Maurice Bocland (British Army officer)

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Lieutenant-General Maurice Bocland (c. 1695 – 15 August 1765) was a British soldier and Member of Parliament.

Biography[edit]

He was the second son of Maurice Bocland of Standlynch, by his wife Mabel, daughter of Sir Robert Dillington, 2nd Baronet of Knighton. He was commissioned as a cornet in the 5th Dragoon Guards in 1715, and was promoted to lieutenant in 1716 and captain-lieutenant in the 1st Dragoon Guards in 1719.

Bocland succeeded to the family estate in Wiltshire on the death of his brother Philip, but sold it in 1726 and moved to Hampshire. He was first elected to Parliament for Yarmouth at a by-election in 1733, then for Lymington at the general election in 1734, for Yarmouth again in 1741, and for Newport in 1747. In Parliament he supported the Government.

In his military career, Bocland transferred from the cavalry to the infantry in 1738, when he was promoted to captain in the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, ranking as a lieutenant-colonel. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession in Flanders from 1743 to 1746; he was wounded at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745[1] and promoted to major in the same year. In 1747 he was made colonel of the 11th Regiment of Foot,[2] an appointment he would hold until his death.

Knighton Gorges Manor, 1781

Bocland succeeded his maternal aunt to the estate of Knighton in 1749, and was made Captain of Carisbrooke Castle in 1752. He was not elected to Parliament in the general election of 1754, but continued his advance in the Army with promotion to major-general in 1755[3] and lieutenant-general in 1758.[4]

By his first wife, Jane Fox, Bocland had five sons and two daughters before she died on 25 February 1741. On 4 November that year he married Sophia, daughter of Major Bisset of Southampton, with no children. Knighton Gorges passed to his nephew George Maurice Bissett who deliberately burnt the house down in 1820 to deny his daughter her inheritance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 8430". The London Gazette. 7–11 May 1745. p. 8.
  2. ^ "No. 8698". The London Gazette. 1–5 December 1747. p. 1.
  3. ^ "No. 9459". The London Gazette. 15–18 March 1755. p. 2.
  4. ^ "No. 9759". The London Gazette. 21–24 January 1758. p. 1.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Maurice Morgan
Paul Burrard
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth
1733–1734
With: Paul Burrard
Succeeded by
Paul Burrard
Lord Harry Powlett
Preceded by
Lord Nassau Powlett
William Powlett
Member of Parliament for Lymington
17341741
With: Sir John Cope
Succeeded by
Lord Nassau Powlett
Harry Burrard
Preceded by
Thomas Gibson
Anthony Chute
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth
17411747
With: Thomas Gibson 1741–1744
Robert Carteret 1744–1747
Succeeded by
Thomas Holmes
Henry Holmes
Preceded by
Henry Holmes
Sir John Barrington
Member of Parliament for Newtown
17471754
With: Sir John Barrington
Succeeded by
Sir John Barrington
Harcourt Powell
Military offices
Preceded by
William Graham
Colonel of the 11th Regiment of Foot
1747–1765
Succeeded by
William A'Court Ashe