List of equipment of the Finnish Army
This is a list of weapons used by the Finnish Army, for past equipment, see here.
For equipment or ships of the Finnish Navy, see List of equipment of the Finnish Navy and List of active Finnish Navy ships; for Finnish Air Force aircraft, see List of military aircraft of Finland.
Armour and other vehicles
|Germany||Main battle tank||139
|In total, 100 used Leopard 2A6 tanks were delivered from the Netherlands by the end of 2019. Some of the existing Leopard 2A4's are equipped with Israeli made Urdan mine rollers.|
|Infantry fighting vehicles|
|CV9030 FIN||Sweden||Infantry fighting vehicle||102||CV90 Mk II armed with a 30 mm Bushmaster II autocannon.|
| Soviet Union
|Infantry fighting vehicle||110||All vehicles will be modernized to the Finnish BMP-2MD standard with thermal imaging and Polish multi-spectral camouflage Berberys-R between 2015 and 2019.|
|Armoured personnel carriers (tracked)|
|MT-LB and MT-LBV
|Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||320
|Armoured personnel carriers (wheeled)|
|Patria AMV XA-360||Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||62||With Protector (RWS) remote weapon station.|
|Sisu Pasi XA-180/185
Sisu Pasi XA-202
Sisu Pasi XA-203 OWS
|Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||476
|135 XA-180 vehicles built in the 1980s will be modernized between 2014 and 2020. A further 139 XA-180 vehicles will be modernized between 2017 and 2021.|
|Protolab Misu||Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||4||4 test vehicles have been ordered.|
|Sisu GTP||Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||6||6 test vehicles have been ordered for delivery in 2021.|
|Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany||Armoured utility vehicle|
|Land Rover Defender 110||United Kingdom||Utility vehicle|
|Toyota Hilux||Japan||Pickup truck|
|BV308||Sweden||Tracked articulated all-terrain transport vehicle||19||Some were included in the a joint purchase from Norway and Sweden (two batches, 123 in 2012 and another 171 in 2013). Troop transport, command, ambulance and transport pallet changer variants.|
|BV206 D6N||Sweden||Tracked articulated all-terrain transport vehicle||~400||Some 274 have recently been purchased from Norway in several batches (49 in 2003, 123 in 2012 and another 171 in 2013, plus an additional 85 in 2014).|
|Sisu NA-120 GT||Finland||Tracked articulated, all-terrain transport vehicle||~250||All NA-140 vehicles will be sold off by 2017.|
|Lynx GLX 5900|| Finland
|Polaris Sportsman 500/800 EFI
|United States||All-terrain vehicle|
|Military engineering vehicles|
|Leopard 2L|| Germany
|Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||10
|Leopard 2R|| Germany
|Combat engineering vehicle||6|
|Leopard 1A2 ARV||Germany||Armoured recovery vehicle||8||BPz-2|
|Leopard 1A2 AEV||Germany||Combat engineering vehicle||8||PiPz-1|
|JVBT-55A||Czech Republic||Armoured recovery vehicle||ex-DDR T-55TK|
|VT-55A||Czech Republic||Armoured recovery vehicle||ex-DDR T-55T|
|BLG-60M2|| East Germany
|Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||12|
|MTP-LB||Soviet Union||Technical support vehicle|
|Sisu E15TP Leguan|| Finland
|Sisu RA-140 DS||Finland||Mine clearing vehicle|
|T-55M|| Soviet Union
|Mine clearing tank||9||Late 1980's Finnish modification of the Soviet T-55A, with Bofors FCS-FV/K fire control system and Mecar M-1000 APFSDS-T ammunition as well as other upgrades. Equipped with a bulldozer blade or KMT-5M mine rollers, 9 are in use in 2020 as mine clearance tanks.|
|Towed field guns and howitzers|
|155 K 98||Finland||Gun-howitzer||54||Supports readiness brigades with indirect fire. Equipped with an auxiliary power unit for short distance movement adjustments. 155 K 98 is based on the earlier 155 K 83 with some major enhancements to both the breech and the barrel.|
|155 K 83||Finland||Gun-howitzer||113
|Provides indirect fire support for various units and is used to form heavy artillery battalions under direct supreme HQ command. 155 K 83-97 is an upgrade of the existing 155 K 83.|
|152 K 89||Soviet Union||Field gun||24||Provides indirect fire support for Jaeger and infantry brigades as well as battlegroups.|
|122 H 63||Soviet Union||Howitzer||471||The main artillery support of Jaeger and infantry brigades as well as battlegroups.|
