List of works by Carl Almquist

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Detail of the Faith window of All Saints Church, Upper Stondon, Bedfordshire
The Adoration of the Lamb window in St Wilfrid's Church, Grappenhall, Cheshire
Detail of the St Alban window in Lancaster Priory
The Hireling Shepherd window in Christ Church, Over Wyresdale, Lancashire
The St Michael window in Betws Bledrws Church, Ceredigion
Detail of a stained-glass window in Betws Bledrws Church, Ceredigion

A list of the known extant works of Carl Almquist (1848 – 1924), a Swedish-born stained-glass artist whose professional life was spent entirely in Britain. He was a pupil of Henry Holiday and became one of the two chief designers for the well-known Lancaster firm of Shrigley and Hunt. He was in large measure responsible for establishing their late Pre-Raphaelite or Aesthetic style. Though largely neglected by 20th-century art historians he has more recently been acclaimed as a genius, and as one of the leading late-Victorian stained-glass designers.[1] Almquist designed many windows for locations in Scotland, Wales, the Home Counties, Yorkshire, and above all in the north-west of England, and there are scattered examples elsewhere.

Works[edit]

Because of the destruction by fire of most of the company's records in 1973[2] many Shrigley and Hunt windows can be attributed to individual designers only on stylistic grounds, if at all.[3] Any list of Carl Almquist's works is therefore necessarily incomplete. However, unless otherwise stated, all of the following Shrigley and Hunt windows have been firmly attributed to Almquist as designer.

Great Britain[edit]

England[edit]

Bedfordshire

  • Upper Stondon, All Saints Church. North transept window, three lights (1885). Subject: Faith, Hope and Charity. Waters described it as "a masterpiece that places Almquist at the centre of the HolidayBurne-Jones school of design".[7][8]

Buckinghamshire

  • Steeple Claydon, St Michael's Church. A painted reredos in which the central panel, by Almquist, depicts the Resurrection, while the two side panels are by Jewitt. Waters comments that "Neither artist was most successful as a painter in oil, but this reredos is the most successful the firm was to produce."[9]

Cambridgeshire

  • Pampisford, St John the Baptist's Church. East window, three lights (1896). Subject: the Crucifixion.[10]

Cheshire

Cumbria

  • Crosby Ravensworth, St Lawrence's Church. South window of the chancel, three lights (1888). Subject: musical angels.[14]
  • Great Strickland, St Barnabas Church. East window, three lights (1885). Subject: the Crucifixion.[14]

Derbyshire

  • Matlock, Town Hall. The stair window (1881) is in three tiers, of which the top, with floating figures, and the bottom, representing Hygeia and Aesculapius, are by Almquist.[14]

Durham

  • Redmarshall, St Cuthbert's Church. A south window, two lights (c. 1905). Subject: musical angels.[16]

East Riding of Yorkshire

East Sussex

  • East Hoathly, parish church (no dedication). East window, three lights (1884). Possibly in collaboration with Jewitt and William Tipping. Subject: Christ and the Apostles.[18][19][20][21]

Greater London

  • Cockfosters, Christ Church. All this church's stained glass (1898–1905) was produced by Shrigley and Hunt, and all, apart from some of the glass in the east wall sidelights, was designed by Almquist.[22][12]

Greater Manchester

  • Bolton, St Mary's Church. A north window, four lights, and the aisle clerestory window above. Subject: an angel with a chalice, Jesus at Gethsemane, etc. By Almquist and Jewitt. It is described in the Buildings of England series as "Duskily Pre-Raphaelite, with some beautifully rich colours...a notable early work of theirs".[24]

Hertfordshire

  • Datchworth, All Saints Church. West window of the north aisle, two lights (1879). Subject: Sower and Reaper.[16]

Kent

  • Aldington, St Martin's Church. South transept window, two lights (1887). Subject: two angels.[12]

Lancashire

  • Blackpool, Holy Trinity Church. Two south windows, each of four lights (1909). Subjects: church music and church building. Waters considered these windows perhaps the finest Shrigley and Hunt ever produced.[27]
  • Great Eccleston, St Anne's Church. East window, three lights (1884). Subject: the Crucifixion.[29]
  • Lancaster, Priory. East window of the King's Own Regiment Memorial Chapel, three lights (c. 1903). Subject: St George, St Michael, and St Alban.[32]
  • Lytham St Annes, St Anne's Church. South aisle window, three lights (c. 1899). Subject: St Agnes between two figures. Only the two figures in the left and right lights are by Almquist.[33]
  • Preston, St George the Martyr's Church. The stained glass was designed by Almquist.[36] He also furnished the designs for murals depicting the Exodus, and personally supervised their transfer onto the walls of the church, above the arches of the north and south walls.[35]
  • Silverdale, St John's Church. West window, three lights (1888). Subject: the Nativity. Clerestory windows (1891). Subject: Old Testament prophets. Waters considered these windows superb.[33]
  • Yealand Conyers, St John's Church. A south window, one light (1889). Subject: the Good Shepherd.[11]

