List of European countries by minimum wage

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The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most of minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but there are countries where minimum wage is fixed at an hourly rate or weekly rate.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Net income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25-year olds.

Purple above €1,000
Light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €499
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25-year olds.

Purple above €1,500
Light blue €700 to €1,500
Yellow €400 to €699
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018 (in PPP, Purchasing Power)
European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes. For example, even if a Slovakian citizen has a gross minimum income higher than a Czech, in reality the first will receive less money than the second because of higher income taxes.

Minimum wages by country[edit]

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross

(EUR)

Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Albania 211[citation needed] Decrease 209[2] 26,000.00 lekë (salary less than 30,000 lekë per month is not subject to income tax)[8] Month 149.00 lekë[8] 1.38 3.09 124 1 July 2020
 Andorra 991 991 €991.47[9] Month €5.72[9] 6.56 7.03 1 1 January 2017
Belarus Belarus 90[10] 104 330.00 rubles[11] Month 1.53 rubles 0.82 2.62 2.47 1 January 2018
Belgium Belgium 1216[citation needed] Increase 1,626[2] €1,626 Month €9.49 10.87 11.46 1 1 July 2020
 Bosnia & Herzegovina 208[12] 311 951 Konvertibilna marka Month 3.73 mark 2.18 5.31 1.9558 1 January 2019
Bulgaria Bulgaria 242[citation needed] Steady 312[2] 610 lev Month 3.66 lev[13] 2.07 5.53 1.95583 1 July 2020
Croatia Croatia 437[citation needed] Decrease 537[2] 4,062.50 kuna Month 25.39 kuna 3.76 5.86 7.43 1 July 2020
Czech Republic Czech Republic 485[citation needed] Decrease 546[2] 14,600.00 koruna[14][15] Month 87.30 koruna[14][15] 3.96 6.46 25.00 1 July 2020
Estonia Estonia 546[citation needed] Steady 584[2] €584.00[1] Month €3.44[16] 3.40 5.37 1 1 July 2020
France France 1324[citation needed] Steady 1,539[2] €1,539 Month €10.03 11.40 12.23 1 1 July 2020
Germany Germany 1250[citation needed] Steady 1,584[2] €1,584.00[2] Month €9.35 10.47 11.33 1 1 July 2020
Greece Greece 546 / (606)
[17][18][19][20]
650 / (758)
[18][19][20]
€758.3[18][19][20] Month €3.94 4.51 6.51 1 1 February 2019
Hungary Hungary 300[citation needed] Decrease 452[2] 161,000 Month 926 forint 3.13 6.11 357.00 1 July 2020
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1,574[citation needed] Increase 1,707[2] €1,707 Month €10.10[21] 10.94 11.40 1 1 July 2020
Latvia Latvia 366[citation needed] Steady 430[2] €430 Month €2.48 2.84 4.96 1 1 July 2020
Lithuania Lithuania 447[citation needed] Steady 607[2] €607 Month €3.72 4.25 8.09 1 1 July 2020
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1,808[citation needed] Steady 2,142[2] €2,141.99[2] Month €11.84[22] 13.74 13.32 1 1 July 2020
Malta Malta 660[citation needed] Steady 777[2] €777 Month €4.24 4.86 7.37 1 1 July 2020
 Moldova 119[23] 151[24] 2,935 lei[23][25][26][27][28] Month 17.37[29][25] 0.86 1.87 19.4 1 May 2020
 Montenegro 222[30] Steady 331[2] €331.33[2] Month €1.39 1.39 3.03 1 1 July 2020
Netherlands Netherlands 1,053 Increase 1,680[2] €1,680[2] Month €9.70[31] 11.55 11.28 1 1 July 2020
 North Macedonia 254 282 14,500 denars (net)[32][33][34] Month 90,6 denars 1.63 3.45 61.50 1 December 2019
Poland Poland 481[citation needed] Decrease 583[2] 2,600 złoty Month 17.00 zł 4.41 9.57 4.30 1 July 2020
Portugal Portugal 571[citation needed] Steady 741[35][2] €741.00 Month €4.64 5.18 7.95 1 1 July 2020
Romania Romania 277[36] Decrease 461[2] 2,230 RON[37] Month 13.94 RON 2.92 6.64 4.83 1 July 2020
Russia Russia 120[citation needed] 138[38] 12,130 rubles[39] Month 75.00 rubles 0.66 1.77 87.83 1 September 2020
 San Marino 1583 €1,582.57[40] Month €9.74 11.17 11.98 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 273[citation needed] Steady 344[2] 32,126 dinars[41] Month 183.9 dinars[41] 1.50 3.68 118.3 1 July 2020
Slovakia Slovakia 480[citation needed] Steady 580[2] €580[42][1] Month €3.332[42] 3.39 5.30 1 1 July 2020
Slovenia Slovenia 687[citation needed] Steady 941[2] €941 Month €5.88 6.48 8.00 1 1 July 2020
Spain Spain 1002[citation needed] Steady 1,108[2] €1,108 Month €7.04[43] 8.03 10.71 1 1 July 2020
 Ukraine 127 Increase

154[44]

5,000 hryvnias[45] Month 29.20 hryvnias[45] 1.05 2.90 32.5 1 September 2020
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,220[citation needed] Decrease 1,583[2] 1,315 pound[46][1][47][48][49] Month 8.21 pound[46][47][48][49] 10.00 11.25 0.9 1 July 2020

Minimum wages by country (other countries)[edit]

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) (EUR) (Local) Local (USD)
Armenia Armenia 125 125 68,000.00 dram[50] 317.31 dram 0.66 569.14 1 July 2015
 Azerbaijan 76 130 250.00 manat[51] 0.93 manat 0.55 1.98 1 September 2019
 Georgia 6 7 20.00 lari[52] 0.12 lari 0.05 2.90 1 January 1999
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 28 29 42,500 tenge[53] 141.11 tenge 0.40 402.84 1 January 2019
 Turkey Decrease 250[2] 2,324 lira[54] 10.15 lira 1.45 9.31 1 July 2020

Minimum wages by country (other territories)[edit]

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
 Kosovo 160 €170.00[55] €0.98 1.20 1 17 August 2011
 TRNC 454 €522.00[56] €1.56 1.79 8 1 January 2019

Countries with no minimum wage[edit]

In some countries it was replaced with other systems that provide a minimum income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective at
 USA 1000[59] 1120 $1256(40-hour workweek)[60] 7.25 6.45 1.12 24 July 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]