|155 PSH 17||South Korea||Self-propelled howitzer||8 (40)||Supports mechanized and motorized battlegroups with indirect fire. 48 used howitzers will be delivered from South Korea 2017-2024.|
|122 PSH 74||Soviet Union||Self-propelled howitzer||74||Supports mechanized and motorized battlegroups with indirect fire.|
|KRHPSAJON XA-361-AMOS|| Finland
|Self-propelled gun-mortar||18||120mm twin-barrel Patria AMOS mortar on a Patria AMV platform.|
|Multiple rocket launchers|
|298 RSRAKH 06||United States||Multiple rocket launcher
Driver training vehicle
|M270D1 vehicles used for long-range strikes against enemy reserves, command posts, and combat support organizations up to operational depth at the point of main effort. In 2016 Finland bought 90 M31A1 Unitary Missiles and 150 M30A1 Alternative Warhead Missiles, to complement its AT2-missiles and M28 training missiles.|
|122 RAKH 89 M1||Czechoslovakia||Multiple rocket launcher||34||Czech 122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher, originally 36 units bought from East German stocks. Used to support mechanised and motorised units.|
|Forward observer vehicles|
|BMP-1 TJ|| Soviet Union
|Forward observation vehicle||10||BMP-1 vehicles modified in Finland for use as forward observer vehicles. The turret and main gun are removed and replaced with observation devices in the TJ version.|
|BMP-1 TJJ|| Soviet Union
|Forward observation vehicle||24||BMP-1 vehicles modified in Finland for use as forward observer vehicles. The TJJ version retains the original turret and main gun.|
|ELTA Systems ELM-2311 Compact Multi Mission Radar||Israel||Counter-battery radar||To enter service in 2021.|
|Surface-to-air missile system|
|ITO 12 NASAMS II||Norway||Surface-to-air missile system||24||Medium-range, mobile air-defence system that holds six AIM-120 C-7 AMRAAM missiles at ready. They are primarily used to protect the Capital Region. Also known as ITO 12.|
|ITO 05 (ASRAD-R)
ITO 05M (MANPADS)
|Surface-to-air missile system||16
|ITO 05 is a short-range, mobile air-defence system that holds four RBS 70 missiles at ready and protects the readiness brigades as well as the Capital Region. Every ITO 05 launch unit is paired with an ITO 05M MANPADS. ITO 05M also protects the readiness brigades' Jaeger and armoured battalions.|
|ITO 90M (Crotale NG)||France||Surface-to-air missile system||20||Short-range, mobile all-weather weapon system that holds eight VT-1 missiles at ready and is used to protect targets and troops vital to national defence.|
|ITO 15||United States||Man-portable air-defense system||200||FIM-92F Stinger-RMP Block I missiles. 171 Stinger-missiles were brought from Denmark to be used for training purposes.|
|35 ItK 88||Switzerland||Twin-barreled AA autocannon||16||Originally 35 ItK 58. 35 ItK 88 is a modernized Oerlikon KD that incorporates features such as a digital fire-control system, automatic re-loading and, since the 2000s, a new radar system.|
|23 ItK 95
23 ItK 61 (ZU-23-2)
|Soviet Union||Twin-barreled AA autocannon||45
|Commonly known as "Sergei". ItK 95 is a modernized variant, where the gun is gyro-stabilized and has an auxiliary power unit, a laser range finder and a digital fire-control system.|
|ITPSV Leopard 2 Marksman|| Germany
|Self-propelled, twin-barreled AA autocannon
|The Marksman turrets were moved from T-55AM chassis to Leopard 2 chassis in 2014 and 2015. In service use from 2016 onward.|
- Sisu E13TP – 8×8 Finland heavy transport (60 vehicles)
- Sisu E11T – 8×8 Finland heavy transport
- Tatra 815 – 8×8 Czech Republic heavy truck
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 3553 – 8×4 Germany heavy truck
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 4160 – 8×4 heavy truck (5 vehicles)
- Sisu SM312 – 8×4 Finland
- Scania R144G – 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R164C – 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R164G – 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R 480 – 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R 500 – 8×4 Sweden
- Scania P 420 – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 114C – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 114G – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 124G – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania R164G – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania G 480 – 6×4 Sweden
- Scania T144 – 6×4 Sweden 10 surplus vehicles bought from Belgium in 2017. Used for heavy transport, e.g. road transport of Leopard 2 tanks.
