List of extreme summits of Central America

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This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Central America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in the region.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[1]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[2][3][1]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[4]

Northernmost high summits[edit]

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The northernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
5 Doyle's Delight[5][6][7]  Belize Yucatán Peninsula 1174 m
3,852 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
138.3 km
85.9 mi
16°29′39″N 89°02′44″W / 16.4941°N 89.0456°W / 16.4941; -89.0456 (Doyle's Delight)
4 Pico Bonito[8][9]  Honduras Cordillera Nombre de Dios 2450 m
8,038 ft
1710 m
5,610 ft
151.0 km
93.8 mi
15°33′27″N 86°52′32″W / 15.5575°N 86.8756°W / 15.5575; -86.8756 (Pico Bonito)
3 Alto Cuchumatanes[10][11]  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3837 m
12,589 ft
1877 m
6,158 ft
65.2 km
40.5 mi
15°31′06″N 91°32′40″W / 15.5182°N 91.5445°W / 15.5182; -91.5445 (Alto Cuchumatanes)
2 Volcán Tacaná[12][13][14]  Chiapas
 Guatemala
Sierra de Istatan 4067 m
13,343 ft
1037 m
3,402 ft
24.1 km
14.99 mi
15°07′56″N 92°06′30″W / 15.1323°N 92.1084°W / 15.1323; -92.1084 (Volcán Tacaná)
1 Volcán Tajumulco[15][16][17]  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Southernmost high summits[edit]

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The southernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
6 Cerro Hoya[18][19]  Panama Azuero Peninsula 1559 m
5,115 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
135.7 km
84.3 mi
7°19′04″N 80°40′52″W / 7.3179°N 80.6810°W / 7.3179; -80.6810 (Cerro Hoya)
5 Cerro Tacarcuna[20][21]  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
174.4 km
108.3 mi
8°09′57″N 77°17′45″W / 8.1659°N 77.2959°W / 8.1659; -77.2959 (Cerro Tacarcuna)
4 Volcán Barú[22][23][24]  Panama Chiriquí 3474 m
11,398 ft
1324 m
4,344 ft
74.2 km
46.1 mi
8°48′32″N 82°32′34″W / 8.8088°N 82.5427°W / 8.8088; -82.5427 (Volcán Barú)
3 Chirripó Grande[25][26][27]
(Cerro Chirripó)
 Costa Rica Cordillera de Talamanca 3819 m
12,530 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
878 km
546 mi
9°29′03″N 83°29′20″W / 9.4843°N 83.4889°W / 9.4843; -83.4889 (Chirripó Grande)
2 Volcán Acatenango[28][29]  Guatemala Chimaltenango 3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
125.9 km
78.2 mi
14°30′06″N 90°52′32″W / 14.5016°N 90.8755°W / 14.5016; -90.8755 (Volcán Acatenango)
1 Volcán Tajumulco[15][16][17]  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Easternmost high summits[edit]

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The easternmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
5 Cerro Tacarcuna[20][21]  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
174.4 km
108.3 mi
8°09′57″N 77°17′45″W / 8.1659°N 77.2959°W / 8.1659; -77.2959 (Cerro Tacarcuna)
4 Volcán Barú[22][23][24]  Panama Chiriquí 3474 m
11,398 ft
1324 m
4,344 ft
74.2 km
46.1 mi
8°48′32″N 82°32′34″W / 8.8088°N 82.5427°W / 8.8088; -82.5427 (Volcán Barú)
3 Chirripó Grande[25][26][27]
(Cerro Chirripó)
 Costa Rica Cordillera de Talamanca 3819 m
12,530 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
878 km
546 mi
9°29′03″N 83°29′20″W / 9.4843°N 83.4889°W / 9.4843; -83.4889 (Chirripó Grande)
2 Volcán Acatenango[28][29]  Guatemala Chimaltenango 3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
125.9 km
78.2 mi
14°30′06″N 90°52′32″W / 14.5016°N 90.8755°W / 14.5016; -90.8755 (Volcán Acatenango)
1 Volcán Tajumulco[15][16][17]  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Westernmost high summits[edit]

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Volcán Tacaná and Volcán Tajumulco are the two highest summits of Central America.

The westernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
2 Volcán Tacaná[12][13][14]  Chiapas
 Guatemala
Sierra de Istatan 4067 m
13,343 ft
1037 m
3,402 ft
24.1 km
14.99 mi
15°07′56″N 92°06′30″W / 15.1323°N 92.1084°W / 15.1323; -92.1084 (Volcán Tacaná)
1 Volcán Tajumulco[15][16][17]  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  2. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  3. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  4. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. ^ The summit of Doyle's Delight is the highest point of Belize and the Yucatán Peninsula.
  6. ^ Doyle's Delight is the northernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America.
  7. ^ "Doyle's Delight". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Pico Bonito is the northernmost 2000-meter (6562-foot) summit of Central America.
  9. ^ "Pico Bonito". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Alto Cuchumatanes is the northernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America.
  11. ^ "Alto Cuchumatanes". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  12. ^ a b Volcán Tacaná on the international border with Guatemala is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas.
  13. ^ a b "Volcán Tacaná". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Volcán Tacaná". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Sierra de las Nubes, the Republic of Guatemala, and all of Central America.
  16. ^ a b c d Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of greater North America.
  17. ^ a b c d "Volcán Tajumulco". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  18. ^ Cerro Hoya is the southernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  19. ^ "Cerro Hoya". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  20. ^ a b Cerro Tacarcuna is the southernmost ultra-prominent summit of Central America and greater North America.
  21. ^ a b "Cerro Tacarcuna". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  22. ^ a b The summit of Volcán Barú is the highest point of the Republic of Panama. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "A_Volcán Barú" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  23. ^ a b Volcán Barú is the southernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  24. ^ a b "Volcán Barú". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  25. ^ a b The summit of Chirripó Grande is the highest point of the Republic of Costa Rica.
  26. ^ a b Chirripó Grande is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  27. ^ a b "Chirripó Grande". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  28. ^ a b Volcán Acatenango is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  29. ^ a b "Volcán Acatenango". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°02′35″N 91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)