Lincolnshire

  • Epworth, St Andrew's Church. South chancel window, three lights (c. 1909). Subject: After the Resurrection. North window. Subject: Christ blessing little children.[37]

Merseyside

  • Great Crosby, United Reformed Church. East window. Design said to be attributed to Almquist.[38]
  • St Helens, Christ Church. Two south windows (2nd and 3rd from the west), one light each (1887). Subjects: Charity; Dorcas.[39][40][41]
  • West Derby, St James's Church. North chapel window, three lights (1883). Subject: Martyrs worshipping the Lamb. West window (1898). Subject: Scenes from Christ's Life. Another window (1888). Subject: Annunciation and Nativity.[42]

Norfolk

  • East Bilney, St Mary's Church. North chancel window (1886). Subject: the Resurrection.[37]

Northamptonshire

Northumberland

North Yorkshire

Nottinghamshire

Oxfordshire

South Yorkshire

Surrey

  • Grayswood, All Saints Church. East window, five lights (1905). Subject: the Ascension and Resurrection. Also a north window. In the chancel are painted figures of Moses and David on linen canvas, by Almquist according to Waters, though Historic England only says they are possibly by him.[19][45]

West Yorkshire

  • Bradford, St James's Church. East window, five lights (1876). Subject: Scenes from the Life of Christ.[46]
  • Ledsham, All Saints Church. East window, five lights (1899). Subject: After the Resurrection.[46]

Worcestershire

  • Evesham, All Saints Church. Two windows, each of four lights (1899). Subjects: Saints and Prophets.[17]

Scotland[edit]

Aberdeenshire

Dunbartonshire

  • Dumbarton, Town Hall. Council chamber window (1896). Subject: secular figures. The heraldry and patterns in which the figures are set are by Jewitt and others.[46]

Lanarkshire

Perthshire

  • Aberfoyle, parish church (no dedication). West window, two lights (1895). Subject: the Good Shepherd, and Moses.[46]
  • Aberfoyle, St Mary's Episcopal Church. East window, four lights (1896). Subject: Scenes from the Life of Christ. Waters described it as a superlative work of art.[47]

Wales[edit]

Clwyd

  • Colwyn Bay, Queens' Lodge. Landing window above the entrance (c. 1893). Subject: dancing garland weavers. Drawing room hearth tiles (1893). Subject: Perseus and Andromeda.[48]

Dyfed

  • Betws Bledrws, parish church (no dedication). East window, three lights (1886). Subject: the Crucifixion. West window, one light (1887). Subject: St Michael. Six windows, each of one light (1886). Subjects: Angels. Porch windows (1887). Subjects: Angels. Almquist's windows are described in the Buildings of Wales series as lovely, and of a delicacy reminiscent of Morris & Co., while Waters called his St Michael "magnificent".[53][54][55]

Mid Glamorgan

Ireland[edit]

County Kilkenny

  • Kilkenny, St Canice's Cathedral. Three south chancel windows, each of one light (1902). Subject of the central lancet: St John and St Peter. Attributed to Almquist.[56]

Spain[edit]

Canary Islands[edit]

Tenerife

Sweden[edit]

Örebro County

  • Örebro, St Nicholas Church. A north window, three lights (1881). Subject: musical angel. East window. Subject: Scenes from the Life of Christ. South transept window. Subject: Scenes from the Life of Christ. Various other windows.[48][60]

See also[edit]

