Maryland Naval Militia

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The Maryland Naval Militia is the unorganized naval militia of Maryland. It served as a dual federal and state military reserve force, essentially a naval and marine equivalent of the Maryland Army National Guard and the Maryland Air National Guard.

History[edit]

The Maryland Naval Militia was first created in 1896 as the Naval Battalion of the military forces of Maryland.[1] In 1895, the USS Dale was transferred from the Navy to the Maryland Naval Militia.[2] Members of Maryland's naval militia served in the Spanish–American War; some members were assigned to the Fifth District of the United States Auxiliary Naval Force, while others were deployed aboard the USS Dixie.[3]

In 1906, the USS Miantonomoh served briefly with Maryland's naval militia until 1907.[4] In 1907, the USS Sylvia was transferred to the Maryland Naval Militia where it served the next seven years.[5] The USS Somers was loaned to the Maryland Naval Militia in 1909 until its return to federal service in 1914.[6] The USS Montgomery was assigned to the naval militia from 1914 until 1918.[7]

During World War I, the members of the Maryland Naval Militia were federalized and deployed aboard the USS Missouri.[1]

Personnel[edit]

Naval militias are in part regulated and equipped by the federal government, and membership requirements are set according to federal standards. Under 10 U.S. Code § 7854, in order for a state naval militia to be eligible for access to "vessels, material, armament, equipment, and other facilities of the Navy and the Marine Corps available to the Navy Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve", at least 95% of members of the naval militia must also be members of the United States Navy Reserve or the United States Marine Corps Reserve.[8]

Legal status[edit]

Naval militias of U.S. states are recognized by the federal government of the United States as a component of the organized militia under 10 U.S. Code §7851.[9]

Any option for reactivating the Maryland Naval Militia can go either through action by the state government (through the office of the Governor of Maryland) or by legislative action.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Our History From 1634 to the Present". Maryland National Guard Official Website. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "USS Dale". "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive. NavSource Online. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Robison II, Kenneth H. "A Roster of the Maryland Naval Militia". The Spanish–American War Centennial Website. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Miantonomoh II (Monitor)". Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Sylvia". History.navy.mil. Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "USS SOMERS (Torpedo Boat # 22, TB-22)". "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive. NavSource Online. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "USS Montgomery - Anniston (C 9)". "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive. NavSource Online. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "10 U.S. CODE § 7854 - AVAILABILITY OF MATERIAL FOR NAVAL MILITIA". https://www.law.cornell.edu/. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ "10 U.S. CODE § 7851 - COMPOSITION". https://www.law.cornell.edu/. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  External link in |website= (help)