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 2741 – 6×6 Germany
- Sisu E11T – 6×6 Finland
- Sisu SA-240 Rasi – 6×6 Finland
- Sisu SA-241 Rasi – 6×6 Finland
- Sisu Kontio – 6×2 Finland
- Sisu SK-250 – 6×2 Finland
- DAF YAD4442 – 4×4 Netherlands
- DAF YAS4442 – 4×4 Netherlands
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1018 – 4×4 Germany
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1323 – 4×4 Germany
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1623 – 4×4 Germany
- Mercedes-Benz Zetros 2533 - 6x4 Germany 
- Sisu A2045 – 4×4 Finland 232 vehicles for delivery 2009–2010 with an option for an additional 240 vehicles to be bought after 2010.
- Sisu SA-130 Masi – 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-150 Masi – 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-151 Masi – 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SL171 – 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SK181 MIL – 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-110 Sammakko – 4×4 Finland armoured truck manufactured between A-45 and Sisu SA-151 (only some 6 produced and used in UN missions)
- Sisu Karhu – 4×2 Finland
- Scania P 380 – 4×4 Sweden
- Leyland-DAF MMLS - 8x6 (125 surplus vehicles from GB in 2017-18)
|9.00 PIST 2008||Austria||Pistol||Glock 17 with specially made RTF2 checkering texture around the grip, 20 N (4.5 lbf) trigger pull, self illuminating tritium sights and a 17+1-round magazine. Used by military police.|
|9.00 PIST 2003||Germany||Pistol||Walther P99. Used by special forces and military police.|
|9.00 PIST 80–91||Belgium||Pistol||FN HP-DA. Standard issue pistol for military police conscripts.|
|9.00 PIST SIG P226
9.00 PIST SIG P225
|Germany||Pistol||SIG Sauer P226 and the shorter variant P225. Used by crisis management troops.|
|7.62 RK 62
7.62 RK 62 TP
7.62 RK 62 76
7.62 RK 62 76 TP
7.62 RK 62 M1
7.62 RK 62 M2
7.62 RK 62 M3
|Finland||Assault rifle||350,000||Standard issue assault rifle.|
[Top] RK 62 with later version pistol grip and handguard.
[Middle upper] RK 62 76 with an older stamped steel magazine.
[Middle] RK 62 M1 - the baseline modification with a telescoping stock and mounting rails for optical sights and tactical lights as well as some other small improvements.
[Middle lower] RK 62 M2 - front handguard with M-LOK rail interface, Ase Utra BoreLock flash hider, silencer/rebar cutter (the two latter not pictured), surface manganese phosphated.
[Bottom] RK 62 M3 - Identical to the M2 version, but treated in green Cerakote.
|7.62 RK 95 TP
||Finland||Assault rifle||20,000||Modernized standard assault rifle|
|7.62 RK 72
7.62 RK 72 TP
|East Germany||Assault rifle||100,000||East German -made AKM (MPi-KM fixed stock and MPi-KMS-72 folding stock variants). Purchased in the 1990s in large numbers for reserve troops. Folding stock version is used by various tank, APC and IFV crewmen.|
|AK-74M||Russia||Assault rifle||AK-74M used by National Defence Training Association of Finland|
|7.62 RK 54
7.62 RK 54 TP
|Soviet Union||Assault rifle||Soviet AK-47 and its folding stock variant AKS-47. Purchased in late 1950s and early 1960s to introduce the Kalashnikov type assault rifle to FDF use before sufficient amount of RK 62 were produced. Now in long-term storage.|
|7.62 RK 56 TP||People's Republic of China||Assault rifle||100,000||Type 56-2, Chinese-made folding stock AK type rifles, purchased in the 1990s in large numbers for reserve troops, now in long-term storage.|
|5.56 RK SCAR||Belgium||Assault rifle||300–500||FN SCAR-L, used by special forces.|
|12 HAUL REM 870||United States||Shotgun||Standard shotgun.|
|8.6 TKIV 2000||Finland||Sniper rifle||Sako TRG-42.|
|7.62 Tkiv 85||Finland||Sniper rifle|
|7.62 TKIV Dragunov||Soviet Union||Sniper rifle|
|12.7 RSTKIV 2000||United States||Anti-materiel rifle||Barrett M82A1.|