Carl Almquist

Shrigley and Hunt

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 1, 67.
  2. ^ Allen, John (2020). "Architects & Artists S". Sussex Parish Churches. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  3. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 2–3.
  4. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 66.
  5. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at St Paul, Bedford, Bedfordshire". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  6. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at St Mary, Luton, Bedfordshire". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  7. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 66–67.
  8. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at All Saints, Upper Stondon, Bedfordshire". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  9. ^ Waters 2003, p. 67.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Waters 2003, p. 68.
  11. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 79.
  12. ^ a b c d e Waters 2003, p. 72.
  13. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 69.
  14. ^ a b c d e Waters 2003, p. 70.
  15. ^ "T G Brocklebank". IWM Imperial War Museums. 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  16. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 71.
  17. ^ a b c Waters 2003, p. 82.
  18. ^ Allen, John (2020). "East Hoathly – Dedication unknown". Sussex Parish Churches. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d Waters 2003, p. 81.
  20. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at Church, East Hoathly, Sussex". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  21. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 81–82.
  22. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at Christ Church, Cockfosters, Outer London (formerly Middlesex)". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Panels". Victoria and Albert Museum, London. n.d. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  24. ^ Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner 2004, p. 162.
  25. ^ Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner 2004, p. 173.
  26. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2020). "Stained Glass Windows at St Mary, Ware, Hertfordshire". Church Stained Glass Windows. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  27. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 73.
  28. ^ "Chancel N side. Reverend John Palmour". Christ Church Fulwood. 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  29. ^ a b c d Waters 2003, p. 74.
  30. ^ Waters 2003, p. 75.
  31. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 75–76.
  32. ^ a b c d Waters 2003, p. 76.
  33. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 78.
  34. ^ Darlington, Neil (2020). "Christ Church (the Shepherds' Church), Over Wyredale". Architects of Greater Manchester 1800–1940. The Victorian Society. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  35. ^ a b Waters 2003, p. 77.
  36. ^ "St George's Church". Preston Minster. n.d. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  37. ^ a b c Waters 2003, p. 80.
  38. ^ Pollard, Pevsner & Sharples 2006, p. 181.
  39. ^ "Dorcas, 1887 (stained glass)". Meisterdrucke. 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  40. ^ "Charity, 1887 (stained glass)". Bridgeman Images. n.d. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  41. ^ Pollard, Pevsner & Sharples 2006, p. 576.
  42. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 78–79.
  43. ^ "St James Church Riding Mill. History of the Church and the building". St James Church, Riding Mill. n.d. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  44. ^ a b c Waters 2003, p. 83.
  45. ^ Historic England (26 September 2002). "Church of All Saints (1243910)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  46. ^ a b c d e f Waters 2003, p. 84.
  47. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 24, 84.
  48. ^ a b c d e Waters 2003, p. 85.
  49. ^ "Church of St Tysilio, Llantysilio, Denbighshire". Gwydr Lliw yng Nghymru/Stained Glass in Wales. Canolfan Uwchefrydiau Cymreig a Cheltaidd Prifysgol Cymru/University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies. 2011–2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  50. ^ "Llantysilio, St Tysilio, Shrigley & Hunt (1873-1982), Carl Almquist, Angelic Chorus, 1890". Meisterdrucke. 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  51. ^ "Llantysilio, St Tysilio, Shrigley & Hunt (1873-1982), Carl Almquist, Angel Musicians, 1890". Meisterdrucke. 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  52. ^ "Llantysilio, St Tysilio, Shrigley & Hunt (1873-1982), Carl Almquist, Angel Musicians, 1890". Meisterdrucke. 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  53. ^ "Carl Almquist (1848-1924)". Gwydr Lliw yng Nghymru/Stained Glass in Wales. Canolfan Uwchefrydiau Cymreig a Cheltaidd Prifysgol Cymru/University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies. 2011–2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  54. ^ Waters 2003, pp. 32, 85.
  55. ^ Lloyd, Thomas; Orbach, Julian; Scourfield, Robert (2006). Carmarthenshire and Ceredigion. The Buildings of Wales. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 49. ISBN 0300101791. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  56. ^ Lawrence, David (n.d.). "Kilkenny Cathedral St Canice W02". Gloine Stained Glass in the Church of Ireland. The Representative Church Body. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  57. ^ Núñez, Jonás Armas (July–December 2013). "Los templos anglicanos como iniciadores de la vidriera artística en Canarias". Quiroga: Revista de Patrimonio Iberoamericano (in Spanish) (4): 13. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  58. ^ "Olaus Petri Church Örebro" (PDF). Svenska kyrkan. n.d. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  59. ^ "Olaus Petri kyrka, Örebro". Länsstyrelsen Örebro län (in Swedish). n.d. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  60. ^ "Church of Saint Nicholas" (PDF). Svenska kyrkan. n.d. Retrieved 11 July 2020.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Carl Almquist at Wikimedia Commons