Yemen 76.8 71.7 5.1 19.8
 Zambia 91.9 87.1 4.8 20.8
 Zimbabwe 79.5 74.4 5.1 19.7
World 52.5 39.9 12.6 7.9

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff, Investopedia (2003-11-25). "Dependency Ratio". Investopedia. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  2. ^ "Implications of higher dependency ratio - Economics Help". Economics Help. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  3. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-22.