Marshall County, Minnesota

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Marshall County
K. J. Taralseth Company
Map of Minnesota highlighting Marshall County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°21′N 96°23′W / 48.35°N 96.38°W / 48.35; -96.38
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedFebruary 25, 1879[1]
Named forWilliam Rainey Marshall
SeatWarren
Largest cityWarren
Area
 • Total1,813 sq mi (4,700 km2)
 • Land1,775 sq mi (4,600 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  2.1%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total9,439
 • Estimate 
(2019)
9,336
 • Density5.27/sq mi (2.03/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.marshall.mn.us

Marshall County is a county in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,439.[2] Its county seat is Warren.[3]

Marshall County was the location of a claimed UFO incident in 1979, the Val Johnson incident.

History[edit]

The Minnesota legislature created the county on February 25, 1879, with territory partitioned from the southern half of Kittson County, with Warren (which was first platted that same year) as the county seat. It was named for William Rainey Marshall, who served as Minnesota governor from 1866 to 1870.[4]

Geography[edit]

Marshall County lies on Minnesota's border with North Dakota (across the Red River, which flows north along the county's western border). The Snake River rises in Polk County and flows north through the western part of the county to its confluence with the Red. The Tamarac River rises in Marshall County and flows west through the county's northern area to its confluence with the Red. The Middle River also rises in Marshall County and flows west through the southern part of the county, discharging into the Snake just upstream of the Snake/Red confluence. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages, completely devoted to agriculture where possible.[5] The terrain slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near the midpoint of its east border, at 1,194' (364m) ASL.[6] The county has an area of 1,813 square miles (4,700 km2), of which 1,775 square miles (4,600 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (2.1%) is water.[7] Marshall is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties where savanna soils dominate.

Soils of Marshall County[8]
Soils of Old Mill State Park

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Thief Lake
  • Webster Creek Pool

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880992
18909,130820.4%
190015,69871.9%
191016,3384.1%
192019,44319.0%
193017,003−12.5%
194018,3648.0%
195016,125−12.2%
196014,262−11.6%
197013,060−8.4%
198013,027−0.3%
199010,993−15.6%
200010,155−7.6%
20109,439−7.1%
Est. 20199,336[9]−1.1%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2019[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 10,155 people, 4,101 households and 2,837 families in the county. The population density was 5.72/sqmi (2.21/km²). There were 4,791 housing units at an average density of 2.70/sqmi (1.04/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.22% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 1.62% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.2% were of Norwegian, 12.1% Polish, 11.7% German and 9.6% Swedish ancestry.

There were 4,101 households of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.

The county population contained 25.40% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.10 males.

The median household income was $34,804, and the median family income was $41,908. Males had a median income of $30,051 versus $20,600 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,317. About 6.90% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territory[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Marshall County has voted Republican in presidential elections since 2000, except in 2008, when Barack Obama won the county by less than one percentage point.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 66.6% 3,208 25.4% 1,225 8.0% 384
2012 54.7% 2,569 42.5% 1,998 2.8% 131
2008 48.2% 2,285 48.8% 2,311 3.0% 143
2004 57.3% 3,187 41.5% 2,308 1.2% 67
2000 56.0% 2,912 36.7% 1,910 7.3% 377
1996 40.1% 2,068 45.3% 2,333 14.6% 753
1992 36.8% 2,136 39.8% 2,309 23.4% 1,358
1988 47.4% 2,752 51.6% 3,001 1.0% 58
1984 55.3% 3,433 43.6% 2,705 1.1% 69
1980 53.7% 3,638 38.9% 2,636 7.4% 501
1976 40.1% 2,605 57.7% 3,744 2.2% 140
1972 52.7% 3,264 45.1% 2,790 2.2% 136
1968 39.7% 2,367 53.1% 3,161 7.2% 428
1964 29.2% 1,893 70.8% 4,594 0.1% 3
1960 44.4% 3,006 55.5% 3,759 0.2% 12
1956 41.9% 2,519 57.9% 3,478 0.2% 10
1952 52.2% 3,516 46.5% 3,132 1.3% 85
1948 32.1% 2,090 63.4% 4,126 4.5% 291
1944 34.6% 2,029 64.9% 3,808 0.5% 27
1940 34.7% 2,441 64.7% 4,549 0.6% 44
1936 27.8% 1,904 70.1% 4,802 2.1% 146
1932 34.2% 1,866 59.7% 3,259 6.2% 338
1928 61.6% 3,738 36.2% 2,200 2.2% 132
1924 40.0% 2,100 5.5% 290 54.4% 2,856
1920 75.4% 4,738 14.1% 885 10.5% 660
1916 44.7% 1,461 46.3% 1,513 8.9% 292
1912 11.3% 331 19.4% 567 69.4% 2,032
1908 60.0% 1,648 26.6% 731 13.4% 368
1904 76.4% 1,720 12.2% 275 11.4% 257
1900 59.7% 1,457 37.1% 905 3.3% 80
1896 48.9% 1,200 49.8% 1,222 1.2% 30
1892 27.9% 526 18.8% 354 53.3% 1,005
County Board of Commissioners[15]
Position Name District Next Election
Commissioner Jim Duckstad District 1 2022
Commissioner and Vice Chair Rolland Miller District 2 2020
Commissioner and Chairperson Kenneth Borowicz District 3 2020
Commissioner Sharon Bring District 4 2020
Commissioner Gary Kiesow District 5 2022
State Legislature (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  Senate Mark Johnson[16] Republican District 1
  House of Representatives Dan Fabian[17] Republican District 1A
U.S Congress (2018-2020)
Position Name Affiliation District
  House of Representatives Collin Peterson[18] Democrat 7th
  Senate Amy Klobuchar[19] Democrat N/A
  Senate Tina Smith[20] Democrat N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 326, 331.
  5. ^ a b c d Marshall County MN Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Marshall County MN" Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57–60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  15. ^ "COMMISSIONERS". www.co.marshall.mn.us. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  16. ^ "MN State Senate". www.senate.mn. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  17. ^ "Rep. Dan Fabian (01A) - Minnesota House of Representatives". www.house.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  18. ^ "Congressman Collin Peterson". Congressman Collin Peterson. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  19. ^ "U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar". www.klobuchar.senate.gov. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  20. ^ "Home". Senator Tina Smith. Retrieved 2020-06-24.

Coordinates: 48°21′N 96°23′W / 48.35°N 96.38°W / 48.35; -96.38