|United States Senator
January 3, 2001
Serving with Patty Murray
|Preceded by||Slade Gorton|
|Ranking Member of the
Senate Energy Committee
January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Lisa Murkowski|
|Chair of the
Senate Small Business Committee
February 12, 2014 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Mary Landrieu|
|Succeeded by||David Vitter|
|Chair of the
Senate Indian Affairs Committee
January 3, 2013 – February 12, 2014
|Preceded by||Daniel Akaka|
|Succeeded by||Jon Tester|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 1st district
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||John Miller|
|Succeeded by||Rick White|
|Member of the Washington House of Representatives
from the Position 1, 44th legislative district
January 12, 1987 – January 11, 1993
|Preceded by||Jeanine Long|
|Succeeded by||Jeanine Long|
|Born||Maria Elaine Cantwell
October 13, 1958
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
|Education||Miami University (BA)|
Maria Elaine Cantwell // (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington, serving since 2001. A Democrat, she previously served in the Washington House of Representatives from 1987 to 1993 and then in the United States House of Representatives from Washington's 1st congressional district from 1993 to 1995, after which she worked as an executive for RealNetworks. She is Washington's second female senator, after Patty Murray.
Cantwell is the Ranking Member on the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. While Democrats were in the majority, she was Chair of the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship from 2014 to 2015 and of the Committee on Indian Affairs from 2013 to 2014.
Upon the February 2017 resignation of Jeff Sessions to become United States Attorney General, Cantwell became the most senior junior Senator.
- 1 Early life, education, and early political career
- 2 Washington House of Representatives (1987–1993)
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives (1993–1995)
- 4 Private sector employment (1995–1999)
- 5 U.S. Senate (2001–Present)
- 6 Electoral history
- 7 Personal life
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Early life, education, and early political career
Cantwell was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. She was raised in a predominantly Irish-American neighborhood on the south side of Indianapolis. Her father, Paul F. Cantwell, served as county commissioner, city councilman, state legislator, and Chief of Staff for U.S. Representative Andrew Jacobs, Jr. Her mother, Rose M., was an administrative assistant. Her ancestry includes Irish and German.
She attended Emmerich Manual High School and was inducted into the Indianapolis Public Schools Hall of Fame in 2006. After high school, Cantwell attended Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where she earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Public Administration.
She moved to Seattle, Washington in 1983 to campaign for U.S. Senator Alan Cranston (D-CA) in his unsuccessful bid for the 1984 Democratic Presidential nomination. She then moved to the Seattle suburb of Mountlake Terrace because it reminded her of Indianapolis, and led a successful campaign in 1986 to build a new library there. Cantwell now lives in Edmonds, Washington.
Washington House of Representatives (1987–1993)
In 1986, Cantwell was elected to the Washington State House of Representatives at the age of 28. In her campaign, she embarked on an extensive door-knocking effort in her district. She defeated George Dahlquist 54%–46%. In 1988, she won re-election to a second term with 66% of the vote. In 1990, she won re-election to a third term with 61% of the vote.
As a state representative, she helped write Washington's Growth Management Act of 1990, which required cities to develop comprehensive growth plans, and she negotiated its passage. She also worked on legislation regulating nursing homes.
- Growth Strategies Commission
U.S. House of Representatives (1993–1995)
In the November election, Cantwell defeated Republican State Senator Gary Nelson 55%–42%. She became the first Democrat elected to the United States House of Representatives from Washington's first congressional district in 40 years.
She was called a "savvy, pro-business Democrat." She supported President Clinton's 1993 budget, which raised taxes and passed despite receiving 'No' votes from many of her Democratic colleagues. During her only term, she helped convince the Clinton administration to drop its support of the Clipper chip. She wrote a letter to Vice President Al Gore and staunchly opposed it because Microsoft Inc. was in her district. She voted in support of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Private sector employment (1995–1999)
After her defeat, Cantwell vowed to leave politics. Political ally Rob Glaser offered her a job as vice president of marketing for RealNetworks. Among her accomplishments was the live internet streaming broadcast of a Mariners-Yankees baseball game in 1995.
