Manenguba language

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Native toCameroon
EthnicityBakossi, Mbo, Bakaka, Bassossi
Native speakers
(180,000 cited 1995–2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
mbo – Mbo
bss – Akoose
bqz – Kaka (Central Mbo)
bsi – Sosi

Manenguba, also known as Ngoe or the Mbo cluster, is a Bantu language spoken in Cameroon. It is a language spoken by several related peoples.

The name Manenguba is the mountain range the speakers live on. Ngoe is their legendary ancestor and the last King of the Manenguba people before the creation of Cameroon is King Ekandjoum Joseph.


King Ekandjoum Joseph wrote books [1] about his people called Mungo people or Sawa, and his kingdom called Moungo.

The dialects in the cluster are:[3][4]

  • Koose (Akɔɔse, Bakossi)
    The principal languages
    Mbo (Mbo/Mbô'o, Sambo)
    Kaka (Bakaka, Bakaa)
    Sosi (Bassossi)
    There are many loan words from English, French and Douala.[5] When speaking of technical subjects, speakers will often revert to Pidgin English or English.[6]


  1. ^ Mbo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Akoose at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kaka (Central Mbo) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Sosi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Manenguba". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ According to Hedinger (1987), the Bafaw-Balong language included in Guthrie zone A.15 for cultural reasons needs to be excluded from Manenguba on linguistic grounds; Maho (2009) separates it as A.141.
  5. ^ "The Bakossi Language". Bakossi Cultural & Development Association. Archived from the original on 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  6. ^ Anne Schröder (2003). Status, functions, and prospects of Pidgin English: an empirical approach to language dynamics in Cameroon, Volume 1. Gunter Narr Verlag. p. 66. ISBN 3-8233-5821-9.

5. King Ekandjoum,Joseph, Hedinger, Robert (1987), The Manenguba Languages (Bantu A. 15, Mbo Cluster) of Cameroon

External links[edit]