Mandubii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Mandubii (singular masculine: Mandubius, singular feminine: Mandubia) were a small Gallic tribe, dwelling near their capital Alesia, within the Haux-Aixois region (in modern Côte-d'Or) during the late La Tène period.[1]

Name[edit]

An oppidum Mandubiorum is mentioned by Caesar (mid-1st c. BC),[2] and the tribe is designated as Mandoubíōn (Μανδουβίων) by Strabo (early 1st c. AD).[3][4]

The name Mandubii stems from Gaulish mandus ('poney').[5]

Geography[edit]

The territory of the Mandubii was located in the Haux-Aixois region, between the settlements of Alesia in the north, Blessey in the east, Braux in the west, and Sombernon in the southeast.[6] During the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus, their small territory was incorporated into the Lingonian territory.[1] In the unstable period following the death of Nero in 68 AD, the Mandubii were excluded from the Lingonian territory and attached to the Aedui.[6]

History[edit]

Mandubian ceramics are attested in Villaines-les-Prévôtes by the 2nd century BC. While under the influence of the neighbouring and more powerful Aedui and Lingones, the Mandubii benefited from a relative autonomy (at least economic and cultural) before the Roman conquest.[7]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barral, Philippe; Guillaumet, Jean-Paul; Nouvel, Pierre (2002). Garcia, D.; Verdin, F. (eds.). "Le territoire des Éduens d'après les dernières découvertes". Territoires celtiques, espaces ethniques et territoire des agglomérations d'Europe occidentale, actes du XXIV° congrès de l'AFEAF, Martigues, 1er - 4 juin 2000. Errance: 271–296.
  • Delamarre, Xavier (2003). Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental (in French). Errance. ISBN 9782877723695.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Falileyev, Alexander (2010). Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-names: A Celtic Companion to the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. CMCS. ISBN 978-0955718236.