Michael Wilson (Canadian politician)
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
for Etobicoke Centre
|Preceded by||Riding created|
|Succeeded by||Allan Rock|
|Canadian Ambassador to the United States|
13 March 2006 – 19 October 2009
|Preceded by||Frank McKenna|
|Succeeded by||Gary Doer|
|Chancellor of the University of Toronto|
July 1, 2012 – June 30, 2018
|Preceded by||David Peterson|
|Succeeded by||Rose Patten|
Michael Holcombe Wilson
November 4, 1937
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||February 10, 2019(aged 81)|
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
Michael Holcombe Wilson, PC CC (November 4, 1937 – February 10, 2019) was a Canadian businessman, politician and diplomat. He was the Chairman of Barclays Capital Canada Inc. from May 2010 until his death in February of 2019. He was a Bay Street investment executive when he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament in the 1979 general election. He served in various portfolios in the governments of Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney between 1979 and 1993. He was the Canadian Ambassador to the United States from 2006 until 2009, when he was succeeded by Gary Doer.
Born in Toronto, Ontario, Wilson was the son of Constance L. (Davies) and Harry Holcombe Wilson. Wilson attended Upper Canada College and then Trinity College at the University of Toronto, where he joined the Kappa Alpha Society.
Wilson was a candidate at the 1983 Progressive Conservative leadership convention. He tried to woo young delegates by having the rock group Spoons perform on his behalf. He dropped off after the first ballot and urged his supporters to vote for Brian Mulroney, the eventual winner. Mulroney appointed Wilson as Minister of Finance when the party formed a government after the 1984 election.
Wilson reformed the tax system to broaden the tax base and lower tax rates, removing many special tax provisions, and helped negotiate the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement. He also announced the Goods and Services Tax in his 1989 budget, a tax introduced in 1990 which is still in place today and is considered a necessary source of federal income, despite being unpopular with consumers.
In 1991, after seven years as Minister of Finance, Wilson became Minister of Industry, Science and Technology and Minister of International Trade. In that role, he participated in negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Return to private life
Wilson was not a candidate in the 1993 election, and he returned to Bay Street to head his own consulting and financial services firm. He later rejoined Royal Bank of Canada, and he was Chairman and CEO of RT Capital when that business was sold to UBS AG. Wilson served as Chairman of UBS Canada from 2001 to 2006.
In recent years, he was a spokesman for a lobby group promoting public–private partnerships, and he was the Chairman of the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance. From 2003 to 2007, Wilson served as the Chancellor of Trinity College. In July 2012, he became the Chancellor of the University of Toronto, and he was re-elected to an additional three-year term in 2015.
Wilson was a mental health advocate, having lost a son to depression and suicide. Wilson established the Cameron Parker Holcombe Wilson Chair in Depression Studies at the University of Toronto. He also sat on the board of directors for the Mental Health Commission of Canada.
Wilson was active in many other organizations, including the NeuroScience Canada Partnership, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships, the Loran Scholars Foundation, the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
Ambassador to the United States
On 16 February 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the nomination of Wilson as Ambassador of Canada to the United States of America. He succeeded Frank McKenna in Washington, D.C. Wilson became the 22nd Canadian Ambassador to the United States on 13 March 2006, when U.S. President George W. Bush accepted his credentials.
Allegation of leaks during 2008 Democratic presidential campaign
In March 2008, it was alleged that Wilson told the Canadian media that U.S. presidential candidate Barack Obama was not serious about his promise to opt out of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Liberal MP Navdeep Bains called on Wilson to step down as Canada's ambassador to Washington while the alleged leaks were investigated. Wilson publicly acknowledged that he spoke to then-CTV reporter Tom Clark, who first reported the leaks, before the story aired, but he refused to discuss what was said.
Wilson was married to Margie Wilson and was predeceased by son Cameron, who suffered from depression and died by suicide in 1995. Following his son's death, Wilson devoted considerable time to advocate for mental health. The couple had two other children: son Geoff Wilson and daughter Lara O'Brien, both of whom married and have children. Wilson died from cancer on February 10, 2019.
- "Barclays rolls out big guns". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
- Simpson, Jeffery. "The GST Hated By Many Stands The Test Of Time". theglobeandmail.com. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- "About the Chancellor". University of Toronto. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
- "Students are not fragile flowers – we must care about their mental health". TheGlobeAndMail.com. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "The Governor General of Canada". GG.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Statement from Louise Bradley on the appointment of new board chair". Mental Health Commission of Canada. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION" (PDF). www.trilateral.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-26.
- Clark, Campbell. "Envoy faces calls to resign in NAFTA leak probe". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
- Harper, Tim (11 March 2008). "Envoy's role in leak questioned". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
- Macdonald, Cynthia. "A Canadian Hero for Mental Health". University of Toronto Magazine.
- "Michael Wilson - obituary". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
- "Former finance minister, ambassador and businessman Michael Wilson dies at 81". Retrieved Feb 12, 2019 – via The Globe and Mail.
- Michael Wilson – Parliament of Canada biography
- "Alumni Portraits: Michael Wilson". University of Toronto.
- "About the Chancellor". University of Toronto.
|Parliament of Canada|
|21st Ministry – Cabinet of Joe Clark|
|Cabinet post (1)|
|Minister of State for International Trade
|24th Ministry – Cabinet of Brian Mulroney|
|Cabinet posts (3)|
|John Crosbie||Minister for International Trade
|Benoît Bouchard||Minister of Industry, Science and Technology
|Marc Lalonde||Minister of Finance
John C. Bothwell
| Chancellor of the University of Trinity College
| Chancellor of the University of Toronto