needs additional citations for verification
( January 2014)
The designation of the
oldest mosques in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old mosque buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades. In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist.
To be listed here a site must:
be the oldest mosque in a country, large city (top 50), or oldest of its type (denomination, architectural, etc.);
be the oldest congregation of its type (denomination).
Mentioned in the Quran [ edit ]
The following are treated as the oldest mosques or
sanctuaries mentioned in the  Quran:
Unknown, associated with Abraham
 Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām, the [a] holiest sanctuary, containing the , a site of the Ka'bah (' Ḥajj Pilgrimage'), the Qiblah (Direction of formal  prayers of Muslims), and the first mosque  in Islamic thought.   Rebuilt many times, notably 1571 by the  Ottomans, and the late 20th century by the Saudis, further enlargement under way since 2010.
Jerusalem (old city)
Unknown, associated with Abraham 
 Al-Masjid al-Aqṣá, the former  Qiblah, site of the significant event of  , third Al-Isra' wal-Mi'raj holiest site in Islam. Although properly referring to the whole Temple Mount compound (seen as a single mosque), today however specifically the silver-domed congregational mosque or prayer hall facing Mecca [otherwise known as [note 1] Al-Qibli Mosque (see below)] located on the southern side of the compound.
The Sacred Monument
Muzdalifah, near Mecca
Al-Mashʿar Al-Ḥarām a site of the Hajj.    
The first mosque built by Muhammad in the 7th century CE, possibly mentioned as the "Mosque founded on piety since the first day" in the Quran. Largely rebuilt in the late 20th century.
Note that the major regions, such as
Africa and Eurasia, are sorted alphabetically, whereas the minor regions, such as Northeast and Northwest Africa in Africa, and Arabia and South Asia in Eurasia, are sorted by the dates in which their first mosques were reportedly established, more or less, barring those that are mentioned by name in the Quran.
Americas [ edit ]
Eurasia [ edit ]
Eurasia' is treated here not as a continental landmass, but a combination of European and Asian countries, including island-states such as Japan and the United Kingdom.
Cheraman Juma Masjid
Built by Malik bin Dinar, companion of Prophet Muhammad, on orders of Cheraman Perumal , then King of modern-day  Kerala, it is the oldest mosque in the Indian subcontinent.
unnamed Ramjapur Masjid
Possibl the earliest mosque in South Asia is under excavation in northern Bangladesh, indicating the presence of Muslims in the area around the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad.
Palaiya Jumma Palli
Considered to be the first mosque to be built in Tamil Nadu, and the second mosque in India. Constructed by Yemeni merchants and trade settlers in the Pandiya Kingdom and ordered by Bazan ibn Sasan, Governor of Yemen at the time of Muhammad.
Beruwala, Kalutara District, Western Province
Sri Lanka First century in the Hijri calendar
The date has been carved in its stone pillars. It is situated in western province of Sri Lanka.
Afghanistan Second half of the 9th century
Considered to be the oldest Islamic building in Afghanistan.
Jamia Masjid, Banbhore
This is the oldest mosque of Pakistan which is located in Bhambore. 
Kazimar Big Mosque
First mosque in Madurai.
Khaplu, Gilgit Baltistan
This is the oldest mosque of Gilgit Baltistan located in Khaplu. 
Sixty Dome Mosque
Built by Khan Jahan Ali, it is considered to be the second-oldest mosque in Bangladesh. The fortified structure contains eighty-one domes, sixty stone pillars and eleven mihrabs.
west Asia (excluding the Arabian peninsula, Caucasus, and Syrian region)
Ayasofya Mosque (
Turkey 1453 (537)
Built in 537 as a Greek Orthodox cathedral, converted to a mosque in 1453, and then a museum in 1931.
Great Mosque of Kufa
The mosque, built in the 7th century, contains the remains of Muslim ibn Aqeel – first cousin of Husayn ibn Ali, his companion Hani ibn Urwa, and the revolutionary Mukhtar al-Thaqafi.
Maqam al-Imam al-Husayn Mosque
Reconstructed several times, including in 1016.
Jameh Mosque of Ferdows
Iran 7th century (possibly)
Mopsuestia, Adana Province
Built by the Umayyad caliph Umar II, as part of his conversion of the city into a military base to shield Antioch from a potential Greek attack. The building fell into ruin during the reign of Al-Mu'tasim, approximately 120 years later.
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan
Jameh Mosque of Fahraj
Iran 8th century
Great Mosque of Samarra
Shrine of the 10th and 11th Twelver Shi'ite Imams: Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari.
Imam Ali Mosque
Houses the tomb of Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muhammad's cousin and fourth Caliph, and the first person of the Shia Imamate.
Great Mosque of Diyarbakır
One of the oldest known mosques in modern Turkey.
Yivliminare Mosque (Alaeddin Mosque)
Since 713 here, several edifices of main cathedral mosque were built then razed, restored after fires and wars, and moved from place to place.