U.S. Senate (2001–Present)
At the urging of party activists and officials, Cantwell formed an exploratory committee in October 1999 to consider a run for United States Senate against Democrat Deborah Senn and incumbent Republican Slade Gorton. She committed to run for the position on January 19, 2000. Cantwell entered the campaign a year after Senn; she quickly lost the endorsements by the Washington State Labor Council and NARAL to Senn. Early on, privacy became an issue. Senn cited her record protecting medical privacy as insurance commissioner. Cantwell promoted internet privacy and cited her opposition to the Clipper chip. In her television advertisement late in the campaign, Senn accused Cantwell of avoiding debates. Cantwell had agreed to two debates; Senn preferred more. They ended up having three debates, during which the candidates harshly attacked each other. Senn attacked RealNetworks and Cantwell's role in the company. Cantwell accused Senn of wanting to run against RealNetworks and said that Senn was uninformed on internet issues. Cantwell secured the endorsements of the Seattle Times, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, the Spokesman-Review, and the News Tribune. She easily won her party's nomination, defeating Senn 3–1 in the primary. Although he won renomination, Slade Gorton got fewer votes than Cantwell and Senn's combined total. Cantwell cited this result as evidence that Washington was ready for a change.
Social security, prescription drugs, dams, and campaign finance reform were among the most important issues in Cantwell's race against Gorton. Cantwell also adopted the slogan, "your voice for a change," a veiled reference to Gorton's campaign theme in 1980, challenging incumbent Warren Magnuson's age. She claimed Gorton supported "19th century solutions to 21st century problems." Cantwell won the endorsements of The Seattle Times and the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, the state's two biggest newspapers. Gorton won the endorsements of the smaller Tri-City Herald and the News Tribune. At times the campaign was accused of pettiness. After a Cantwell campaign worker deep-linked to a humorous photo on the Gorton website, Gorton accused Cantwell's campaign of hacking his website, and Senn accused Cantwell of hypocrisy. "Fiddling with people's websites and calling it good fun ... adds a very childish and unworthy character to the race," said Senn's campaign spokeswoman Barbara Stenson. Cantwell spent over $10 million of her own money on her campaign, pledging not to accept money from PACs. When RealNetworks stock declined at the end of 2000, she spent time raising funds for debt retirement, although she kept her pledge not to accept PAC money, as documented by the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics. In the waning weeks of the 2000 campaign, the Federal Election Commission ruled that Cantwell violated federal campaign finance law by securing $3.8 million in bank loans for her campaign and failing to properly disclose the loans until January 30, 2001. The complaint alleged that Cantwell had received a $600,000 line of credit without sufficient collateral and another $1,000,000, all at a preferential interest rate. After review, the Federal Election Commission sent a letter of admonishment, saying that the loans were "made on a basis that assures repayment and that each loan bore the usual and customary interest rate."
The election results were extremely close. Early on, Cantwell enjoyed a lead, and TV networks projected a Cantwell victory. As absentee ballots streamed in, Gorton overtook Cantwell and achieved a lead of 15,000 votes. When the heavily Democratic Puget Sound region finished counting ballots and the county totals were certified on November 23, Cantwell had regained the lead by 1,953 votes out of 2.5 million cast, about 0.08%. A mandatory recount increased her lead to 2,229 votes, or 0.09%. Cantwell and Debbie Stabenow of Michigan became the third and fourth women to defeat incumbent senators, following Kay Bailey Hutchison's 1993 and Dianne Feinstein's 1992 special-election victories.
