Macorix language

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Macorix
Mazorij
Native toDominican Republic, possibly neighboring Haiti
Regiontwo populations: northern coast, bordering the Peninsula of Samaná
EthnicityMacorix
Extinct16th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone
Languages of the Caribbean.png
Precolombian languages of the Antilles.
  Macorix
Ciboney Taíno, Classic Taíno, and Iñeri were Arawakan, Karina and Yao were Cariban. Guanahatabey, Ciguayo, and Macorix are unclassified.

Macorix (also rendered Macorís and Mazorij) was the language of the northern coast of what is today the Dominican Republic. Spanish accounts only refer to three languages on the island: Taino, Macorix, and neighboring Ciguayo. The Macorix people appear to have been semi-sedentary and their presence seems to have predated the agricultural Taino who came to occupy much of the island. For the early European writers, they shared similarities with the nearby Ciguayos.[1] Their language appears to have been moribund at the time of the Spanish Conquest, and within a century it was extinct.[2]

Little is known of Macorix apart from it being a distinct language from Taino and neighboring Ciguayo. A negative form, baeza [baˈesa], is the only element of the language that is directly attested. Baeza could be Arawakan (though not Taino or Iñeri), analyzable as ba-ésa 'no-thing' = 'nothing'. (Cf. Manao ma-esa 'no, not', Paresis ma-isa 'not'. The negative prefix is ba- in Amarakaeri which, even if it is related to the Arawakan languages, is not close enough to be relevant here.)

There are also some non-Taino toponyms from the area that Granberry & Vescelius (2004) suggest may be Waroid:

Possible Macorix toponyms[3]
Name Warao parallel Warao meaning
Baho (river) baho-ro 'shroud, dense (forest)'
Bahoruco (region) baho-ro-eku 'within the forest'
Mana (river) mana 'two, double'
Haina (river) ha-ina 'many nets'
Saona (island) sa-ona 'full of bats'

(Cf. a similar list at Guanahatabey language.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ García Bidó, Rafael (2010). Voces de bohío Vocabulario de la cultura taína. Santo Domingo, DR: Archivo General de la Nación. pp. 7, 25, 32. ISBN 978-9945-020-95-3.
  2. ^ Wilson, Samuel M. (1999). Cultural Pluralism and the Emergence of Complex Society in the Greater Antilles. XVIII International Congress for Caribbean Archaeology. St. George's, Grenada: University of Texas, Department of Anthropology. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
  3. ^ Granberry & Vescelius (2004:76, Table 6)
  • Granberry, Julian, & Gary Vescelius (2004) Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles, University Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, ISBN 0-8173-5123-X