Meitei calendar

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Maliyampham palcha calendar

The Meitei calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯩꯇꯩ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Manipuri calendar (Meitei: ꯃꯅꯤꯄꯨꯔꯤ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Kangleipak calendar (Meitei: ꯀꯪꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛ ꯊꯥꯄꯥꯂꯣꯟ) or Maliyapham Palcha Kumshing (Meitei: ꯃꯂꯤꯌꯥꯐꯝ ꯄꯥꯜꯆꯥ ꯀꯨꯝꯁꯤꯡ) is a lunisolar calendar used by the Meitei people of Manipur for their religious as well as agricultural activities. The concept of era in Meitei was first developed by Emperor Maliyafam Palcha, in the year 1397 BC (Palcha Era)[1] in the kingdom of Kangleipak in present-day Manipur. It is believed that the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 7th months of the Meitei calendar were named after Poireiten's agricultural activities. Similar to Georgian calendar, the Meitei calendar also consists of twelve months and seven days but the starting date with the English calendar is different.[2][3] The new year day known as, Sajibu Cheiraoba is celebrated on the 1st day of the month Sajibu.

Days[edit]

Meitei Romanisation English
ꯅꯣꯡꯃꯥꯏꯖꯤꯡ Nongmaijing Sunday
ꯅꯤꯡꯊꯧꯀꯥꯕ Ningthoukaba Monday
ꯂꯩꯄꯥꯛꯄꯣꯛꯄ Leipakpokpa Tuesday
ꯌꯨꯝꯁꯀꯩꯁ Yumsakeisa Wednesday
ꯁꯒꯣꯜꯁꯦꯟ Sagolsen Thursday
ꯏꯔꯥꯢ Eerai Friday
ꯊꯥꯡꯖ Thangja Saturday

Months[edit]

Meitei Romanisation Days Gregorian
ꯁꯖꯤꯕꯨ Sajibu 30 Mar-Apr
ꯀꯥꯂꯦꯟ Kalen 30 Apr-May
ꯏꯉꯥ Eenga 30 May-Jun
ꯏꯉꯦꯟ Eengen 30 Jun-Jul
ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯟ Thouwan 30 Jul-Aug
ꯂꯥꯡꯕꯟ Langban 30 Aug-Sep
ꯃꯦꯔꯥ Mera 30 Sep-Oct
ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯀꯩ Heeyangkei 30 Oct-Nov
ꯄꯣꯢꯅꯨ Poinu 30 Nov-Dec
ꯋꯥꯛꯆꯤꯡ Wakching 30 Dec-Jan
ꯐꯥꯢꯔꯦꯜ Fairel 30 Jan-Feb
ꯂꯝꯇꯥ Lamta 30 Feb-Mar

Important days[edit]

Preservation[edit]

There is a society which preserves the traditional calendar of Manipur.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Puya and Cheitharol Kumbaba". e-pao.net.
  2. ^ "Names of 12 months of Kangleipak concepts and significances". e-pao.net.
  3. ^ "Nanao Meetei Calendar 2015 2016 In Meitei Mayek 201504". e-pao.net.
  4. ^ "SEACO celebrates its 9th foundation day : 06th aug19 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.
  5. ^ "Kangleipak Calendar Board anniv held : 21st may14 ~ E-Pao! Headlines". e-pao.net.