macOS Mojave

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macOS 10.14 Mojave
A version of the macOS operating system
macOS 10.14 Mojave wordmark
A screenshot of the desktop
macOS Mojave in dark mode
DeveloperApple Inc.
OS family
Source modelClosed, with open source components
Initial releaseSeptember 24, 2018; 9 months ago (2018-09-24)[1]
Latest release10.14.5[2] (18F132)[3] (May 13, 2019; 42 days ago (2019-05-13)) [±]
Latest preview10.14.6 beta 3[4] (18G59b)[5] (June 24, 2019; 0 days ago (2019-06-24)) [±]
Update methodSoftware Update
Platformsx86-64
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
LicenseAPSL and Apple EULA
Preceded bymacOS 10.13 High Sierra
Succeeded bymacOS 10.15 Catalina
Official websitewww.apple.com/macos/mojave/
Support status
Fully supported. Extended support ends in September 2021. iTunes, in August 2022

macOS Mojave (/mˈhɑːvi, mə-/ mo-HAH-vee) (version 10.14) is the fifteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers. The successor to macOS High Sierra, it was announced at WWDC 2018 on June 4, 2018, and was released to the public on September 24, 2018.[6][7][1]

macOS Mojave brings several iOS apps to the desktop operating system, including Apple News, Voice Memos, and Home. It also includes a much more comprehensive "dark mode", and is the final version of macOS to support 32-bit application software.[8][9]

The operating system's name refers to the Mojave Desert, and is the latest California-themed name in a series that began with OS X Mavericks.[10]

System requirements[edit]

macOS Mojave runs on the following Macintosh computers:[11]

macOS Mojave requires at least 2 GB of RAM and at least 12.5 GB of available disk space to upgrade from OS X El Capitan, macOS Sierra, or macOS High Sierra and at least 18.5 GB of available disk space to upgrade from OS X Yosemite and earlier releases.[12]

macOS Mojave drops support for many older Mac models because it relies on Metal, which requires Intel HD and Iris Graphics 4000 series or newer, AMD GCN-based GPUs, or Nvidia Kepler-based GPUs or newer. However, Apple has not approved NVIDIA Web drivers for their metal capable GPUs that currently work under macOS High Sierra on the Mid 2010 and Mid 2012 'cheesegrater' Mac Pro.

System updates[edit]

APFS[edit]

When Mojave is installed, it will convert solid-state drives (SSDs), hard disk drives (HDDs), and Fusion Drives, from HFS Plus to APFS. On Fusion Drives using APFS, files will be moved to the SSD based on the file's frequency of use and its SSD performance profile. APFS will also store all metadata for a Fusion Drive's file system on the SSD.[13]

Deprecation of OpenGL and OpenCL[edit]

As of macOS Mojave, OpenGL and OpenCL are deprecated. They are still supported by the operating system, but will no longer be maintained; developers are encouraged to use Apple's Metal library instead.[14]

OpenGL is a cross-platform graphics framework designed to support a wide range of processors. Apple chose OpenGL in the late 1990s to build support for software graphics rendering into the Mac, after abandoning QuickDraw 3D. At the time, moving to OpenGL allowed Apple to take advantage of existing libraries that enabled hardware acceleration on a variety of different GPUs. As time went on, Apple has shifted its efforts towards building its own hardware platforms for mobile and desktop use. Metal makes use of the homogenized hardware by abandoning abstraction layer and running on the "bare metal". Metal reduces CPU load, shifting more tasks to the GPU. It reduces driver overhead and improves multithreading, allowing every CPU thread to send commands to the GPU.[15]

macOS does not natively support Vulkan, the industry's official successor to OpenGL. The MoltenVK library can be used as a bridge, translating most of the Vulkan 1.0 API into to the Metal API.[16][17] In particular, Valve successfully uses MoltenVK for its Dota 2 game.[18]

32-bit application warnings[edit]

In macOS High Sierra (10.13.4), a warning is issued the first time a 32-bit macOS application (shortened to app) is opened that 32-bit apps will not be supported in future updates. In macOS Mojave, this alert appears once every 30 days when launching the app, as the next version of macOS will not support them.[9]

Application permissions[edit]

New data protections require applications to get permission from the user before using the Mac camera and microphone or accessing system data like user Mail history and Messages database.[19]

Default applications[edit]

Finder[edit]

Finder now has metadata preview accessed via View > Show Preview, and many other updates,[20] including a Gallery View (replacing Cover Flow) that lets users browse through files visually.[21] After a screenshot is taken, as with iOS, the image appears in the corner of the display. The screenshot software can now record video, choose where to save files, and be opened via shift + cmd 5.[22]