Great Mosque of Cordoba (Mezquita)
(then the Spain Emirate of Córdoba)
It was built on the main (Visigothic) church of the city after the site was being divided and shared between Muslims and Christians for around seven decades. The great mosque was built by Abd al-Rahman I, the first Muslim ruler of Spain in 785, it underwent successive extensions in the 9th and 10th centuries and was concluded in 10th century under the command of  Almanzor. After the Christian reconquest of Cordoba in 1236, Ferdinand III of Castile converted the mosque into a cathedral, suffering some alterations that will end up configuring the current Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba. With 23,400 square metres (2.34 ha), it was the second largest mosque in the world on the surface, after Al-Haram Mosque in Mecca, only later replaced in this respect by the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul in 1588.
Mosque of Cristo de la Luz
Toledo, Castile-La Mancha
(then the Spain Caliphate of Córdoba)
Mosque of las Tornerías
Toledo, Castile-La Mancha
(then the Spain Taifa of Toledo)
Arabic: الـمـسـتـمـيـم, romanized: al-Mustimim
Mosque of Tórtoles
(then the Spain Crown of Aragon)
Almost not altered in the later centuries.
Eastern Europe (excluding the Caucasus, European Russia and Nordic countries)
Built by Muslims who migrated from Aleppo, in Syria, to Kosovo.
Built during the reign of Sultan Murad II the old building was demolished and replaced by the modern-day mosque.
Montenegro 14th century
Halit Efendi Mosque
It is considered to be the oldest mosque in Macedonia.
Turhan Emin-Beg Mosque
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1448–1449
Built by Turhan Emin-beg. Known to have been destroyed two times (1941 and 1992) and rebuilt two times (1956 and 2007).
Fatih Mosque, Elbasan
Built by the orders of Sultan Mehmed II.
Old Mosque, Plav (Imperial Mosque)
Built during the Ottoman rule in the city.
King Mosque or Sultan Bayazit Mosque
Iljaz Mirahori Mosque
It was built by Iljaz Hoxha, also known as Iljaz Bey Mirahor, and is a  Cultural Monument of Albania.
Mosque of Kuklibeu
Mosque of Muderis Ali Efendi
Oldest mosque in Romania
Poland 1558 (earliest attestation in writing)
Tatar mosques in Poland were noted in a 1558 treatise Risale-i Tatar-i Lech.
(then the Lithuania Grand Duchy of Lithuania)
Various records indicate Lithuanian Tatars built mosques in the Duchy during the 16th century
Mosque of Sinan Pasha
Log pod Mangartom Mosque
Log pod Mangartom, Municipality of Bovec
(then Slovenia Austria-Hungary)
Built by Bosniak members of the Austro-Hungarian army.
The first and one of the few mosques in Croatia, located near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Vienna Islamic Centre-Mosque
Czech Republic 1998
Construction began 1996, inaugurated 1998.
Sheik Karimal Makdum Mosque
Simunul island, Tawi-Tawi province
Founded by Makhdum Karim, who introduced Islam to the Philippines.
Wapauwe Old Mosque
Central Maluku Regency, Maluku
The oldest surviving mosque in Indonesia.
Ampel, Surabaya, East Java
The oldest surviving mosque in Java, and second oldest in Indonesia.
Masjid Sultan Sharif Ali
Brunei 1430 (approximate)
Built under the direction of Sharif Ali ("Sultan Berkat"), who reigned 1425-1432.
Great Mosque of Demak
Demak, Central Java
Indonesia 15th century
Oldest mosque in Central Java and second oldest in Java.
300 Years Mosque
Thailand 17th century
It is at least one of the oldest known mosques in Thailand.
Masjid Omar Kampong Melaka
Originally a wooden structure built by Arab merchant Syed Omar Ali Aljunied.
Western- Central Europe (excluding the British Isles, Nordic countries, and countries that are also in Eastern Europe)
Grand Mosque of Paris
Paris (first in
This mosque was the first mosque built in France since the 8th century; it was built in the Moroccan style, and honored Muslim French veterans of World War I.
Erected in 1915 by the Imperial German Army administration for Muslim Allied prisoners of war in the POW camp in Wünsdorf, later used as refugee camp. In 1930 torn down due to lack of a congregation.
The first known purpose-built mosque in the Netherlands.
Centre Islamique de Genève ("Little Mosque" of Geneva)
Founded by Said Ramadan
Oceania [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
^ According to historian Oleg Grabar, "It is only at a relatively late date that the Muslim holy space in Jerusalem came to be referred to as al-haram al-sharif (literally, the Noble Sacred Precinct or Restricted Enclosure, often translated as the Noble Sanctuary and usually simply referred to as the Haram). While the exact early history of this term is unclear, we know that it only became common in Ottoman times, when administrative order was established over all matters pertaining to the organization of the Muslim faith and the supervision of the holy places, for which the Ottomans took financial and architectural responsibility. Before the Ottomans, the space was usually called
al-masjid al-aqsa (the Farthest Mosque), a term now reserved to the covered congregational space on the Haram, or masjid bayt al-maqdis (Mosque of the Holy City) or, even, like Mecca's sanctuary, al-masjid al-ḥarâm," 
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Danarto (1989). . p. 27. A Javanese pilgrim in Mecca ISBN . 978-0867469394 It was still dark when we arrived at Muzdalifah, four miles away. The Koran instructs us to spend the night at al-Mash'ar al-Haram. the Sacred Grove at Muzdalifah, as one of the conditions for the hajj . We scrambled out of the bus and looked ...
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External links [ edit ]