Michigan House of Representatives

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Michigan House of Representatives
99th Michigan Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
3 terms (6 years)
History
New session started
January 11, 2017
Leadership
Tom Leonard (R)
Since January 11, 2017
Speaker pro tempore
Lee Chatfield (R)
Since January 11, 2017
Majority Floor Leader
Dan Lauwers (R)
Since January 1, 2017
Minority Leader
Sam Singh (D)
Since November 11, 2016
Minority Floor Leader
Christine Greig (D)
Since January 1, 2017
Structure
Seats 110
Michigan House of Representatives 99th Legislature.svg
Political groups

Majority

Minority

Length of term
2 years
Authority Article IV, Section 3, Michigan Constitution
Salary $71,865/year + expenses
Elections
Last election
November 8, 2016
(110 seats)
Next election
November 6, 2018
(110 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
Michigan House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Michigan State Capitol
Lansing, Michigan
Website
Michigan House of Representatives

The Michigan House of Representatives is the lower house of the Michigan Legislature. There are 110 members, each of whom is elected from constituencies having approximately 77,000 to 91,000 residents, based on population figures from the 2010 U.S. Census. Its composition, powers, and duties are established in Article IV of the Michigan Constitution.

Members are elected in even-numbered years, and take office on the January 1 following the November general election; the House first meets on the second Wednesday in January, according to the state constitution. Each member is limited to serving three terms of two years. The House meets in the north wing of the Michigan Capitol in Lansing.

Title[edit]

Members of the Michigan House of Representatives are commonly referred to as representatives. Because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of Congress, constituents and news media, using the Associated Press guidelines for journalist, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts. As elected officials, members of the House of Representatives also receive the courtesy title of the Honorable (abbreviated to Hon. or Hon'ble) for life.

Composition[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of Previous Legislature 60 46 1[1] 107 3
Begin 2017 session 63 47 110 0
February 6, 2017[2] 46 109 1
May 9, 2017[3] 45 108 2
November 7, 2017[4] 47 110 0
Latest voting share 57.3% 42.7%

Leadership[edit]

Majority party[edit]

Minority party[edit]

Members[edit]

