Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism (Austria)
This article uses HTML markup. (February 2019)
|Bundesministerium für Nachhaltigkeit und Tourismus|
|Headquarters||Stubenring 1 |
In Austrian politics, the Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism (German: Bundesministerium für Nachhaltigkeit und Tourismus or BMNT, although often called Nachhaltigkeitsministerium ) is the ministry in charge of agricultural policy, forestry, hunting, fishing, viticulture and wine law, environmental protection, energy, mining, animal welfare, and the tourism industry. The Ministry was first created in 2000 through a merger of the Ministry of Agriculture (Landwirtschaftsministerium) and the Ministry of Environment (Umweltministerium); it gained responsibility for the energy sector, mining, and tourism under the Kurz cabinet in 2018.
The Ministry's earliest precursor was the Cisleithanian Ministry of Agriculture (Ackerbauministerium), created in 1867. In additional to agriculture, the Ministry was responsible for regulating hunting, fishing, and hydraulic engineering, excluding hydraulic engineering of military importance. The organization was renamed to Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Ministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft) in 1918 and was briefly called a department (Staatsamt) rather than a ministry during the two periods of constitutional transition following the two World Wars. Except for the name, however, the Ministry survived mostly in its original form until 2000.
In 1972, Austria established the Ministry of Health and the Environment (Ministerium für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, usually called Gesundheitsministerium or Umweltministerium for short). In 1987, family affairs were added to its portfolio, turning it into the Ministry of Environment, Youth and Family Affairs (Ministerium für Umwelt, Jugend und Familie) 
In 2000, the two ministries were combined to form the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (Ministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft, although often called Lebensministerium). Responsibility for family affairs was moved to the Ministry of Social Affairs (Sozialministerium) at the time.
When the Kurz cabinet took office in December 2017, the ministry was put in charge of the energy sector, mining, and tourism in addition to its existing powers and duties; it also gained its current designation. The additional responsibilities created an institution with exceptionally broad authority; the new ministry has been described as a "super ministry" (Superministerium)  and a "behemoth" (Riese); the cabinet had difficulties finding a new name that would adequately reflect its extensive purview, the present minister has noted. The move was not completely uncontroversial.
As of January 2018, the Ministry is charged with regulating, supervising, or managing, respectively:
- agricultural policy and law;
- the food sector with the exception of food safety;
- forestry policy and law;
- domestic markets for agricultural, food and forestry products, including seeds and seed stock, animal food, fertilizer, plant protection products, including their regulatory approval, with the exception of price regulation, surveillance, and control;
- imports and exports;
- wine law and viticultural supervision;
- land reform; agricultural authorities; agricultural and forestry real estate transactions;
- measures aimed at reducing the agriculture and forestry sector's exposure to debt;
- water law and water management with the exception of the engineering aspects of waterway, water supply, and sewerage construction;
- plant protection;
- agricultural and forestry schools, including human resources management, to the extent not handles by the Chancellery;
- agricultural and forestry commodity exchanges;
- professional representation of agricultural and forestry entrepreneurs and freelancers;
- management of public real estate used for agriculture and forestry;
- hunting and fishing;
- protecting Austria's border waters and safeguarding Austria's water rights and water management interests; engineering aspects of water construction in border waters, with the exception of the Danube, the March, and the Thaya downstream from Bernhardsthal;
- climate and environmental protection;
- waste management and rehabilitation of contaminated sites;
- species conservation;
- protection of natural caves;
- protection from ionizing radiation;
- traffic and commerce in poisonous substances;
- the energy sector, excepting matters within the purview of the Ministry of Digital and Economic Affairs;
As of May 2018, the ministry consists of the Minister and her personal staff (Kabinett), the office of the general secretary, a special coordination department, and six numbered regular departments (Sektionen):
- Environmental and climate protection (Umwelt und Klimaschutz)
- Agriculture and rural development (Landwirtschaft und ländliche Entwicklung)
- Forestry (Forstwirtschaft)
- Water management and hydraulic engineering (Wasserwirtschaft)
- Waste management, chemicals policy, and environmental technology (Abfallwirtschaft, Chemiepolitik und Umwelttechnologie)
- Energy and mining (Energie und Bergbau)
The Minister and her staff are political appointees; the general secretary and the section heads are career civil servants.