|12.7 TKIV 2000||United States||Anti-materiel rifle||Barrett M95.|
|TRG-21||Finland||Sniper rifle||Sako TRG-21. For marksmanship competition shooting. Doesn't have a specific name within the FDF standard naming system.|
|9.00 KP 2000
9.00 KP 2000 VAIM
|Germany||Submachine gun||Heckler & Koch MP5A5 and MP5SD6. Used by special forces.|
|7.62 KK PKM
7.62 KK PKM PICA
7.62 KK PKT
| Soviet Union
|General-purpose machine gun||Standard general-purpose machine gun. 7.62 KK PKT is used in all IFV's in the Finnish army.|
|7.62 KVKK 62||Finland||Light machine gun||Being gradually replaced by PKM.|
|12.7 ITKK 96||Soviet Union||Anti-aircraft machine gun||Soviet NSV machine gun; standard heavy machine gun.|
|12.7 RSKK 2005||United States||Heavy machine gun||Found on the Patria AMV's Kongsberg weapon turrets.|
|7.62 KK MG3||Germany||General-purpose machine gun||Light armament on Leopard 2A4 tanks and NH90 helicopters.|
|7.62 PSVKK MAG||Belgium||General-purpose machine gun||Light armament on Leopard 2A6 tanks.|
|7.62 KK Dillon||United States||Machine gun||M134D-H Minigun. Used as light armament on NH90 helicopters by the Utti Jaeger Brigade.|
|40 KRKK 2005||Germany||Grenade machine gun|
|40 KRPIST 2002||Germany||Grenade launcher|
|120 KRH-TEA||Finland||Mortar carrier||27||Sisu NA-122 GT mortar carrier variant of the Sisu NA-120 series tracked articulated vehicles.|
|ATARV-TEA||Finland||Ammunition carrier||14||Sisu NA-123 GT ammunition carrier variant of the Sisu NA-120 series tracked articulated vehicles.|
|81 KRH-TEA BV|| Sweden
|Mortar carrier||A light mortar carrier variant of the Hägglunds BV206 D6N tracked articulated vehicle. The British L16 81mm mortars originally mounted on the carrier vehicle have been replaced with the 81 KRH 71 Y, with the L16 having been stored as infantry mortars under the designation 81 KRH 13.:170|
|120 KRH 65 Y
120 KRH 65 73
||Old Tampella heavy infantry mortar. 15 were manufactured with an amphibious floating carriage in 1965 and more with a new carriage in 1974. In long-term storage.:212–213|
|120 KRH 85
120 KRH 85 92
|Finland||Mortar||60:214||Tampella heavy infantry mortar model 1985. To be withdrawn from service when barrels wear out.:215|
|120 KRH 92
120 KRH 92 76
|Finland||Mortar||698||Standard issue Finnish Tampella lightweight heavy infantry mortar. Old 120 KRH 40 were withdrawn from service and scrapped when the 120 KRH 92 were acquired.:216–217|
|81 KRH 71 Y||Finland||Mortar||Standard issue Finnish Tampella light infantry mortar.:192–193|
|81 KRH 96||Finland||Mortar||550:193||81 KRH 71 Y with an improved baseplate designed after the 120 KRH 92 baseplate, manufactured by Vammas.:193|
|81 KRH 13||United Kingdom||Mortar||British L16 81 mm mortars removed from the BV206 D6N mortar carriers. Few in number, in long-term storage.:170|
|102 RSLPSTOHJ NLAW|| Sweden
|Anti-tank weapon||3,000||Disposable, man-portable, short range fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile system.|
|Israeli Spike missile, MR and LR variants, some of them are made in Germany by Diehl Defence. 140 Spike-MR launch units, 500 Spike-MR missiles. 45 GILL launchers were purchased from the Netherlands in 2013. These were modified by the Finns to Spike-LR. The Finnish Navy operates also Spike-ER under the designation RO 06 (18 launch units).|
|PSTOHJ 83 MA
PSTOHJ 83 MB
|United States||Anti-tank missile||535||BGM-71E (TOW 2A) and BGM-71F (TOW 2B) variants.|
|112 RSKES APILAS||France||Anti-tank weapon||Portable one-shot 112 mm recoilless anti-tank weapon. Colloquially known as jumppaputki ("Gym tube"). Will be taken out of service by 2020.|
|66 KES 12
66 KES 88
66 KES 12 RAK
| United States
||M72A5 (66 KES 88) and M72 EC LAW Mk.I (66 KES 12 PST) HEAT variants and M72 ASM RC (66 KES 12 RAK) aluminized HE variant. Colloquially known as kessi. 66 KES 88 will be taken out of service by 2020.|