Cora B. Anderson House of Representatives Office Building, Downtown Lansing
District Representative Party County(ies) Term
1 Tenisha Yancey Dem Wayne
2 Bettie Cook Scott Dem Wayne 3rd
3 Wendell Byrd Dem Wayne 2nd
4 Rose Mary Robinson Dem Wayne 3rd
5 Fred Durhal III Dem Wayne 2nd
6 Stephanie Chang Dem Wayne 2nd
7 LaTanya Garrett Dem Wayne 2nd
8 Sherry Gay-Dagnogo Dem Wayne 2nd
9 Sylvia Santana Dem Wayne 1st
10 Leslie Love Dem Wayne 2nd
11 Jewell Jones Dem Wayne 1st
12 Erika Geiss Dem Wayne 2nd
13 Frank Liberati Dem Wayne 2nd
14 Cara Clemente Dem Wayne 1st
15 Abdullah Hammoud Dem Wayne 1st
16 Robert Kosowski Dem Wayne 3rd
17 Joe Bellino Rep Monroe, Wayne 1st
18 Kevin Hertel Dem Macomb 1st
19 Laura Cox Rep Wayne 2nd
20 Jeff Noble Rep Wayne 1st
21 Kristy Pagan Dem Wayne 2nd
22 John Chirkun Dem Macomb 2nd
23 Darrin Camilleri Dem Wayne 1st
24 Steve Marino Rep Macomb 1st
25 Henry Yanez Dem Macomb 3rd
26 Jim Ellison Dem Oakland 1st
27 Robert Wittenberg Dem Oakland 2nd
28 Patrick Green Dem Macomb 2nd (1st full)
29 Tim Greimel Dem Oakland 4th (3rd full)
30 Diana Farrington Rep Macomb 1st
31 William J Sowerby Dem Macomb 1st
32 Pamela Hornberger Rep Macomb, St. Clair 1st
33 Jeffrey Yaroch Rep Macomb 1st
34 Sheldon Neeley Dem Genesee 2nd
35 Jeremy Moss Dem Oakland 2nd
36 Peter Lucido Rep Macomb 2nd
37 Christine Greig Dem Oakland 2nd
38 Kathy Crawford Rep Oakland 2nd
39 Klint Kesto Rep Oakland 2nd
40 Mike McCready Rep Oakland 3rd
41 Martin Howrylak Rep Oakland 3rd
42 Lana Theis Rep Livingston 2nd
43 Jim Tedder Rep Oakland 2nd
44 Jim Runestad Rep Oakland 2nd
45 Michael Webber Rep Oakland 2nd
46 John Reilly Rep Oakland 1st
47 Henry Vaupel Rep Livingston 2nd
48 Pam Faris Dem Genesee 3rd
49 Phil Phelps Dem Genesee 3rd
50 Tim Sneller Dem Genesee 1st
51 Joe Graves Rep Genesee 4th (3rd full)
52 Donna Lasinski Dem Washtenaw 1st
53 Yousef Rabhi Dem Washtenaw 1st
54 Ronnie Peterson Dem Washtenaw 1st
55 Adam Zemke Dem Washtenaw 3rd
56 Jason Sheppard Rep Monroe 2nd
57 Bronna Kahle Rep Lenawee 1st
58 Eric Leutheuser Rep Branch, Hillsdale 2nd
59 Aaron Miller Rep Cass, St. Joseph 2nd
60 Jon Hoadley Dem Kalamazoo 2nd
61 Brandt Iden Rep Kalamazoo 2nd
62 John Bizon Rep Calhoun 2nd
63 David Maturen Rep Calhoun, Kalamazoo 2nd
64 Julie Alexander (politician) Rep Jackson 1st
65 Brett Roberts Rep Jackson 2nd
66 Beth Griffin Rep Van Buren, Kalamazoo 1st
67 Tom Cochran Dem Ingham 3rd
68 Andy Schor Dem Ingham 3rd
69 Sam Singh Dem Ingham 3rd
70 James Lower Rep Montcalm, Gratiot 1st
71 Tom Barrett Rep Eaton 2nd
72 Steve Johnson Rep Kent 1st
73 Chris Afendoulis Rep Kent 2nd
74 Rob VerHeulen Rep Kent, Ottawa 3rd
75 David LaGrand Dem Kent 2nd (1st full)
76 Winnie Brinks Dem Kent 3rd
77 Tommy Brann Rep Kent 1st
78 Dave Pagel Rep Berrien, Cass 3rd
79 Kim LaSata Rep Berrien 1st
80 Mary Whiteford Rep Allegan 2nd (1st full)
81 Dan Lauwers Rep St. Clair 3rd
82 Gary Howell Rep Lapeer 2nd (1st full)
83 Shane Hernandez Rep Sanilac, St. Clair 1st
84 Edward Canfield Rep Huron, Tuscola 2nd
85 Ben Frederick Rep Clinton, Shiawassee 1st
86 Thomas Albert Rep Kent, Ionia 1st
87 Julie Calley Rep Barry, Ionia 1st
88 Roger Victory Rep Ottawa 3rd
89 Jim Lilly Rep Ottawa 1st
90 Daniela Garcia Rep Ottawa 2nd
91 Holly Hughes Rep Muskegon, Ottawa 3rd
92 Terry Sabo Dem Muskegon 1st
93 Tom Leonard Rep Clinton, Gratiot 3rd
94 Tim Kelly Rep Saginaw 3rd
95 Vanessa Guerra Dem Saginaw 2nd
96 Brian Elder Dem Bay 1st
97 Jason Wentworth Rep Arenac, Clare, Gladwin, Osceola 1st
98 Gary Glenn Rep Midland, Bay 2nd
99 Roger Hauck Rep Isabella, Midland 1st
100 Scott VanSingel Rep Lake, Newaygo, Oceana 1st
101 Curt VanderWall Rep Benzie, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason 1st
102 Michele Hoitenga Rep Mecosta, Osceola, Wexford 1st
103 Daire Rendon Rep Iosco, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Roscommon 1st
104 Larry C. Inman Rep Grand Traverse 2nd
105 Triston Cole Rep Antrim, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Otsego 2nd
106 Sue Allor Rep Alcona, Alpena, Crawford, Montmorency, Oscoda, Presque Isle 1st
107 Lee Chatfield Rep Cheboygan, Chippewa, Emmet, Mackinac 2nd
108 Beau LaFave Rep Delta, Dickinson, Menominee 1st
109 Sara Cambensy Dem Alger, Luce, Marquette, Schoolcraft 1st[5]
110 Scott Dianda Dem Baraga, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Marquette, Ontonagon 3rd

Officials[edit]

Speaker of the House[edit]

The 73rd and current Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House and the leader of the majority party. The current Speaker is Tom Leonard, a third-term Republican from DeWitt.

