Michael Fraser, Baron Fraser of Kilmorack
Richard Michael Fraser, Baron Fraser of Kilmorack, CBE (28 October 1915 – 1 July 1996) was a British Conservative Party political administrator. The Conservative historian Lord Blake wrote that Fraser "will go down to history as a figure comparable only to Gorst under Disraeli or the famous Captain Middleton under Salisbury".
Fraser was born in Aberdeen, the son of Dr Thomas Fraser CBE DSO TD DL, and of Maria-Theresia Kayser, from Hanover. He was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School, Fettes College, and King's College, Cambridge, where he took a degree in History. During World War II, he served with the Royal Artillery, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (Military Division) in 1945.
After the war, Fraser joined the Conservative Research Department (CRD), serving as its Director between 1959 and 1964 and its Chairman between 1970 and 1974. He was Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party between 1964 and 1975; he was described as a "linchpin" between the variously wings of the Conservative Party while he was its Deputy Chairman.
At the CRD, he turned down job applications from Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, on the grounds that they were "Communist agents"; both men were later unmasked as Soviet agents. In 1970, Fraser was considered for the position of Cabinet Secretary; he refused, saying "I serve the party, not some bloody state".
Fraser was appointed a Commander of the Order of British Empire in 1955 for political services and was knighted in 1962. He was made a life peer in the February 1974 Dissolution Honours List as Baron Fraser of Kilmorack, of Rubislaw in the County of the City of Aberdeen.
- Blake, Robert (1985). The Conservative Party from Peel to Thatcher. London: Methuen. p. 302.
- "No. 37025". The London Gazette. 6 April 1945. p. 1903.
- Bale, Tim (2012). The Conservatives Since 1945: The Drivers of Party Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 117.
- Cosgrave, Patrick (4 July 1996). "Obituary: Lord Fraser of Kilmorack". The Independent.
- "No. 40366". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1955. p. 11.
- "No. 42552". The London Gazette. 1 January 1962. p. 2.
- "No. 46254". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 April 1974. p. 4395.
- "No. 46323". The London Gazette. 13 June 1974. p. 6953.
- "Register of the Richard Michael Fraser, Baron Fraser of Kilmorack Papers". Online Archive of California. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- Debrett's Peerage. 1985.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Fraser of Kilmorack