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Madhya laya or Madhyalaya is a medium tempo of a rhythm in Indian classical music.[1][2] While Madhya laya is sometimes confused with Vilambit and vice versa, it is about two beats per second. According to some scholars, Madhya laya is visible in three phase:

Madhya + Vilambit, Madhya + Madhya, Madhya + Drut.

It could be said that what is characterized as Chhanda in first felt in Madhya tempo. Chhanda can be defined as generations of a definite, repetitive line of recognizable duration that bestows a definite length on the concerned tonal phase.

Madhya + Vilamvit = Known as ‘Dagur ki badhat’ consists of embellishments and chikari works.

Madhaya + Madhya = Also known as ‘Madhya Jod’ or ‘Barabar ki jod’ abundantly consists of musical embellishment known as ‘Gamaka’. In ‘tata’ instruments, fretwork is on the increase in the phase.

Madhya + Drut= The phase is also known as ‘Ladi ki jod’. It has a faster tempo than the Madhaya + Madhya.

Taals used in madhya laya include Jhaptal, Teental, Tilwada, Rupak and Keherwa.

See also[edit]


3. Music Context: A Concise Dictionary of Hindusthani Music - Ashoke Damodar Ranade