Mazhar Mahmood Qurashi

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Mazhar Mahmood Qurashi
Born(1925-10-08)8 October 1925
Died21 November 2011(2011-11-21) (aged 86)
ResidenceIslamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory
NationalityPakistani
CitizenshipPakistan
Alma materUniversity of Punjab
University of Manchester
Known forhis work in physics, history, crystallographic, crystalline, and operational research and Scientometrics.
AwardsSitara-i-Imtiaz (1991)
Pride of Performance (2007)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsPakistan Atomic Energy Commission
Pakistan Academy of Sciences
Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Ministry of Defence (MDP)
Quaid-i-Azam University (Qau)
Institute of Physics (IP)
Crystallographic Society of Pakistan (CSP)
Doctoral advisorDr. Albert Beaumont Wood
Notes
Note: He is the founder of Crystallographic Society of Pakistan.

Mazhar Mahmood Qurashi (Urdu: مظهر محمود قريشى; b. 8 October 1925 – 21 November 2011; SI), best known as M. M. Qureshi was a Pakistani physicist and an Islamic scholar who was educated in Lahore and Manchester. He earned prestige and notability after authoring important publication on Islam and science and abstract theories to explain the religious phenomenon and events, explained in Koran— a Holy book of Muslims.

Previously, he laid the foundation of Desto and served as senior scientist at the Ministry of Defence (MoD), as well as also served as director of Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, He served as professor of physics at the Quaid-i-Azam University. He was an eminent science administrator and researcher in the field of classical physics.[1] Qurashi served as secretary general of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences and the past director general of Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) laboratories in Karachi as well as being a former Director of the National Science Council of Pakistan.

He has played pivotal role in establishing Islamic Lunar Calendar and remained member of Central Moon sighting Committee of Pakistan for about three decades. He remained heavily engaged in the History and Philosophy of Science where he highlighted the role of Islam and Muslims in development of Science and inter-relationship between Islamic and Scientific principles. He remained part of the editorial board of Pakistan Journal of History and Philosophy of Science.

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

Qureshi completed his matriculation at an early age and also received an early admission to the University of the Punjab with an awarded scholarship. In 1942, he graduated and received B.Sc. with Honors in physics.[2] In 1944, he completed his Master's degree in physics. He served as an associate professor of physics at his alma mater for a from 1944 till 1947, then and flew to United Kingdom to pursue his doctorate in physics.[3] He was awarded Ph.D in physics under the supervision of Dr. Albert Beaumont Wood from University of Manchester in 1949; also awarded D.Sc. in physics in 1962, on the basis of 50 published papers.[4]

Academic career[edit]

He has been associated with University of Islamabad (now Quaid-i-Azam University) since its establishment. In the past, he has served as the chairman of the physics department at the Quaid-i-Azam University. He has also served as a research scientist at the Institute of Physics and published numerous papers in physics. In July 1988, Qureshi founded the first new Crystallographic Society of Pakistan in which he also served as its new president.[5] Prof. Qurashi authored over one hundred and ninety research papers on various topics such as physics, physical chemistry and Scientometrics, of which more than thirty were published in British, Canadian and International Journals. He has published 14 Monographs in areas of physics, scientific and technological research in Pakistan as well as on History and Philosophy of Science. From the period of 1988 to 1992, he has served as the administrator of a research project on "Science and Technology in The Muslim Ummah", the research project that was financed and coordinated by Pakistan Academy of Sciences. He has also worked at the Ministry of Defence of Pakistan as a chief research scientist where he carried out his research in physics. He has been engaged in the research in physics with emphasis on study of atomic and moleculary arrangements in alloys and minerals.

Prof. Qurashi is a former member of the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Technological and Research Committee on Cotton as well as being a member of Pakistan team at the Defence Exercise UNISON in 1965. In 1981, dr. Qureshi was listed in the Biography in Who's Who in the World, Biography in Men of Achievement (1982), Who's Who of Intellectuals (1983), and 5,000 Personalities of the World, 1985.[6] He joined Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission in 2006. In 2007, President of Pakistan conferred dr. Mazhar Mehmood the President’s Medal for Technology for his work on corrosion-resistant nano-crystalline alloys.

Research papers[edit]

  • Dependence of publication-rate on size of some university groups and departments in U. K. and Greece in comparison with N. C. I., USA . M.M. Qureshi (2005)
  • Groundrules for Gainful Interaction Between Science and Religion for the Future of Humanity by Prof. Mazhar Mahmood Qurashi FIAS, Pakistan Academy of Sciences.
  • Evaluation of Water Bodies from Different Sources of Water (2005)
  • Islamic lunar calendar – a critical review of forecasts for Pakistan based on the ILDL concept, Part II, by M. M. Qurashi
  • Science, Islam and Education by S. M. Jafar and M. M. Qurashi (2005).
  • History and Philosophy of Muslim Contributions to Science & Technology, by M. M. Qurashi and S. S. H. Rizvi (1996).
  • Introduction to Muslim Contributions to science & Technology, by Mazhar Qureshi, printed by Adam Publishers.
  • Research & Development in Pakistan: Review (1947–89) & Future Perspectives. M. M. Qurashi and A. Q. Kazi (1992).
  • Food & Nutrition Problems of the Muslim Ummah. S. M. Ali, M.H. Qazi, M.M. Qurashi, M.A. Rahim, F.H. Shah (1989).
  • Science and Technology Profiles of Muslim Countries. S.M. Jafar & M. M. Qurashi (1986)
  • Renewable Sources of Energy in Pakistan. M. M. Qurashi & A. H. Chotani (1986).
  • Energy and Its Development (with special reference to Pakistan). Karimullah, M. M. Qurashi, M.S.H. Siddiqi, M. K. Bhatty, A.H.Chotani (1982)
  • Appropriate Technology & Development (with special reference to Pakistan) by M. M. Qurashi, Karimullah, M. Aslam, A. H. Chotani, S. M. Moghni (1981) (Edited in collaboration with PAS & Pakistan Banking Council).
  • The Mechanics of R&D and Technology Transfer. Mazhar M. Qurashi (1978).

Awards[edit]

Fellowships[edit]

  • Fellow of Institute of Physics (1961)
  • Fellow of Islamic Academy of Sciences (1988)
  • President, of the Scientific Society of Pakistan, (1968–1969)
  • President, Section of Physics, Mathematics, Statistics, Astronomy and Meteorology.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The International Who's Who, The International Who's Who, 2004, p. 1370, archived from the original on 3 May 2016
  2. ^ "Fellows of the Academy". Pakistan Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 30 May 2009. Retrieved 2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "IAS Fellow". Islamic Academy of Sciences. July 1988. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Hall, Syd (July 1988). "Newsletter of the Asian Crystallographic Association". Asian Crystallographic Association. Retrieved 2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ "World Who's Who : Browse". Worldwhoswho.com. Retrieved 1 December 2011.