Lord, have mercy upon us (Mendelssohn)

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Lord, have mercy upon us
Herr, sei gnädig
Motet by Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy - Bleistiftzeichnung von Eduard Bendemann 1833.jpg
The composer in 1833
Other name
  • Zum Abendsegen
  • Responses to the Commandments
KeyA minor
Catalogue
Textfrom Book of Common Prayer
Language
  • English
  • German
Composed1833 (1833)
Published1842 (1842)
ScoringSATB choir

Lord, have mercy upon us (in German: Herr, sei gnädig), WoO. 12, MWV B 27,[1] is the incipit of a motet for choir a cappella in both English and German composed by Felix Mendelssohn in 1833. It is also known in English as Responses to the Commandments, and in German as Zum Abendsegen. It was published in 1842, both in English and German, and by Breitkopf & Härtel in 1875 in the complete edition of the composer's works.

History[edit]

Mendelssohn composed the motet in 1833 for use in the Anglican Church.[2] The first line in English is "Lord, have mercy upon us", an anonymous response to the Commandments from the Book of Common Prayer.[3] The motet was published by Ewer in London c. 1842 as Lord Have Mercy upon Us / Responses to the Commandments.[4] In German, the first line is "Herr, sei gnädig unserm Flehn" (Lord, be merciful to our plea).[2] It was published by Bösenberg in Leipzig in an Album für Gesang as Zum Abendsegen (For the evening blessing), which was erroneously translated as To the Evening Service.[4] The motet was published by Breitkopf & Härtel in 1875 in their complete edition of the composer's works.[citation needed]

Text and music[edit]

The text is based on traditional anonymous Responses to the Comandments in the Book of Common Prayer, which read:[5]

Mendelssohn's wording is slightly different: "Herr, sei gnädig unserm Flehn, neig unser Herz zu deinem Wort, und schreibe dein Gebot ins Herz, das dich suchet." (Lord, have mercy to our plea, turn our hearts to your word, and inscribe your commandment in the heart that seeks you.) The music is in one movement in A minor and common time, marked Andante.[6] The piece begins with two long chords like a call, both with fermatas, "Herr! Herr!" (Lord! Lord!). The tenor than begins a theme for a fugal development, reminiscent of the style of Renaissance polyphony,[5] followed by alto, soprano and bass.[6] The words "Herr" and "gnädig" (merciful" are accented by a melisma, the former a rising melody, the latter with an upward tritone for added intensity.[7] A slow chromatic upward scale appears first in the alto in measures 25 and 26, again intesifying "gnädig", repeated by the sopranos. It is immediately followed by "und schreibe dein Gebot ins Herz" (and inscribe your commandment to the heart), the only section in homophony. When this text is repeated, the first theme is used again in imitation, first by the alto. The piece ends with the chromatic scales, now on "Herz" (heart).[6] It has been characterized as with "a poignant intensity arising out of his subtle (and supple) handling of contrapuntally overlapping textures".[5]

Robert Schumann used elements from the theme in the slow movement of his first Piano Trio in D minor, Op. 63.[7] In 1856, Johannes Brahms took elements from both themes in the unpublished Missa canonica which he wrote as a study in counterpoint with Joseph Joachim. He used the theme, broadened in tempo and shortened in notes, on the text is Agnus Dei, also a call for mercy.[7]

Recording[edit]

The motet was recorded, with other motets by Mendelssohn, by the RIAS Kammerchor conducted by Marcus Creed.[8] In 2005, it was recorded by the St John's College Choir Cambridge, conducted by David Hill.[5] The Chamber Choir of Europe recorded it to conclude a collection of Mendelssohn's choral works, conducted by Nicol Matt, in 2006.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wehner, Ralf. Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy: Thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis der musikalischen Werke (MWV) von Ralf Wehner (in German). Saxon Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix, 1809–1847. Lord, have mercy upon us. Library of Congress. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  3. ^ The Book of Common Prayer, Etc. John Baskett. 1719. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b Cooper, John Michael; Mace, Angela R (2001). Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy: A Guide to Research. Psychology Press. p. 271. ISBN 9780815315131.
  5. ^ a b c d e Haylock, Julian (2006). Zum Abendsegen, Op posth. Hyperion Records. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix, 1809–1847. Lord, have mercy upon us. Bärenreiter. 1987.
  7. ^ a b c Reynolds, Christopher A. (2003). Motives for Allusion: Context and Content in Nineteenth-century Music. Harvard University Press. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  8. ^ Chissell, Joan (2000). Mendelssohn Motets. Gramophone. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Mendelssohn: Choral Works (SACD)". brilliantclassics.com. 2006. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  10. ^ Hugill, Robert (May 2012). "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809–1847) / Sacred Choral Works". musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External links[edit]