The close 2004 gubernatorial race between Democrat Christine Gregoire and Republican Dino Rossi suggested to many that the 2006 contest might go either way. Both Cantwell and her opponent Republican Mike McGavick dominated their primaries; initial speculation favored a Republican victory. "At one point," wrote analyst Larry Sabato, "all the talk in this race concerned Cantwell's cool relations with anti-war Democratic elements and McGavick's relatively united base. But Democrats appear to have closed ranks behind their junior senator." Cantwell ended up winning re-election by a 16-point margin, even winning several traditionally Republican counties in Eastern Washington including Spokane County.
During the 2006 campaign, Cantwell received heavy criticism for declining most of the invitations she received to debate McGavick in public forums. Media outlets across the state, including The Olympian and the Yakima Herald-Republic, rebuked Cantwell, claiming she was afraid to confront McGavick, calling it "unacceptable" and "simply not fair." Cantwell agreed to a total of two debates with her opponent in Seattle and Spokane, lasting 60 and 30 minutes, respectively. However, when Cantwell ran for Senate in 2000 as a challenger against the incumbent Slade Gorton, Gorton also agreed to only two debates of a similar format. Similarly, when Washington's senior senator, Patty Murray, ran for reelection in 2004, she agreed to only two debates with George Nethercutt, although each debate lasted one hour.
While she scores high on a progressive chart from ProgressivePunch.org, Cantwell has cast several controversial votes during her time in the Senate that have created friction between her and other members of the Democratic Party.
In 2005, she wrote a letter in support of the Perkins Loan program, and told the Seattle Times in July 2006 that she is opposed to Social Security privatization. Cantwell cosponsored the "Pension Fairness and Full Disclosure Act of 2005".
In the summer of 2005, Cantwell voted for the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), which angered many who opposed free trade agreements. Others argued that due to the state's unique economy, any senator from Washington almost had to vote for free trade pacts.
Citing his potential views on abortion and the environment, Cantwell was one of 22 senators to vote against United States Supreme Court nominee John Roberts. In January 2006, after publicly announcing her opposition to Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito, Cantwell, along with 18 other Democrats and all 53 present Republicans, voted for the cloture motion. The success of this motion ended an unlikely attempt to filibuster the confirmation of Judge Alito that was being led by Senator John Kerry and Senator Ted Kennedy. Alito was confirmed the next day by a vote of 58–42, with most Democrats, including Cantwell, voting against the confirmation.
Cantwell voted in September 2010 to invoke cloture to begin debate on the don't ask, don't tell policy in the military.
On the issue of the Iraq war, on October 11, 2002 Cantwell voted in favor of the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq. Her October 10, 2002, press release, however, quotes her as stating on the floor of the U.S. Senate, "... Mr. President, my vote for this resolution does not mean that I am convinced of the Administration has answered all the questions. I believe the following issues must be addressed before the U.N. or the U.S. move forward with military action." Cantwell detailed six specific areas in which her questions and concerns had yet to be satisfactorily addressed at the time of her vote to authorize war: "First: Continued Multilateral Approach ... Second: Successful Military Strategy ... Third: A Postwar Commitment Strategy ... Fourth: Fighting the Broader War on Terrorism ... Fifth: Maintaining Middle East Stability ... Sixth: Protecting Iraqi Civilians."
In 2006 Cantwell voted against the Kerry-Feingold Amendment to S.2766, which would have set a timetable for withdrawal, but she voted in favor of the Levin-Reed Amendment, which would encourage beginning a phased withdrawal by the end of the year, with no timetable for completion.
In May 2006, Cantwell, along with 38 of 44 Senate Democrats, voted in favor of the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006 (S. 2611). This controversial legislation includes provisions to improve border security, increases fines and other punishments for employers of illegal immigrants, creation of a guest worker program (which includes an almost doubling of the number of H1-B visas), and creates a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants already in the country. The bill, with support from Republican Party leadership, passed 62–36. Debate would have also commenced on the DREAM Act, though this was halted due to a Republican filibuster.
