List of wars involving Kyrgyzstan

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This is a list of wars involving Kyrgyz Republic, by Kyrgyz and the predecessor states of Kyrgyzstan to the present day. It also includes wars fought outside Kyrgyzstan by the Kyrgyz military.

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
War against Xiongnu (201 BC) Kyrgyz tribes Xiongnu Defeat
Battle of Tian Shan (99 BC) Xiongnu

Kyrgyz tribes (as part of Xioungnu)

Han dynasty Victory
Revolt against Xiongnu (71 BC) Xiongnu

Kyrgyz tribes

Rebels: Victory
  • Revolt is crushed
War against Xiongnu (49 BC)

(part of Xiongnu Civil War)

Kyrgyz tribes Xiongnu Defeat
War against Rouran Khaganate (5th century) Kyrgyz tribes

Tiele

Rouran Khaganate Defeat
Coalition War against the Second Turkic Khaganate (688) Coalition: Second Turkic Khaganate Defeat
  • Coalition is defeated
First War against the Second Turkic Khaganate (695) Kyrgyz Khaganate Second Turkic Khaganate Victory
Second War against the Second Turkic Khaganate (710-711) Kyrgyz Khaganate Second Turkic Khaganate Defeat
First Kyrgyz-Uyghur War (751-758) Kyrgyz Khaganate

Karluks

Uyghur Khaganate Defeat
Revolt against Uyghur Khaganate (795) Kyrgyz tribes Uyghur Khaganate Defeat
  • Revolt is crushed
Second Kyrgyz-Uyghur War (820-843) Kyrgyz Khaganate Uyghur Khaganate Victory
Expansion of Kyrgyz Khaganate (840-924)
Kyrgyz Khaganate
Kyrgyz Khaganate Turkic and Mongol tribes Victory
Series of revolts against the Mongol Empire (1218, 1261) Kyrgyz tribes Mongol Empire Defeat
  • Revolt of 1218 is crushed, thousands of Kyrgyz are massacred
  • Revolt of 1261 is crushed
Series of revolts against the Yuan dynasty (1273, 1293) Kyrgyz tribes Yuan dynasty Defeat
Conquering of Nicaea, now known as Iznik, (1331) Seljuk Empire

supported by: Kyrgyz tribes

Byzantine Empire Victory
  • In 1331, Sultan Orhan captured the city from the Byzantines and for a short period the town became the capital of the expanding Ottoman Emirate
Revolt against Moghulistan (1504-1508) Kyrgyz tribes Moghulistan Defeat
  • Revolt is crushed
Series of wars against Moghulistan (16th century) Kyrgyz tribes Moghulistan Victory
  • North Moghulistan is under control of Kyrgyz tribes
Series of wars against the Shaybanids (16th century) Kyrgyz tribes

supported by:

Kazakh Khanate

Shaybanids Victory
Kyrgyz-Oirat campaigns (16th century) Northern Kyrgyz tribes Four Oirat Victory
War against Khanate of Bukhara (1598) Kazakh Khanate

supported by:

Kyrgyz tribes

Khanate of Bukhara Victory
  • Kyrgyz tribes strengthen their influence in Central Asia
Campaign of the southern Kyrgyz tribes against Andijan (1642-1643) Southern Kyrgyz tribes Andijan Inconclusive
Dzhungar invasion (1643-1644) Kazakh Khanate

Kyrgyz tribes

Dzhungar Khanate Victory
  • Invasion is stopped by Kyrgyz and Kazakh tribes
First War against Dzhungar Khanate (1653) Kazakh Khanate

Kyrgyz tribes

Dzhungar Khanate Inconclusive
Second War against Dzhungar Khanate (1658) Khanate of Bukhara

Kyrgyz tribes

Kazakh Khanate

Dzhungar Khanate Inconclusive
Third War against Dzhungar Khanate (1678-1684) Khanate of Bukhara

Kyrgyz tribes

Kazakh Khanate (1683)

Dzhungar Khanate Victory
Fourth War against Dzhungar Khanate (1727) Kyrgyz tribes

Kazakh Khanate

Dzhungar Khanate Defeat
Kyrgyz campaign against Dzhungar Khanate (1747) Kyrgyz tribes Dzhungar Khanate Victory
Fifth War against Dzhungar Khanate (1748-1749) Kyrgyz tribes Dzhungar Khanate Victory
  • Decisive victory of Kyrgyz tribes
  • The end of Kyrgyz-Dzhungar wars
Battle against the Qing dynasty (1759) Kyrgyz tribes

supported by: Khanate of Kokand

Kazakh Khanate

 Qing dynasty Victory
  • Kyrgyz leader Azhy Byi, from Adygene tribe destroyed army of 9000 Chinese troops of Qing dynasty with his 6000 warriors
  • Kubat byi from Kushchu tribe destroyed last Dzhungar's army
Kyrgyz-Kazakh campaigns (1760-1779) Kyrgyz Khanate Kazakh Khanate Victory
Kyrgyz-Kokand War (1764-1831) Kyrgyz tribes Khanate of Kokand Defeat
Revolt of Jahangir Khoja (1820-1828) Uyghurs

supported by:

Kyrgyz tribes

Khanate of Kokand

 Qing dynasty Defeat
Kyrgyz-Kazakh War (1847) Kyrgyz Khanate
Supported by:
 Russian Empire
Kazakh Khanate Victory
Russian conquest of Kyrgyz tribes (1855-1876)
Surprise Attack, by Vasily Vereshchagin
Kyrgyz tribes  Russian Empire Defeat
Kokand campaign (1873-1876) Kyrgyz tribes
Khanate of Kokand
 Russian Empire Defeat
Andijan Uprising of 1898 Rebels:  Russian Empire Defeat
  • Uprising is crushed
Central Asian Revolt of 1916
Rebel escape to China, by Semyon Chuykov
Rebels:  Russian Empire Defeat
  • Nearly 50,000 Kyrgyz were massacred during the revolt
  • 150,000 - 200,000 Kyrgyz and Kazakhs fled to China
Basmachi Revolt (1916-1934)  Russian SFSR Basmachi Victory
World War II (1941-1945)
Raising a Flag over the Reichstag, by Yevgeny Khaldei
Allied Powers: Axis Powers: Victory
Hungarian Revolution of 1956  Soviet Union

Hungary Hungary

Revolutionaries Victory
  • Revolution is crushed
Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989)  Soviet Union

 Republic of Afghanistan

Afghan Mujahideen Defeat
Osh Riots
(1990)
Kyrgyz Uzbeks
  • Riots have been stopped
Tajikistani Civil War
(1992–1997)
 Tajikistan
  • Popular Front[1]

 Russia
 Uzbekistan
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyz Republic
 Turkmenistan
 China
 India
United Nations UNMOT

United Tajik Opposition

Afghanistan Islamic State of Afghanistan
Afghanistan Taliban factions1[3]
Supported by:
al-Qaeda[4]

Military stalemate
Batken Conflict (July 30 – September 27, 1999)  Kyrgyz Republic

Supported by:

 Uzbekistan

 Russia

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan Victory
  • Terrorists destroyed
  • Government of the Kyrgyz Republic regains control over previously occupied settlements
Tulip Revolution
(22 March–11 April 2005)
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Opposition Kyrgyzstan Government of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010
(6 April–14 December 2010)
Kyrgyzstan Revolutionaries Kyrgyzstan Government of Kyrgyzstan
2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes
(2010)
Kyrgyzistan Kyrgyz gangs

Other pro-Bakiyev forces

Uzbekistani Kyrgyz1

Flag of Jihad.svg Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (alleged)[11]


Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz provisional government
Supported by:
 Russia[12]
 Kazakhstan[13]
 United States[14]
 China[15]
 Turkey[16]

Kyrgyzstani Uzbeks

Uzbekistani Uzbek civilians1

 Uzbekistan[21] (limited involv.)2[23][24]

  • Uzbek minority expulsion, Bishkek government regains control over southern provinces[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tajikistan: President Meets With Popular Front Commanders". Radio Liberty Archives. 9 July 1997.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Jonson, Lena (2006-08-25). Tajikistan in the New Central Asia. ISBN 9781845112936. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  4. ^ Inside Al Qaeda: global network of terror, by Rohan Gunaratna, pg. 169
  5. ^ Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests Archived 2006-09-08 at the Wayback Machine CRS Report for Congress
  6. ^ "The Associated Press: Mobs burn villages, slaughter Uzbeks in Kyrgyzstan". Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Mass Exodus as Death Toll Rises in Kyrgyzstan's Restive South - News from Antiwar.com". News.antiwar.com. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  8. ^ "Kyrgyzstan: Ferghana.Ru sources confirm the involvement of Tajik contractors in the Osh massacre – Ferghana Information agency, Moscow". Enews.ferghana.ru. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  9. ^ "Kyrgyz police arrest riot suspects : Voice of Russia". 17 June 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  10. ^ a b "A Thomson Reuters Foundation Service". AlertNet. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  11. ^ Orange, Richard (17 June 2010). "Kyrgyzstan troubles to spur rise of al Qaeda in Central Asia". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  12. ^ Loiko, Sergei L. (15 June 2010). "Kyrgyzstan riots: Kyrgyzstan will get aid, no troops from regional security group". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  13. ^ "Kyrgyz Authorities Raid Uzbek Village in South". .voanews.com. 20 June 2010. Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  14. ^ "U.S. mulls more help for Kyrgyzstan, rules out unilateral action". CNN. 16 June 2010.
  15. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (11 June 2010). "Kyrgyzstan Fighting Poses Challenge to Government". The New York Times.
  16. ^ "Turkey says backs Kyrgyzstan's territorial integrity | Diplomacy". World Bulletin. 17 June 2010. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  17. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (14 June 2010). "Russia Weighs Pleas to Step in as Uzbeks Flee Kyrgyzstan". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Kyrgyzstan: State of emergency imposed after ethnic violence kills two, wounds dozens | Spero News". Speroforum.com. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  19. ^ "Leading News Resource of Pakistan". Daily Times. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  20. ^ "ReliefWeb t Document t Provisional Government Grappling with Simmering Ethnic Tension in Kyrgyzstan". Reliefweb.int. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  21. ^ a b "Uzbek troops leave Kyrgyzstan". United Press International. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  22. ^ Najibullah, Farangis. "Uzbek, Kyrgyz, And Tajik Lives Collide in Sokh – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty 2010". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on 2010-06-05. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  23. ^ "eng.24.kg". eng.24.kg. Archived from the original on 2010-06-29. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  24. ^ "What's behind the pullout of the Uzbek forces from Sokh?". EurasiaNet.org. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010.