Lists of places in Antarctica

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Lists of places in Antarctica
Antarctica.svg
Coordinates 80°S 90°E / 80°S 90°E / -80; 90
Area Ranked 2nd (unofficially)
 • Total 14,000,000 km2 (5,400,000 sq mi)
 • Land 100%
 • Water 0%
Coastline 17,968 km (11,165 mi)
Borders No land boundaries
Highest point Vinson Massif, 4,897 m (16,066 ft)
Lowest point Bentley Subglacial Trench, −2,555 m (−8,382.5 ft)
Longest river Onyx River, 25 km
Largest lake Lake Vostok, 26,000 sq m (est.)
Climate subantarctic to antarctic
Terrain ice and barren rock
Natural Resources krill, fin fish, crab
Natural Hazards high winds, blizzards, cyclonic storms, volcanism
Environmental Issues depleting ozone layer, rising sea level

Antarctica is the southernmost continent on Earth. While Antarctica has never had a permanent human population, it has been explored by various groups, and many locations on and around the continent have been described. This page lists notable places in and immediately surrounding the Antarctic continent, including geographic features, bodies of water, and human settlements.

Bodies of water[edit]

Antarctic melt stream

Antarctica is a desert, receiving very little annual precipitation.[1] However meltwater from the continent's ice features produce a number of rivers and streams. A list of these can be found at List of rivers of Antarctica

Ice[edit]

Nearly all of Antarctica's surface is covered by ice to an average depth of 1.9 km (1.2 mi; 6,200 ft).[2] As such, a number of notable ice features have been described on the continent.

Ice shelves[edit]

In many places, continental ice sheets extend from the continent forming massive ice shelves.

A list of Antarctic ice shelves can be found at List of Antarctic ice shelves.

Ice streams[edit]

Islands[edit]

A number of islands surround Antarctica. For a list of them, see List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands.

Geographic features[edit]

Ridges and rock features[edit]

Mountains and hills[edit]

There are a number of mountain lists for Antarctica:

To be added to lists are:

Volcanoes[edit]

Mount Erebus, the second-highest volcano in Antarctica

Antarctica has a number of active and extinct volcanoes. For a list of them, see List of volcanoes in Antarctica.

Human Settlements[edit]

Antarctica has no permanent human population, however there are a variety of man-made places in Antarctica including two civilian bases.

Lighthouses[edit]

Research stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joyce, C. Alan (18 January 2007). "The World at a Glance: Surprising Facts". The World Almanac. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2009. 
  2. ^ British Antarctic Survey. "Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica" (PDF). The Cryosphere journal: 390. Retrieved 6 January 2014.