Health care reform
Cantwell supports health care reform in the United States and was a co-sponsor of Senator Ron Wyden's (D-OR) Healthy Americans Act. In her role as a member of the Finance Committee, she had an influential role in crafting health care reform legislation. On September 29, 2009, when the Finance Committee considered health care reform legislation, Cantwell supported amendments to establish a public health care option that would compete with private insurers.
In 2009, The Stranger ran an article on Cantwell's opposition to the inclusion of a public option in the health-care reform plan. They reported that: “Seattle congressman Jim McDermott supports it. Washington senator Patty Murray wants it. So does President Barack Obama. So does the often conservative Seattle Times editorial page. So do 72 percent of Americans, according to a recent poll. So what's going on with Washington's junior senator, Maria Cantwell? Why doesn't she want Congress to include a public option—a new government-run health-care plan that will be available to everyone and will compete with private insurance companies to bring down costs—in its health-care-reform package?” Cantwell cited her concerns with getting the bill through the United States Senate as the reason for her opposition.
In addition to her opposition to drilling in the Alaskan National Wildlife Refuge, Cantwell has been one of the most vocal critics of the increase of oil and gasoline prices during 2008. Advocating increased regulation of futures markets and windfall profits taxes on oil profits, Cantwell has drawn scathing criticism from the Wall Street Journal. In December 2005, Cantwell scored what many perceived as one of the strongest victories of her first term when she blocked Alaska senator Ted Stevens' efforts to allow drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Stevens attached the measure to a bill that provided money for defense spending and Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts. Cantwell managed to round up the votes of 41 Democrats and 2 Republicans, enough to block a final vote. Stevens removed the ANWR drilling measure from the larger bill, but promised to bring the matter up at a later date.
In 2004 Cantwell received the highest rating possible from the League of Conservation Voters for her environmental voting record. As of 2017, she has a lifetime score of 91% on the League's National Environmental Scorecard. She is known for supporting alternative energy research and for protecting Washington's forests from logging and the construction of paved roads and has earned endorsement from various prominent environmental advocacy groups and other environmental groups. She has opposed drilling in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge on multiple occasions, has voted to reduce oil usage by 40% by 2025, and has opposed legislation to relax or terminate CAFE standards. The Seattle Times has described Cantwell's environmental record as "pristine", and the Wilderness Society has described Cantwell as an "environmental champion".
In 2009 Cantwell introduced the Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal (CLEAR) Act (S. 2877), also called the Cantwell-Collins bill, a "cap and dividend" emissions trading proposal. Senator Susan Collins, Republican from Maine, joined as co-sponsor. The bill died in the Senate Finance Committee without debate or votes.
Cantwell is the chair of the Senate Democrats 20/20 Energy Independence campaign and is a co-chair of the Apollo Alliance. One of Cantwell's main accomplishments was the passage of an amendment "To prevent energy market manipulation," which passed 57–40 in the Senate; a previous effort was defeated by a vote of 50–48.
Cantwell has expressed support for making Plan B contraceptives available to girls 16 and under. In 2007, she cosponsored the Prevention First Act, a bill that sought to increase national access to family planning and preventative methods as a means to reduce unwanted pregnancies. It included providing women with access to Plan B as well as expanding family planning to be covered under Medicaid. As an advocate of increasing access to family planning and sexual health education, Cantwell argues that these venues for increased education are necessary to reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies. She received criticism from her Republican challenger, State Senator Michael Baumgartner, who suggested that Cantwell was too extreme and too far to the left of most Washington voters on this issue, and expressed concern about 11-year-olds getting these drugs without a prescription.
Cantwell calls herself "100% pro-choice", and consistently supports the pro-choice movement's positions. She was one of 34 senators to vote against the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, which was signed into law by George W. Bush on November 5, 2003. She also voted against the Unborn Victims of Violence Act, which made it an additional crime to kill or harm a fetus during a criminal assault upon the mother. That bill passed the Senate by a vote of 61–38 and was signed into law by President George W. Bush on April 1, 2004.
