Longtang Dam

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Longtang Dam
Longtang Dam viewed from the east - 04.jpg
Nandu River Dam viewed from the east bank
Official name龙塘大坝
LocationLongtang, Hainan, China
StatusOperational
Dam and spillways
Type of damGravity
ImpoundsNandu River

The Longtang Dam (龙塘大坝), also known as Longtang Reservoir[1] and Nandu River Dam, is located on the Nandu River at Longtang, Hainan, China.[2]

When the water level is low enough this concrete dam serves as a river crossing for vehicles and pedestrians. The dam has a normal water level of 7.7 metres. At 11.5 metres, an alert is issued. When the dam is closed, large metal doors are lowered at each end to prevent access.

The dam also has hydro electric stations on both banks.

Nandu River Hydro Station[edit]

The Nandu River Hydro Station consists of a power generation station on the east and west bank, both operational.

West Hydro Station[edit]

West Hydro Station

The west station's head race is essentially a concrete wall within the river that diverts some water to the station. The station has five, small generators.

East Hydro Station[edit]

East Hydro Station

Planning for the East Hydro Station started in 1998. Work began in 2001, and in November 2011, it began operating.

The station receives water from a head race that runs along the east side of the river for approximately 200 metres. Water enters the turbine, which is the Chongqing-made GZ SK115-WP-275. The SFG2500-40/2860 generator can receive a 5.5-metre intake of head water at a rate of 54.8 cubic metres per second. It is attached to speed monitor model PWST-100-4. This system is mostly automated and can be managed and monitored from the central control office located on the western bank of the Nandu. The generator's output capacity is 5,000 kW (2 x 2,400 kW / 6.3 kV).[3]

This station is a Haikou Water project, and is under the supervision of the Haikou Nandu River Water Diversion Project.

2016 high water level[edit]

Video showing high water levels, viewed from the west bank on August 20, 2016

At 12:00, August 19, 2016, after Tropical Storm Dianmu brought heavy rains, the water level at the dam reached 13.35 metres, a ten-year high.[1] This prompted a yellow alert indicating that water levels for the Nandu River downstream of the dam would be around two metres higher than normal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "海口龙塘水库迎10年来最大洪峰[组图]_海南新闻中心_海南在线_海南一家". Archived from the original on 2016-10-08. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
  2. ^ "葛洲坝海南省海口市南渡江引水工程开工-期货频道-和讯网".
  3. ^ Frodesiak, Anna (24 May 2017). "English: Information sign within Longtang Dam's east bank generator building, Hainan, China" – via Wikimedia Commons.

Coordinates: 19°53′09″N 110°25′14″E / 19.885723°N 110.420625°E / 19.885723; 110.420625,