|95 S 58-61||Finland||Anti-tank weapon||<1,000||95mm recoilless anti-tank weapon. Colloquially known as musti ("Blackie"); the weapon makes a loud, distinctly dog bark-like sound when fired. In reserve. Will be taken out of service by 2020.|
|VP 88||Finland||Directional fragmentation weapon||Anti-personnel command-detonated directional fragmentation weapon with 0.9 kg hexotol (a mixture of hexogen (RDX) and TNT similar to Composition B). Very similar to the American M18 Claymore mine.|
|VP 2010||Finland||Directional fragmentation weapon||Anti-personnel command-detonated directional fragmentation weapon with 1.3 kg FPX R1 (PBX type) explosive.|
|VP 84||Austria||Anti-vehicle mine||Anti-vehicle directional fragmentation mine with 11.5 kg hexotol. Used against lightly armored vehicles.|
|VP 01||Anti-vehicle mine||Anti-vehicle directional fragmentation mine with 10.3 kg Composition B. Used against lightly armored vehicles.|
|TM 65 77||Finland||Anti-tank mine||Blast mine with 9.5 kg TNT and a pressure fuse.|
|MHPM 12|| Finland
|Anti-tank mine||11.4 kg mine, with 6.9 kg either East German or Finnish made TM-62 explosive, and a Finnish multiple sensor fuse.|
|POM 87||Finland||Anti-tank mine||Shaped charge mine with 4 kg hexotol. Magnetic and seismic sensor fuse.|
|POM 87 94||Finland||Anti-tank mine||Shaped charge mine with 4 kg hexotol. Magnetic and seismic sensor fuze, main explosive is similar to POM 87 but the fuse can also be programmed with a run-over counter and for self-deactivation.|
|KP 81||Finland||Anti-vehicle mine||Off-route EFP anti-vehicle mine with 12 kg hexotol.|
|KP 87||Finland||Anti-vehicle mine||Off-route EFP anti-vehicle mine with 1.6 kg hexotol.|
|REP 12||Finland||Anti-handling device||Anti-handling device for anti-tank mines. The device is laid under the anti-tank mines and explodes when the mine above is removed.|
|Sirpalekäsikranaatti M43||Finland||Fragmentation grenade||Simplified version of the Sirpalekäsikranaatti M41. Consist of a cylindrical cast iron shell with vertical grooves and a 60 g cylindrical explosive, the same which is used as the detonator in TM 65 77 or the now defunct anti-personnel mines. Uses either the fuse M83 or M95, both being 3.5 second.|
|Sirpalekäsikranaatti M95|| Finland
|Fragmentation grenade||Commercially Nammo HGF165-3,5. Spherical prefragmented steel shell and a 165 g explosive. Uses the 3.5 second fuse M95.|
|Painekäsikranaatti M99|| Finland
|Concussion grenade||Commercially Nammo HGO225-3,5. Consist of a cylindrical plastic shell and a 225 g cylindrical explosive. Uses the 3.5 second fuse M95.|
|Fosforikäsikranaatti||Finland||Incendiary grenade||Phosphorus hand grenade. Uses either the fuse M83 or M95, both being 3.5 second.|
|Paukkuvaloheite 2||Finland||Stun grenade||Stun grenade.|
|Paukkuvaloheite 7||Finland||Stun grenade||Stun grenade.|
|Savuheite 80-16||Finland||Smoke grenade||Grey smoke grenade.|
|Merkkisavuheite 80-16||Finland||Smoke grenade||Coloured marker smoke grenade.|
|2 savurasia 83-16||Finland||Smoke grenade||2 kg grey smoke canister.|
The NH90 TTH (Tactical Transport Helicopter) is the main type of transport helicopter used, having replaced Soviet Mi-8s. The Army also uses Hughes 500 D and E helicopters in reconnaissance and training roles. The Finnish Army has 11 unmanned reconnaissance airplanes (RUAG Ranger), which are used for reconnaissance and artillery targeting purposes, and in 2012 ordered a number of unmanned Aeronautics Defense Orbiters.
|NHI NH90||Transport helicopter||NH90 TTH||20|
|MD Helicopters MD 500||Utility helicopter||MD 500D
|RUAG Ranger||Unmanned reconnaissance||11|
|Aeronautics Defense Orbiter||Unmanned reconnaissance||55 systems, with a total of 250 mini air vehicles to be delivered|
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