Support for fellow Democrats
Cantwell is a major supporter of fellow Democratic candidates for public office. In 2006, facing her own challenging race, Cantwell used ActBlue to raise $100,000 for Darcy Burner, Peter Goldmark, and Richard Wright, all of whom were facing tough House races in Washington State. In the 2008 cycle, Cantwell was particularly committed to supporting the reelection of Senator Mary Landrieu of Louisiana.
On December 31, 2007, Cantwell became the 10th senator to endorse Hillary Clinton for President of the United States. Cantwell supported Clinton throughout the primary season, but vowed to vote for the winner of the pledged delegates. After Clinton's concession on June 7, Cantwell endorsed Obama. At the Washington State Democratic Convention on June 15, Cantwell added: "I do want to see a strong Democratic woman in the White House ... That's why I'm so glad Michelle Obama will be the next first lady."
Criticism of Amanda Knox guilty verdict
On December 4, 2009, the day that 22-year-old Washingtonian Amanda Knox was found guilty by an Italian court of the murder of Meredith Kercher, Cantwell released a statement expressing her dismay at the verdict, saying that she had "serious questions about the Italian justice system and whether anti-Americanism tainted [the] trial". She stated that the evidence against Knox was insufficient, that Knox had been subjected to "harsh treatment" following her arrest, and that there had been "negligence" in the handling of evidence. She also complained that jurors had not been sequestered, allowing them to view "negative news coverage" about Knox, and that one of the prosecutors had a misconduct case pending in relation to another trial. Cantwell said she would seek assistance from Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. A spokesman for the State Department said in December 2009 that the Department had followed the case closely and would continue to do so. He added: "It is still in the early days but ... we haven't received any indications necessarily that Italian law was not followed".
- Sen. Cantwell currently serves on these Committees and Subcommittees in the 115th United States Congress:
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Indian Affairs
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
|Washington's 44th legislative district position 1 Democratic primary election, 1986|
|Washington's 44th legislative district position 1 election, 1986|
|Washington's 44th legislative district position 1 election, 1988|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||28,381||65.6|
|Washington's 44th legislative district position 1 election, 1990|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||18,745||61.1|
|Independent||Patrick L. Ruckert||4,322||1.6|
|Natural Law Party||Anne Fleming||4,211||1.6|
|Washington's 1st congressional district Democratic primary election, 1994|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||45,308||92.0|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||94,110||48.3||-6.6|
|Washington United States Senate Democratic primary election, 2000|
|Democratic||Robert TIlden Medley||14,009||2.09|
|Republican||Slade Gorton (Incumbent)||1,197,208||48.64||-7.1|
|Washington United States Senate Democratic primary election, 2006|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||570,677||90.8|
|Democratic||Mike the Mover||11,274||1.8|
|Democratic||Michael Goodspaceguy Nelson||9,454||1.5|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||1,184,659||56.9||+7.8|
|Washington United States Senate blanket primary election, 2012|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||772,058||55.66|
|Democratic||Timmy "Doc" Wilson||31,817||2.29|
|Republican||Glen "Stocky" Stockwell||25,793||1.86|
|Republican||Mike the Mover||19,535||1.41|
|Democratic||Maria Cantwell (Incumbent)||1,657,952||60.11||+3.2|
In 2016, a faithless elector from Washington cast a vote for her for Vice President.
In 2006, it emerged that court files concerning a loan made by Cantwell in 2001 to her former boyfriend, boss, and campaign manager, lobbyist Ron Dotzauer, which was to help Dotzauer through his divorce litigation, had been sealed. The reporter for Sound Politics had the file unsealed and discovered that Cantwell was identified in the divorce records “as the 'other woman.'”
