Mexico City Metro Line B

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line B / Línea B
MetroDF Línea B.svg
Túnel en San Lázaro 2.jpg
Overview
LocaleMexico City
TerminiCiudad Azteca
Buenavista
Stations21
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemMexico City Metro
Operator(s)Sistema de Transporte Colectivo (STC)
Rolling stockMP-68
Ridership417,934 passengers per day (2019)[1]
History
Opened15 December 1999[2]
Technical
Line length20.278 km (13 mi)
Track length23.722 km (15 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
with roll ways along track
ElectrificationGuide bars
Route map

Ciudad Azteca workshops
Ciudad Azteca
Plaza Aragón
Olímpica
Ecatepec
Múzquiz
Río de los Remedios
Impulsora
Nezahualcóyotl
Villa de Aragón
Bosque de Aragón
Deportivo Oceanía
Oceanía
Mexico City Metro Line 5
Romero Rubio
Ricardo Flores Magón
San Lázaro
Mexico City Metro Line 1
Morelos
Mexico City Metro Line 4
Tepito
Lagunilla
Garibaldi / Lagunilla
Mexico City Metro Line 8
Guerrero
Mexico City Metro Line 3
Buenavista
Tren Suburbano

Mexico City Metro Line B is one of the twelve metro lines operating in Mexico City, Mexico. It has 21 stations and a total length of 23.722 km, 20.278 km service the line while the rest are used for maneuvers.

Line B runs from downtown Mexico City north towards the municipality of Ecatepec de Morelos.

Currently, it is the only line in the whole metro network to use two distinctive colors: green and gray.

Alongside Line 12, Line B is one of the two metro lines of the network to have the three type of stations: underground, elevated and surface.[3]

History[edit]

Line B under construction over Avenida Central in Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl.

Line B was planned as a feeder line that would connect Mexico City to the adjacent municipalities of the State of Mexico, such as Ecatepec de Morelos and Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl, therefore, instead of using the same numbering system as with the other metro lines, the line was named as Line B, same as in Line A, which connects Mexico City with the municipality of La Paz, also in the State of Mexico.

Line B was conceived in the early 1990s and was to originally named as Line 10. The 1994 Mexican peso crisis affected the construction of the line on its first stages as well as opposition from the citizens, specially those living in Santa María la Ribera, who claimed that Line B construction affected their houses, with damages such as sinking and breakage.[4]

The first stretch of the line, from Buenavista to Villa de Aragón, was inaugurated on 15 December 1999 by Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico from 1994 to 2000, and Rosario Robles, Head of Government of the Federal District from 1991 to 2000. The second section, from Villa de Aragón to Ciudad Azteca, was opened on 30 November 2000, six years after it was planned.[4]

An extension for Line B is planned, adding two more stations to expand the line westbound towards Colegio Militar, where line B would connect with Line 2.[5]

Upon its completion, Line B became the first line in the Mexico City Metro network to feature the three type of stations: elevated, surface and underground.[3]

Chronology[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

Currently, out of the 390 trains in the Mexico City Metro network, 36 are in service in Line B.[6]

Station list[edit]

