Military ranks of Portugal

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The military ranks of Portugal form the system of hierarchical relationships in the Portuguese Armed Forces.

There are two basic systems of ranks. The first one is used in the Portuguese Army (Exército) and in the Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea), consisting of traditional land military ranks. This system is also used in the National Republican Guard (GNR, Guarda Nacional Republicana), a gendarmerie force that can be put under the command of the Armed Forces in case of war. The second system is used by the Portuguese Navy (Marinha), consisting of traditional naval ranks.

In the Armed Forces of Portugal, the hierarchy of ranks divides them in three large categories: Officers (oficiais), Sergeants (sargentos) and Enlisted (praças). The officers category is, in turn, subdivided into three subcategories: General officers (oficiais generais), Senior officers (oficiais superiores) and Junior officers (oficiais subalternos).

The insignia of rank used in all branches of the Armed Forces is generally similar, despite some particular details existing in each branch.[1][2]

Navy[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portuguese Navy
POR-Navy-OF10.svg POR-Navy-OF9.svg POR-Navy-OF8.svg POR-Navy-OF7.svg POR-Navy-OF6.svg POR-Navy-OF5.svg POR-Navy-OF4.svg POR-Navy-OF3.svg POR-Navy-OF2.svg POR-Navy-OF1b.svg POR-Navy-OF1a.svg POR-Navy-Aspirante-EN.png POR-Navy-OFD.svg
Almirante da Armada[note 1] Almirante Vice-almirante Contra-almirante Comodoro Capitão de Mar e Guerra Capitão de Fragata Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha and
Subtenente
Aspirante (Naval School) Aspirante (others) Cadete
Shoulder insignia POR-Navy-Admiral-of-the-Fleet-shoulder.png POR-Navy-Admiral-shoulderg.png POR-Navy-Vice-Admiral-shoulder.png POR-Navy-Rear-Admiral-shoulder.png POR-Navy-Commodore-shoulder.png
Equivalent in English Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade Ensign Aspirant Officer Naval Cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted ratings[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Portuguese Navy
POR-Navy-OR9.svg POR-Navy-OR8.svg POR-Navy-OR7.svg 8 - Primeiro-sargento (Marinha).svg 7 - Segundo-sargento (Marinha).svg 6 - Primerio-subsargento.svg 5 - Segundo-subsargento.svg 4 - Cabo.svg
(same sleeve insignia as Master Seaman)
4 - Cabo.svg 3 - Primeiro-marinheiro.svg 2 - Segundo-marinheiro.svg No insignia
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Primerio-subsargento Segundo-subsargento Cabo-mor Cabo Primeiro-marinheiro Segundo-marinheiro Grumete
Ratings in English Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Warrant Officer Class 3 Master Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Petty Officer 3rd Class Master seaman Senior Seaman Seaman Apprentice Seaman

Army[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portuguese Army
Army-POR-OF-10.svg Army-POR-OF-09.svg Army-POR-OF-08.svg Army-POR-OF-07.svg Army-POR-OF-06.svg Army-POR-OF-05a.svg Army-POR-OF-05b.svg Army-POR-OF-04.svg Army-POR-OF-03.svg Army-POR-OF-02.svg Army-POR-OF-01a.svg Army-POR-OF-01b.svg Army-POR-OF-00a.svg Army-POR-OF-00b.svg
Marechal
[note 2]
General Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general Coronel-tirocinado
[note 3]
Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-oficial Cadete

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Portuguese Army
Army-POR-OR-09.svg Army-POR-OR-08.svg Army-POR-OR-07.svg Army-POR-OR-06.svg Army-POR-OR-05a.svg Army-POR-OR-05b.svg Army-POR-OR-05c.svg Army-POR-OR-04a.svg Army-POR-OR-04b.svg Army-POR-OR-03.svg Army-POR-OR-02.svg Army-POR-OR-01.svg
Sargento-mor
Sergeant-major
Sargento-chefe
Master sergeant
Sargento-ajudante
First sergeant
Primeiro-sargento
Staff sergeant
Segundo-sargento
Sergeant
Furriel
Lance sergeant
Segundo-furriel
Second lance sergeant
Cabo de Secção
Section Corporal
Cabo-adjunto
Master corporal
Primeiro-cabo
First corporal
Segundo-cabo
Lance corporal
Soldado
Private

Air Force[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portuguese Air Force
Portugal-AirForce-OF-10.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-6.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-5.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-3.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-(D).svg Various
Marechal[note 2] General Tenente General Major General Brigadeiro General Coronel Tenente Coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-Oficial Cadete Aluno
Ranks in English Marshal of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Aspirant Officer cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Portuguese Air Force
Smor tt.TIF Schefe t.PNG Saju t.PNG Portugal-AirForce-OR-6b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-6a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-1.svg
Sargento-Mor Sargento-Chefe Sargento-Ajudante Primeiro-Sargento Segundo-Sargento Furriel Segundo-Furriel Cabo-Adjunto Primeiro-Cabo Segundo-Cabo Soldado Soldado-Recruta
Ranks in English Command Chief Master Sergeant Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior Airman Airman First Class Airman Airman Basic

National Republican Guard[edit]

The National Republican Guard use the same rank system as the Army, but the NRG has different ranks for enlisted personnel, NCOs and general officers.

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portugal National Republican Guard
No equivalent
No equivalent Portugal NRG OF-5.svg Portugal NRG OF-4.svg Portugal NRG OF-3.svg Portugal NRG OF-2.svg Portugal NRG OF-1b.svg Portugal NRG OF-1a.svg Portugal NRG OF-D.svg
Tenente-general
Comandante-general
Lieutenant-general
Commandant-general
Tenente-general
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Major-general
Coronel
Colonel
Tenente-coronel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Major
Capitão
Captain
Tenente
First Lieutenant
Alferes
Second Lieutenant
Aspirante
Officer candidate

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal National Republican Guard
Portugal NRG OR-9.svg Portugal NRG OR-8.svg Portugal NRG OR-7.svg Portugal NRG OR-6.svg Portugal NRG OR-5b.svg Portugal NRG OR-5a.svg Portugal NRG OR-4b.svg Portugal NRG OR-4a.svg Portugal NRG OR-3b.svg Portugal NRG OR-3a.svg Portugal NRG OR-2b.svg Portugal NRG OR-2a.svg No Equivalent
Sargento-mor
Sergeant-major
Sargento-chefe
Master sergeant
Sargento-ajudante
First sergeant
Primeiro-sargento
Staff sergeant
Segundo-sargento
Sergeant
Furriel
Lance sergeant
Cabo-mor
Master corporal
Cabo-chefe
Corporal first class
Cabo-de-curso
Corporal
Cabo
Lance corporal
Guarda Principal
Guardsman first class
Guarda
Guardsman

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank.
  2. ^ a b Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank
  3. ^ Colonel who has completed the General Officer training course. Between 1929 and 1937, the Coronel-tirocinado was called Brigadeiro.

References[edit]