- "1". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- IPS Hall of Fame Archived January 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Bergsman, Jerry (April 9, 1986). "Newcomer keeps up family tradition: Indiana native volunteers for city campaign". The Seattle Times. p. F2.
- Bergsman, Jerry (May 21, 1986). "First step to a new library: Mountlake Terrace OK's joining Sno-Isle system". The Seattle Times. p. H1.
- "2002 Woman of Distinction". The YWCA of Olympia. Archived from the original on February 10, 2005.
- "Our Campaigns - WA House District 44 Seat 1 Race - Nov 04, 1986". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Our Campaigns - WA House District 44 Seat 1 Race - Nov 08, 1988". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Our Campaigns - WA House District 44 Seat 1 Race - Nov 06, 1990". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "The Spokesman-Review - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Ellensburg Daily Record - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Spokane Chronicle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Our Campaigns - WA District 1 Race - Nov 03, 1992". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Our Campaigns - WA District 1 Race - Nov 08, 1994". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Sun Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Beaver County Times - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- Markoff, John (July 21, 1994). "Gore Shifts Stance on Chip Code". The New York Times.
- "Moscow-Pullman Daily News - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Business - Cantwell's banking on her years as dot-com exec - Seattle Times Newspaper". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- Rosen, Jeffrey (2004). "The Path of the Law". The Naked Crowd: Reclaiming Security and Freedom in an Anxious Age (1st Trade Paperback ed.). New York: Random House. p. 139. ISBN 0-375-75985-9.
- Manny Frishberg (June 15, 2000). "Fishy Linking Nets Campaign War". Wired News. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Cantwell, Maria (D-WA)". OpenSecrets.org. October 10, 2006. Archived from the original on October 22, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Feds say Cantwell violated election law". KING-TV. February 19, 2004. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "MUR 5198". Federal Election Commission. February 23, 2004. Archived from the original on November 4, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Poll Results — WA". May 17, 2005. Archived from the original on June 13, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "2006 Primary Election Results". Washington Secretary of State. October 3, 2006. Archived from the original on September 23, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "September 19 Primary Updates". Center of Politics. Archived from the original on October 13, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "2006 General Election Results". Washington Secretary of State. Archived from the original on December 1, 2006. Retrieved November 17, 2006.
- "U.S. Senate, Washington". CNN. Retrieved December 2, 2006.
- "Cantwell passes up chance to debate issues in vital region". Yakima Herald-Republic. September 27, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- Neil Modie (September 30, 2006). "Cantwell, McGavick quibble over debates". Seattle P-I. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- Seattle Times, As expected, Cantwell breezes to a third term in the U.S. Senate, November 6, 2012, retrieved Nov 8, 2012
- "Maria Cantwell Progressive Score". ProgressivePunch.org. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "S. 27". Library of Congress. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Sen. Wellstone's Legislation Offers Alternative to Current System Through Public Financing". Clean Money Clean Elections PAC. April 5, 2004. Archived from the original on November 9, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "July 28, 2005 Federal Perkins Loan letter" (PDF). July 28, 2005. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Where they stand on Social Security". Seattle Times. July 28, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S. 991: Pension Fairness and Full Disclosure Act of 2005". Govtrack.US. May 10, 2005. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- Daly, Matthew (September 27, 2005). "Cantwell says she will oppose Chief Justice-nominee John Roberts". Seattle Times. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- Charles Babington (January 31, 2006). "Senate to Vote On Alito Today". Washington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Alito filibuster is unlikely". Seattle Times. November 2, 2005. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S.Amdt. 4442 Vote Summary". United States Senate. June 22, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S.Amdt. 4320 Vote Summary". United States Senate. June 22, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S. 2611 Vote Summary". United States Senate. May 25, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "The H-1B and L-1 Visas and America's High-Tech Workforce". IEEE-USA. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S.2611". Library of Congress. May 25, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- The public health care proposals were not approved by the committee. "More Cantwell vs cantwell vs Cantwell". thestranger.com. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
- "What's Up with Maria Cantwell?". The Stranger.