The Speaker calls the House to order at the hour to which the House last adjourned, preserves order and decorum in the chamber, recognizes Members to speak, and puts all questions. The Speaker is the chief administrator of the House and is technically the employer of all legislative staff. There is also a Speaker pro tempore and two associate Speakers pro tempore who preside in the absence of the Speaker. The full duties of the Speaker are described in Chapter II of the Rules of the House.[6]

Clerk of the House[edit]

Clerk of the Michigan House of Representatives
Incumbent
Gary L. Randall

since January 12, 2011
Style Mister Clerk
Appointer Elected by the House
Term length Pleasure of the House (nominally a two-year Legislature)
Inaugural holder George R. Griswold

The Clerk of the House of Representatives is elected by Members of the House at the beginning of each two-year term. The 33rd and current clerk is Gary L. Randall.[7] Randall also served as clerk from 1999 to 2006. The assistant clerk is Richard J. Brown, who served as clerk from 2007 to 2010. Both Randall and Brown are former Members of the House.

Under the rules of the House, the clerk is the parliamentarian of the House, presides in the absence of the Speaker or any Speaker pro tempore, takes roll at the beginning of each session day and announces whether or not a quorum is present, prepares the official calendar and journal of the House, is responsible for the care and preservation of all bills introduced in the House, and for bills sent from the Senate until they are returned to the Senate.[6][8]

Sergeant at Arms[edit]

The sergeant at arms of the House of Representatives is the chief police officer of the House, appointed by the Speaker. The current chief sergeant at arms is David D. Dickson, Jr.

The chief sergeant and the assistant sergeants are empowered as law enforcement officers by statute.[9] The sergeants at arms have authority to serve subpoenas and warrants issued by the House or any duly authorized officer or committee, see that all visitors are seated and at no time are standing on the floor or balconies of the House, ensure that reasonable decorum is maintained in the lobby immediately in front of the entrance to the chamber to ensure access for Members and to ensure equal treatment for all citizens.[6]

Committees[edit]

Article IV of the Michigan Constitution authorizes each house of the Legislature to "establish the committees necessary for the conduct of its business."[10] The House does much of its work in committees, including the review of bills, executive oversight, and the budget and appropriations process. Members of committees and their chairmen are appointed by the Speaker.[6][11] Bills are referred to a committee by the Speaker, and the chairman of a committee sets its agenda, including whether or not a bill will be reported to the full House. The Committee on Appropriations divides its work among subcommittees ordinarily structured by state department or major budget area.

There are also four statutory standing committees: Joint Committee on Administrative Rules; House Fiscal Agency Governing Committee; Legislative Council; Michigan Capitol Committee.

Unlike the Senate, the House does not utilize the committee of the whole.

House Fiscal Agency[edit]

House Fiscal Agency
Agency overview
Headquarters Cora B. Anderson House Office Building
Employees 23
Annual budget $3,105,200
Agency executives
  • Mary Ann Cleary, Director
  • Kyle I. Jen, Deputy Director
Parent department House Fiscal Agency Governing Board (Michigan House of Representatives)
Website house.mi.gov/hfa/

The House Fiscal Agency is a nonpartisan agency within the House of Representatives which provides nonpartisan expertise to members of the House Appropriations Committee, as well as all other Members of the House. Fiscal analysts review the governor's budget recommendation, review and prepare budget bills, supplemental appropriations, and certain transfer requests, provide fiscal impact statements on legislative proposals, monitor state and national situations that may have budgetary implications, research and analyze fiscal issues, prepare reports and documents to assist legislative deliberations, and prepare special reports at the request of Representatives. The economist analyzes legislation related to tax and lottery issues, respond to Representatives' inquiries regarding state tax revenue, revenue sharing, and other economic issues, monitors state revenue, tracks state, and national economic conditions, and prepares reports on revenue and other economic issues. Legislative analysts prepare concise, nonpartisan summaries and analyses of bills. Summaries, completed prior to committee deliberations, describe how a bill would change current law, including any fiscal impact. Analyses are prepared for bills reported to the full House from committee and include, with the summary information, a description of the problem being addressed, arguments for and against the bill, and positions of interested organizations.[12]

The agency is governed by a six-member board consisting of the chairman and minority vice chairman of the Appropriations Committee, the Speaker of the House and the minority leader, and the majority and minority floor leaders. The governing committee is responsible for HFA oversight, establishment of operating procedures, and appointment of the HFA director. The director is one of three state officials charged with annually forecasting the state's revenues at the Consensus Revenue Estimating Conferences, which are held at least twice each year.[13]

In January 1993, a front-page story in The Detroit News detailed a massive scandal in the House Fiscal Agency. For six years, the agency's imprest account was used to finance credit card payments, vacations, and property tax payments as well as payments to HFA employees and contract workers for non-existent workers. The scandal threatened to collapse the joint leadership agreement between the Democrats and Republicans brought about by a 55-55 partisan split in the House from the 1992 election. It resulted in Representative Dominic J. Jacobetti of Negaunee in the Upper Peninsula, the longest-serving Member in history, losing his position as chairman of the powerful Appropriations Committee.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]