FaceTime[edit]

macOS 10.14.1, released on October 30, 2018, adds Group FaceTime, which lets users chat with up to 32 people at the same time, using video or audio from an iPhone, iPad or Mac, or audio from Apple Watch. Participants can join in mid-conversation.[23]

Safari[edit]

Safari's Tracking Prevention features now prevent social media "Like" or "Share" buttons and comment widgets from tracking users without permission. The browser also sends less information to web servers about the user's system, reducing the chance of being tracked based on system configuration.[24] It can also automatically create, autofill, and store strong passwords when users create new online accounts; it also flags reused passwords so users can change them.[25]

App Store[edit]

Mac App Store was rewritten from the ground up and features a new interface and editorial content, similar to the iOS App Store. A new 'Discover' tab highlights new and updated apps; Create, Work, Play and Develop tabs help users find apps for a specific project or purpose.[26]

Screenshot[edit]

A new Screenshot app was added to macOS Mojave to replace the Grab app. Screenshot can capture a selected area, window or the entire screen as well as screen record a selected area or the entire display. Screenshot is located in /Applications/Utilities/Screenshot.app, same as the Grab app. Screenshot can also be accessed by pressing ⇧ Shift+⌘ Command+5.

DVD Player[edit]

The DVD Player app was updated in macOS Mojave with minor UI changes and a new icon. DVD Player is now located in /System/Library/CoreServices/Applications/DVD Player.app in macOS Mojave. In macOS High Sierra and older versions, DVD Player was located in /Applications/DVD Player.app.

iOS apps ported to macOS[edit]

Four new apps (News, Stocks, Voice Memos and Home) are ported to macOS Mojave from iOS, with Apple implementing a subset of UIKit on the desktop OS.[27] Third-party developers will be able to port iOS applications to macOS in 2019.[28]

With Home, Mac users can control their HomeKit-enabled accessories to do things like turn lights off and on or adjust thermostat settings. Voice Memos lets users record personal notes, lectures, meetings, interviews and song ideas, and access them from iPhone, iPad or Mac. Stocks delivers curated market news alongside a personalized watchlist, with quotes and charts.[29]

User interface[edit]

Dark mode and accent colors[edit]

Dark mode changes the desktop to a darkened color scheme, putting the focus on user content while interface elements and controls recede into the background.[citation needed] Built-in apps like Mail, Messages, Maps, Calendar and Photos include Dark mode designs. App developers can implement Dark mode in their apps via a public API.[30]

A limited dark mode that affected only the Dock, menu bar, and drop-down menus was previously introduced in OS X Yosemite.[8]

Desktop[edit]

Stacks, a feature introduced in Mac OS X Leopard, now lets users group desktop files into groups based on file attributes such as file kind, date last opened, date modified, date created, name and tags.[21][22] This is accessed via View > Use Stacks.[20]

Dynamic Desktop picture[edit]

macOS Mojave features a new Dynamic Desktop that automatically changes specially made desktop backgrounds (two of which are included)[31] to match the time of day.[32]

Dock[edit]

The Dock has a space for recently used apps that have not previously been added to the Dock.[20]

Preferences[edit]

macOS update functionality has been moved back to System Preferences from the Mac App Store.[20][33] In OS X Mountain Lion (10.8), system and app updates moved to the App Store from Software Update.

Reception[edit]

On September 24, 2018, Andrew Cunningham wrote for Ars Technica that productivity improvements are "probably the biggest since El Capitan reworked the operating system's window management" and that Mojave "continues High Sierra's foundational work on the operating system.[34]

Releases[edit]

Previous release Current release Beta
Version Build Date Darwin Release Notes Standalone download
10.14 18A391 September 24, 2018 18.0.0 Original Mac App Store release
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14
N/A
10.14.1 18B75 October 30, 2018 18.2.0
xnu-4903.221.2~2
About the macOS Mojave 10.14.1 Update
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.1
macOS Mojave 10.14.1 Update
18B2107 October 30, 2018 Added support for the new Vega GPUs in the MacBook Pro and MacBook Air
18B3094
10.14.2 18C54 December 5, 2018 18.2.0
xnu-4903.231.4~2
About the macOS Mojave 10.14.2 Update
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.2
macOS Mojave 10.14.2 Update
macOS Mojave 10.14.2 Combo Update
10.14.3 18D42 January 22, 2019 18.2.0
xnu-4903.241.1~1
About the macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Update
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.3
macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Update
macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Combo Update
18D43 January 25, 2019
18D109 February 7, 2019 About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Supplemental Update macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Supplemental Update
10.14.4 18E226 March 25, 2019 18.5.0 xnu-4903.251.3~3 About the macOS Mojave 10.14.4 Update
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.4
macOS Mojave 10.14.4 Update
macOS Mojave 10.14.4 Combo Update
18E227
10.14.5 18F132 May 13, 2019 18.6.0 xnu-4903.261.4~2 About the macOS Mojave 10.14.5 Update
About the security content of macOS Mojave 10.14.5
macOS Mojave 10.14.5 Update
macOS Mojave 10.14.5 Combo Update
10.14.6 Beta 3 18G59b June 24, 2019

