Lu Yongxiang (engineer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lu Yongxiang
Chinese Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting 2009.jpg
CAS Chairman Lu Yongxiang (right) speaking to GISAID President Peter Bogner (center) and International Academy of Sciences President John Campbell (left) in 2009
Born (1942-04-28) April 28, 1942 (age 78)
Alma materZhejiang University
RWTH Aachen University
Scientific career
FieldsMechanical engineering

Lu Yongxiang (Chinese: 路甬祥; pinyin: Lù Yǒngxiáng; born April 28, 1942) is a Chinese mechanical engineer and politician. He served as President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Vice Chairman of the National People's Congress.


Lu studied in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University (ZJU), and majored in hydrodynamics (hydraulic mechanics). He graduated from ZJU in 1964, and became a lecturer in his department at ZJU. 1979, Lu was an Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow at RWTH Aachen University, West Germany. Lu obtained his doctorate in 1981, based on his dissertation Entwicklung vorgesteuerter Proportionalventile mit 2-Wege-Einbauventil als Stellglied und mit geräteinterner Rückführung. Aachen: Techn. Hochsch.; Diss.; 1981.

In 1981, Lu returned to ZJU and continued his teaching position as a lecturer. He soon was promoted to associate professor and was the research group leader of the Laboratory of Fluid Power Transmission and Control at ZJU. 1983, Lu was promoted to professor, and was the director of the Institute of Fluid Power Transmission and Control, Department of Mechanical Engineering, ZJU. From 1985 to 1987, Lu served as Vice-president of ZJU; and from 1988 to 1995, he was the President of ZJU. Lu is also a part-time professor at Tsinghua University.

Lu was appointed Vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in November 1993. From 1993 to 1997, he was the Executive Vice-president of CAS. From July 1997 to March 2011, he was the President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and also the Executive Chairman of the Presidential Committee of CAS Academic Board (中国科学院学部主席团). Lu has served as a Vice-chairman of National People's Congress.

Academic & educational positions[edit]


  • Vice-president, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), (1993–1997)
  • Executive Vice-president, CAS, (1994–1997)
  • Executive Chairman, the Presidential Committee of CAS Academic Board, (1997–2011)
  • President, CAS, (1997–2011)
  • Vice-president, Chinese Association of Science and Technology (中国科学技术协会), (1986–1996)
  • Chairman, Higher Education Consultative Committee of the State Education Commission, (1990–1994)
  • Director-general (理事长), Chinese Society for the History of Science and Technology (中国科学技术史学会), (1995–2004)
  • Director-general, Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society (中国机械工程学会), (2001–present)
  • Vice-president, Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), (1998–2006)
  • Co-Chair, InterAcademy Council (IAC), (2005–present)


Social & political positions[edit]

  • Vice-chairman, National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, (2003–present)
  • Member, Chief Executive's Commission on Innovation and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, (1998–1999)
  • Special Advisor, Advisory Commission on Innovation and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, (2000–present)

Honors & awards[edit]

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Han Zhenxiang
President of Zhejiang University
Succeeded by
Pan Yunhe
Preceded by
Zhou Guangzhao
President of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Succeeded by
Bai Chunli