Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch

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The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry

Louisa Jane Hamilton Masse.jpg
Personal details
Born
Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton

(1836-08-26)26 August 1836
Brighton, Sussex, England
Died16 March 1912(1912-03-16) (aged 75)
Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland
Spouse(s)
Children
ParentsJames Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn
Lady Louisa Jane Russell

Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry VA (26 August 1836 – 16 March 1912) was the daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. In 1884, she became the Duchess of Buccleuch and Duchess of Queensberry, the wife of William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and 8th Duke of Queensberry. She was the paternal grandmother of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and of Marian Louisa, Lady Elmhirst, as well as a maternal great-grandmother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and a great-great-grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York.

Early life, marriage, and family[edit]

Louisa Jane Hamilton was born on Friday 26 August 1836 in Brighton, Sussex, England,[1] the third child of fourteen born to James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, and the former Lady Louisa Russell, daughter of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.[2]

She married William Montagu Douglas Scott, Earl of Dalkeith, on 22 November 1859 in London. Lord Dalkeith was the eldest son of the Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch, and his wife, the former Lady Charlotte Thynne.[2] They had six sons and two daughters:

Career[edit]

She served as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria from 1885 – 1892 (Conservative), and again from 1895 – 1901.[2] She was appointed Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra in 1901,[4] a position in which she served until her death in 1912.[2]

Death[edit]

The duchess died on Saturday 16 March 1912, in her 76th year, at Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland. She was survived by her husband, and six of her children and their families.

She was buried on Wednesday 20 March 1912 in the Buccleuch family crypt in St. Mary's Church, Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland.[1]

Titles, styles, and honours[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 26 August 1836 – 21 November 1859: Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton
  • 22 November 1859 – 15 April 1884: Countess of Dalkeith
  • 16 April 1884 - 1912: Her Grace The Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry[2]

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c G.E. Cokayne, Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 1910-1959, reprint Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000, volume II, pp. 372-373.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999, volume 1, p. 6.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003, volume 1, pp. 562-563.
  4. ^ "No. 27292". The London Gazette. 8 March 1901. p. 1648.
Court offices
Preceded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1885–1886
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Bedford
Preceded by
The Duchess of Bedford
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1886–1892
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe and
The Dowager Duchess of Atholl
Preceded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe and
The Dowager Duchess of Atholl
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1895–1901
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra
1901–1912
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Portland