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Juli Clover (September 24, 2018). "Apple Releases macOS Mojave With Dark Mode, Stacks, Dynamic Desktop and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  2. ^ Juli Clover (May 13, 2019). "Apple Releases macOS Mojave 10.14.5 With AirPlay 2 Support". MacRumors. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  3. ^ "macOS Mojave 10.14.5 (18F132) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  4. ^ Juli Clover (June 24, 2019). "Apple Seeds Third Beta of macOS Mojave 10.14.6 to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  5. ^ "macOS Mojave 10.14.6 beta 3 (18G59b) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  6. ^ "Watch the Apple WWDC Special Event". Apple. Archived from the original on June 4, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
  7. ^ "Apple introduces macOS Mojave". Apple Newsroom (Press release). Archived from the original on June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Miller, Chance. "Hands-on with dark mode in macOS 10.14 Mojave [Gallery]". 9to5Mac.
  9. ^ a b "Apple Support - 32-bit app compatibility with macOS High Sierra 10.13.4 and later". Apple Support. September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  10. ^ "Apple is changing how its Macs work. Here's how". The Independent. Archived from the original on June 9, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  11. ^ "How to upgrade to macOS Mojave - Apple Support". Apple Support.
  12. ^ "Upgrade to macOS Mojave - Official Apple Support". Apple Support.
  13. ^ Cunningham, Andrew (September 24, 2018). "macOS 10.14 Mojave: The Ars Technica review". "APFS updates for hard drives and Fusion Drives".
  14. ^ Casella, Anthony (June 5, 2018). "OpenGL and OpenCL to be deprecated in iOS 12 and macOS Mojave". iMore.
  15. ^ Dilger, Daniel E. (June 28, 2018). "Why macOS Mojave requires Metal — and deprecates OpenGL". Apple Insider. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  16. ^ "Vulkan is coming to macOS and iOS, but no thanks to Apple". Ars Technica. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  17. ^ Oh, Nate. "Bringing Vulkan to Apple's Platforms: Khronos Group Announces Open Source MoltenVK 1.0 & SDKs". Anandtech. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  18. ^ Larabel, Michael (February 26, 2018). "Vulkan Is Now Available On macOS/iOS By MoltenVK Being Open-Sourced, Vulkan SDK for Mac". Phoronix. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  19. ^ "Apple Details Upcoming Privacy and Security Protections in macOS Mojave". Archived from the original on June 6, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d John Martellaro (September 26, 2018). "Apple's macOS Mojave: A User Perspective & Review".
  21. ^ a b "MacOS Mojave Announced, Checkout the New Features". OS X Daily. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on June 7, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  22. ^ a b Callum Booth. "We ranked macOS Mojave's new features from best to worst". The Next Web.
  23. ^ Juli Clover (October 30, 2018). "Apple Releases macOS 10.14.1 With Group FaceTime and New Emoji". MacRumors. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  24. ^ "New Safari privacy features on MacOS Mojave and iOS 12 crack down on nosy websites". CNET. June 5, 2018. Archived from the original on June 6, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  25. ^ "Apple puts privacy and security foremost in iOS 12, macOS Mojave". MacWorld. Archived from the original on June 9, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  26. ^ "Apple is redesigning the Mac App Store in macOS Mojave". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 4, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  27. ^ "New apps added in macOS Mojave: Apple News, Stocks, Home, and Voice Memos". 9to5Mac. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on June 9, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  28. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (June 4, 2018). "Apple will let developers port iOS apps to macOS in 2019". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 4, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  29. ^ "Apple's Home app is coming to MacOS Mojave". CNET. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on June 7, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  30. ^ Balakrishnan, Anita; Salinas, Sara (June 4, 2018). "Apple reveals MacOS Mojave and desktop dark mode". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  31. ^ Gallagher, William (October 1, 2018). "How to create your own Dynamic Desktops in macOS Mojave". AppleInsider. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  32. ^ Fingas, Jon (June 4, 2018). "macOS Mojave's dark mode makes late-night computing less painful". Engadget. Archived from the original on June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  33. ^ Hardwick, Tim (June 5, 2018). "macOS 10.14 Mojave Removes Software Update Mechanism From the Mac App Store and Returns it to System Preferences". MacRumors. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  34. ^ Cunningham, Andrew (September 24, 2018). "macOS 10.14 Mojave: The Ars Technica review". "Conclusions: The Mac's best update in years".

External links[edit]