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Sunset at Siying Rainbow Bridge in Magong
Sunset at Siying Rainbow Bridge in Magong
Official seal of Magong
Magong City in Penghu County
Magong City in Penghu County
Magong is located in Taiwan
Location in the Republic of China
Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
ProvinceTaiwan Province (streamlined)
CountyPenghu County
 • Mayor (市長)Yeh Zhulin (葉竹林)
 • Total33.9918 km2 (13.1243 sq mi)
 (December 2014)
 • Total60,335
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Magong City
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese馬公
Literal meaningHorse Lord
Port Magong
Traditional Chinese媽宮澳
Literal meaningPort of the Mother's Palace
Japanese name

Magong (Hokkien POJ: Má-keng) is a county-administered city and seat of Penghu County, Taiwan. Magong City is located on Penghu's main island.


The settlement's temple honoring the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, is usually accounted the oldest in all of Taiwan and Penghu.[1] The town was originally named Makeng (Chinese: 媽宮; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Má-keng; lit.: 'mother's palace') but was changed to Bakō / Makō (馬公) during Japanese rule in 1920,[citation needed] and was the center of the Mako Guard District.

After 1945, the Wade-Giles romanization Makung was used. Taiwan officially adopted Tongyong Pinyin in 2002 and Hanyu Pinyin in 2009, leading to the romanization Magong.


The island's Mazu temple was erected in the late 16th or early 17th century. The city Magong'ao began to grow around 1887, during the rule of the Qing dynasty.

Under Japanese rule, the settlement was renamed Makō and organized as a subprefecture of Hōko. The area was a major base of the Imperial Japanese Navy. It was an embarkation point for the invasion of the Philippines during the Second World War.

On 25 December 1981, Makung was upgraded from an urban township to a county-controlled city.


Map of Magong (labeled as MAKŌ (Makyu)) and surrounding area (1944)
Map including Magong (labeled as Makung (Bakō)) (1950)

Magong City contains 33 municipal villages (; ):[2]

(Romanizations are in Hanyu Pinyin)
  • Fuxing (復興里)
  • Chang'an (長安里)
  • Zhongyang (中央里)
  • Qiming (啟明里)
  • Chongqing (重慶里)
  • Zhongxing (中興里)
  • Guangfu (光復里)
  • Guangming (光明里)
  • Guangrong (光榮里)
  • Chaoyang (朝陽里)
  • Yangming (陽明里)
  • Chongguang (重光里)
  • Xiwei (西衛里)
  • Xiwen (西文里)
  • Dongwen (東文里)
  • Anshan (案山里)
  • Guanghua (光華里)
  • Qianliao (前寮里)
  • Shiquan (石泉里)
  • Caiyuan (菜園里)
  • Dongwei (東衛里)
  • Anzhe (安宅里)
  • Xingren (興仁里)
  • Wukan (烏崁里)
  • Tiexian (鐵線里)
  • Suogang (鎖港里)
  • Shanshui (山水里)
  • Wude (五德里)
  • Jing'an (井垵里)
  • Shili (時里奇)
  • Fenggui (風櫃里)
  • Hujing (虎井里) centred on Hujing Islet
  • Tongpan (桶盤里) centred on Tongpan Island

Government institutions[edit]



Hujing Power Plant

The city is powered by the Hujing Power Plant located on Table Island.


Magong has a very warm humid subtropical climate under the Köppen system. Due to the maritime influence, diurnal temperature variation is very low, but in spite of being right on the boundary with the tropics and having 15 °C (59 °F) winter lows it falls short of being such a climate. This is courtesy of the influence of the cool Asian landmass and prevailing winds in winter. As a result, the coldest month just falls short of the 18 °C (64 °F) isotherm. In summer, Magong receives monsoonal rainfall with moderated but hot temperatures. While afternoons most often stay in the low 30's Celsius, nights remain above 25 °C (77 °F) for several months. It is drier than many mainland areas of Taiwan, although it still frequently is cloudy.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Central Street in the old town of Magong
Mazu Temple


Magong Airport operates domestic flights and Magong Harbor hosts ferry connections to Kaohsiung, Tainan, Chiayi and Kinmen.

Notable natives[edit]


  1. ^ "History". Magong City Office. Archived from the original on 2014-04-08.
  2. ^ 里鄰介紹. 澎湖縣馬公市公所 Magong City Office, Penghu County (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  3. ^ 中央氣象局 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-03-17.

External links[edit]