- "Senate told speculators causing oil madness". Salt Lake Tribune. 2008-06-00. Archived from the original on October 5, 2008. Check date values in:
- "Dubai's Favorite Senators". The Wall Street journal. June 10, 2008.
- Alicia Mundy (December 22, 2005). "Hulk meets his match in drilling fight". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "League of Conservation Voters Endorses Senator Maria Cantwell for Reelection". League of Conservation Voters. August 29, 2005. Archived from the original on November 2, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "Senator Maria Cantwell". National Environmental Scorecard. League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "Maria Cantwell: U.S. Senator". Cascade Sierra Club. June 12, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE ACTION FUND ENDORSES SENATOR MARIA CANTWELL IN HER 2006 RE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN". Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund. July 17, 2006. Archived from the original on September 24, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- OnTheIssues.org. "Maria Cantwell on the Issues". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Who is Maria Cantwell?". The Seattle Times. April 24, 2005.
- Cantwell to Receive Ansel Adams Award for Commitment to Preserving Nation's Lands Archived May 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Maria Cantwell – U.S. Senator from Washington State". Cantwell.senate.gov. Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "Defending the Cantwell/Collins CLEAR Act". Grist. December 14, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal (CLEAR) Act (2009 - S. 2877)". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- "S.2877 - Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal (CLEAR) Act". Congress.gov. Library of Congress.
- "Apollo Partners National Advisory Board". Apollo Alliance. Archived from the original on October 17, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- "S.Amdt. 2087 Vote Summary". United States Senate. November 5, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- Pacelle, Wayne (January 15, 2011). "Cantwell draws praise from Humane Society". The Olympian. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- On The Issues. “Maria Cantwell on Abortion.” ontheissue.org. June 8, 2012. Web. November 15, 2012. http://www.ontheissues.org/social/Maria_Cantwell_Abortion.htm
- Poligu.com. "Maria Cantwell on Abortion." The Political Guide. October 22, 2012. Web. November 19, 2012. http://www.thepoliticalguide.com/Profiles/Senate/Washington/Maria_Cantwell/Views/Abortion/
- Song, Kyung M. (December 15, 2011). "Rival slams "unmarried" Cantwell's stance on morning-after pill". Seattle Times.
- Katharine Q. Seelye (December 31, 2007). "Saying he pulled negative ad, Huckabee shows it". The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved January 1, 2008.
- Eli Stone (February 19, 2008). "The Superdelegate Mess". The Stranger. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
- Kathie Durbin (March 24, 2008). "Cantwell supporting Clinton – for now". Archived from the original on March 27, 2008.
- "Cantwell Flips and Endorses Obama". The Columbian. June 8, 2008. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008.
- Niki Sullivan (June 15, 2008). "Cheers, Jeers at the State Democratic Convention in Spokane". Spokane: The News Tribune. Retrieved June 15, 2008.[dead link]
- Jaffe, Alexandra (October 30, 2013). "Run, Hillary, run, say Senate's Dem women". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Press Release of Senator Cantwell". Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- US Department of State: Ian Kelly, Department Spokesman. Daily Press Briefing, Washington, DC 7 December 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Desk, Cox Media Group National Content (December 19, 2016). "Four Washington State electors stray from Hillary Clinton vote". Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- "Maria Cantwell was the "other woman" in lobbyist's divorce". Sound Politics.
- "Cantwell Still Owed $2M From Her 2000 Campaign". Roll Call. Archived from the original on April 20, 2012.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maria Cantwell.|
- Senator Maria Cantwell official U.S. Senate site
- Maria Cantwell for Senate
- Maria Cantwell at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 1st congressional district
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
2000, 2006, 2012
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Washington
Served alongside: Patty Murray
|Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
|Chair of the Senate Small Business Committee
|Ranking Member of the Senate Energy Committee
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Senators by seniority