List of endemic fauna of Puerto Rico

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This is a list of the endemic fauna of Puerto Rico. This list is sorted in alphabetical order by the scientific name of the species, which are in parentheses.

Birds[edit]

Elfin-woods warbler
Puerto Rican parrot
Puerto Rican screech-owl, an endemic species found in the western municipality of Aguada.

Crustaceans[edit]

Insects[edit]

Myriapoda[edit]

Reptiles/amphibians[edit]

Coquí
Mona ground iguana
Puerto Rican boa

Spiders[edit]

This is a list of all spiders endemic to Puerto Rico, according to Platnick.[7]

Extinct animals[edit]

  • Greater Puerto Rican ground sloth (Acratocnus major) - The greater Puerto Rican ground sloth became extinct approximately 3000–4000 years ago.
  • Lesser Puerto Rican ground sloth (Acratocnus odontrigonus) - The lesser Puerto Rican ground sloth became extinct approximately 3000–4000 years ago.
  • Puerto Rican caracara (Caracara latebrosus)
  • Puerto Rican plate-tooth (Elasmodontomys obliquus) - The Puerto Rican plate-tooth, Giant hutia or Puerto Rican paca became extinct approximately in the early 16th century.
  • Greater Puerto Rican agouti (Heteropsomys antillensis)
  • Lesser Puerto Rican agouti (Heteropsomys insulans)
  • Puerto Rican nesophontes (Nesophontes edithae) - The Puerto Rican nesophontes became extinct approximately in the early 16th century.
  • Corozal rat (Puertoricomys corozalus)
  • Puerto Rican parakeet, Mauge's parakeet (Psittacara chloroptera maugei syn. Psittacara maugei)
  • Puerto Rican barn owl (Tyto cavatica)

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The Puerto Rican pewee is not an official species recognized by the AOU. The species is a proposed split from the Lesser Antillean pewee (Contopus latirostris) by Rafaelle, H., et al. (1998) in A Guide to the Birds of the West Indies, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691087369.
  2. ^ This species was formerly categorized as Otus nupides but was subsequently renamed.
  3. ^ This species was formerly a subspecies of Spindalis zena. In 1997 it was elevated to species status: O. H. Garrido; K. C. Parkes; G. B. Reynard; A. Kirkconnell; R. Sutton (1997). "Taxonomy of the Stripe-Headed Tanager, Genus Spindalis (Aves:Thraupidae) of the West Indies". Wilson Bulletin. 109 (4): 561–594.
  4. ^ "Anolis poncensis". Zipecodezoo.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  5. ^ "Ctenonotus Poncensis". Zipcodezoo.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  6. ^ This species was formerly categorized as Peltophryne lemur but was subsequently renamed[permanent dead link].
  7. ^ Platnick, N.I. (2006). world spider catalog, version 7.0. American Museum of Natural History

References[edit]