Mamasa language

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Native toIndonesia
Native speakers
(100,000 cited 1991)[1]
  • Northern Mamasa
  • Central Mamasa
  • Pattae'
Language codes
ISO 639-3mqj

Mamasa is an Austronesian language of Sulawesi, Indonesia.


Three dialects can be distinguished:[3]

  • Northern Mamasa
  • Central Mamasa
  • Pattae'

Speakers of Pattae' are a culturally distinct ethnic group traditionally more affiliated to the Mandar people than to speakers of the Northern and Central Mamasa dialects in the interior, and for that reason Pattae' is considered by its speakers to be a language separate from Mamasa proper (i.e. Northern and Central Mamasa).


Mamasa has the following consonants and vowels:[4]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voice b d g
Fricative s
Nasals m n ŋ
Lateral l
Trills r
Semivowels w y
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a


  1. ^ Mamasa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mamasa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "The Mamasa Language". Sulawesi Language Alliance. Retrieved 14 Dec 2017.
  4. ^ Smith, Beverly Kean (1993), A phonological reconstruction of Proto-Pitu Ulunna Salu, OCLC 840034799

Further reading[edit]