No. Station Date opened Level Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
01 Ciudad Azteca 30 November 2000 Surface - 0.0
  • Mexibús Line 1
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for Ecatepec and Coacalco
  • Ecatepec de Morelos Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl
    02 Plaza Aragón 30 November 2000 Surface 0.7 0.7
    03 Olímpica 30 November 2000 Surface 0.9 1.6
    04 Ecatepec 30 November 2000 Surface 0.7 2.3
    05 Múzquiz 30 November 2000 Surface 1.6 3.9
    06 Río de los Remedios 30 November 2000 Surface 1.3 5.2
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for Ecatepec
  • 07 Impulsora 30 November 2000 Surface 0.6 5.8
    08 Nezahualcóyotl 30 November 2000 Surface 1.5 7.3
    09 Villa de Aragón 15 December 1999 Surface 1.5 8.8
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 6 icon.svg Metrobús Line 6
  • Gustavo A. Madero
    10 Bosque de Aragón 15 December 1999 Surface 0.9 9.7
    11 Deportivo Oceanía 15 December 1999 Surface 1.3 11.0
    12 Oceanía 15 December 1999 Elevated 1.0 12.0
  • Mexico City Metro.svg Mexico City Metro Line 5
  • STE logo.jpg TrolleDF.png Trolleybus Line G
  • 13 Romero Rubio 15 December 1999 Elevated 1.0 13.0 Venustiano Carranza
    14 Ricardo Flores Magón 15 December 1999 Elevated 1.1 14.1
    15 San Lázaro 15 December 1999 Elevated 1.1 15.2
  • Mexico City Metro.svg Mexico City Metro Line 1
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 4 icon.svg Metrobús Line 4
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 5 icon.svg Metrobús Line 5
  • East Bus Terminal (TAPO) for Mexico eastern cities.
  • CETRAM (Bus platforms) for city-east.
  • 16 Morelos 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    1.4 16.6
  • Mexico City Metro.svg Mexico City Metro Line 4
  • 17 Tepito 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    0.6 17.2 Cuauhtémoc
    18 Lagunilla 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    0.8 18.0
    19 Garibaldi / Lagunilla 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    0.6 18.6
  • Mexico City Metro.svg Mexico City Metro Line 8
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 7 icon.svg Metrobús Line 7
  • STE logo.jpg TrolleDF.png Trolleybus Line LL
  • 20 Guerrero 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    0.9 19.5
  • Mexico City Metro.svg Mexico City Metro Line 3
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 3 icon.svg Metrobús Line 3
  • 21 Buenavista 15 December 1999 Underground,
    trench
    0.7 20.2
  • Ferrocarril Suburbano.svg FS1.png Suburban Rail Line 1
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 1 icon.svg Metrobús Line 1
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 3 icon.svg Metrobús Line 3
  • Metrobus Mexico.svg Mexico City Metrobús Line 4 icon.svg Metrobús Line 4
  • CETRAM (bus platforms) for city-west
  • Major Ecobici hub
  • Renamed stations[edit]

    Date Old name New name
    2002 Continentes Nezahualcóyotl
    2008 Tecnológico Ecatepec

    Ridership[edit]

    The following table shows each of Line 12 stations total and average daily ridership during 2019.[1]

    Transfer station
    Terminal
    Rank Station Total ridership Average daily
    1 Buenavista 21,907,761 60,021
    2 Ciudad Azteca 21,410,326 58,658
    3 Múzquiz 11,246,650 30,813
    4 Ecatepec 9,740,169 26,685
    5 Impulsora 9,105,811 24,947
    6 Lagunilla 8,394,391 22,998
    7 Nezahualcóyotl 8,378,849 22,956
    8 Tepito 8,233,487 22,557
    9 Río de los Remedios 7,330,993 20,085
    10 Plaza Aragón 7,198,356 19,722
    11 Olímpica 6,112,152 16,746
    12 Deportivo Oceanía 5,731,450 15,703
    13 Villa de Aragón 5,398,782 14,791
    14 San Lázaro 4,533,326 12,420
    15 Oceanía 3,788,470 10,379
    16 Romero Rubio 2,925,132 8,014
    17 Garibaldi / Lagunilla 2,709,631 7,424
    18 Bosque de Aragón 2,193,804 6,010
    19 Ricardo Flores Magón 2,142,619 5,870
    20 Guerrero 2,090,890 5,728
    21 Morelos 1,972,909 5,405
    Total 152,545,958 417,934

    Tourism[edit]

    Line B passes near several places of interest:

    Crime[edit]

    On its route, Line B passes through some places known for their levels of crime including Ecatepec de Morelos, Gustavo A. Madero, Venustiano Carranza, and neighborhoods such as Tepito and Colonia Morelos.[7] Due to this, the line has a high rate of crime inside the stations and the trains, going from the presence of pickpockets and petty theft to armed robbery and sexual assault.[7]

    In 2017, at least three violent robberies were reported, in which armed men entered the wagons and stripped the passengers out of their belongings.[7][8]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ a b "Afluencia de estación por línea 2019" (in Spanish). Metro CDMX. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
    2. ^ "Línea B" (in Spanish). Metro CDMX. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
    3. ^ a b "Línea B Metro Ciudad Azteca Buenavista" (in Spanish). Leycar Constructora. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
    4. ^ a b Grajeda, Ella (27 November 2000). "Abrirán el tres días la línea B". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 August 2018.
    5. ^ Sistema de Transporte Colectivo. "Plan Maestro del Metro 2018–2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 49. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
    6. ^ "Parque vehicular". Metro CDMX. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
    7. ^ a b c "Línea B del Metro, asaltos y acoso, el pan de todos los días". La Silla Rota (in Spanish). 20 November 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
    8. ^ "Hombres armados asaltan vagón de mujeres en la Línea B del Metro". La Prensa (in Spanish). 26 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2018.