|State Secretariat of Agriculture
Staatsamt für Landwirtschaft
|Renner I||Josef Stöckler||CS||October 30, 1918|
|Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft
|Renner II||Josef Stöckler||CS||March 15, 1919|
|Renner III||October 17, 1919|
|Karl Renner (interim)||SPÖ||June 24, 1920|
|Mayr I||Alois Haueis||CS||July 7, 1920|
|Mayr II||November 20, 1920|
|Schober I||Leopold Hennet||none||June 21, 1921|
|Breisky||January 26, 1922|
|Schober II||January 27, 1922|
|Seipel I||Rudolf Buchinger||CS||May 31, 1922|
|Seipel II||April 17, 1923|
|Seipel III||November 20, 1923|
|Ramek I||November 20, 1924|
|Ramek II||Andreas Thaler||CS||January 15, 1926|
|Seipel IV||October 20, 1926|
|Seipel V||May 19, 1927|
|Streeruwitz||Florian Födermayr||CS||May 4, 1929|
|Schober III||September 26, 1929|
|Vaugoin||Andreas Thaler||CS||September 30, 1930|
|Ender||December 4, 1930|
|Engelbert Dollfuß (interim)||CS||March 18, 1931|
|Buresch I||June 20, 1931|
|Buresch II||January 29, 1932|
|Dollfuß I||May 20, 1932|
|Dollfuß II||September 21, 1932|
|Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg||VF||July 26, 1934|
|Schuschnigg I||Josef Reither||VF||July 29, 1934|
|Ludwig Strobl||VF||October 17, 1935|
|Schuschnigg II||Kurt Schuschnigg (interim)||VF||May 14, 1936|
|Peter Mandorfer||VF||May 15, 1936|
|Schuschnigg III||November 3, 1936|
|Schuschnigg IV||February 16, 1938|
|Seyß-Inquart||Anton Reinthaller||NSDAP||March 11, 1938|
|State Secretariat of Agriculture and Forestry
Staatsamt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft
|Renner||Rudolf Buchinger||ÖVP||April 27, 1945|
|Josef Kraus||ÖVP||September 26, 1945|
|Ministry of Agriculture
Bundesministerium für Landwirtschaft
|Figl I||Josef Kraus||ÖVP||December 20, 1945|
|Figl II||November 8, 1949|
|Franz Thoma||ÖVP||January 23, 1952|
|Figl III||October 28, 1952|
|Raab I||April 2, 1953|
|Raab II||June 29, 1956|
|Raab III||Eduard Hartmann||ÖVP||July 16, 1959|
|Raab IV||November 3, 1960|
|Gorbach I||April 11, 1961|
|Gorbach II||March 27, 1963|
|Klaus I||Karl Schleinzer||ÖVP||April 2, 1964|
|Klaus II||April 19, 1966|
|Kreisky I||Johann Öllinger||none||April 21, 1970|
|Oskar Weihs||SPÖ||May 22, 1970|
|Kreisky II||November 4, 1971|
|Kreisky III||October 28, 1975|
|Josef Staribacher (interim)||SPÖ||October 1, 1976|
|Günter Haiden||SPÖ||October 1, 1976|
|Kreisky IV||June 5, 1979|
|Sinowatz||May 24, 1983|
|Vranitzky I||Erich Schmidt||SPÖ||June 16, 1986|
|Vranitzky II||Josef Riegler||ÖVP||January 21, 1987|
|Franz Fischler||ÖVP||April 24, 1989|
|Vranitzky III||December 17, 1990|
|Jürgen Weiss (interim)||ÖVP||November 17, 1994|
|Vranitzky IV||Wilhelm Molterer||ÖVP||November 29, 1994|
|Vranitzky V||March 12, 1996|
|Klima||January 28, 1997|
|Schüssel I||February 4, 2000|
|Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management
Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft
|Schüssel I||Wilhelm Molterer||ÖVP||April 1, 2000|
|Schüssel II||Josef Pröll||ÖVP||February 28, 2003|
|Gusenbauer||January 11, 2007|
|Faymann I||Nikolaus Berlakovich||ÖVP||December 2, 2008|
|Faymann II||Andrä Rupprechter||ÖVP||December 16, 2013|
|Kern||May 17, 2016|
|Kurz||Elisabeth Köstinger||ÖVP||December 18, 2017|
|Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism
Bundesministerium für Nachhaltigkeit und Tourismus
|Kurz||Elisabeth Köstinger||ÖVP||January 8, 2017|
- "Der Standard archive search". May 6, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Die Presse archive search". May 6, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Bundesministeriengesetz-Novelle 2017". BGBl. I No. 164/2017 of December 28, 2017 (in German). Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Türkis-Blau: Das sind die neuen Minister". Kurier. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "16-köpfiges ÖVP-FPÖ-Team vereidigt". ORF. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Curriculum Vitae of the Federal Minister Norbert Hofer". BMVIT. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Die Minsterin" (in German). BMNT. March 19, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Köstinger gibt Landwirtschaftsministerium neue Organisationsstruktur" (in German). Die Presse. January 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Geschichte des Ministeriums" (in German). BMNT. January 16, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "150 Jahre Landwirtschaftsminiterium" (in German). BMNT. April 4, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "History of the Ministry". BMNT. January 16, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Acht Minister neu angelobt" (in German). Die Presse. January 8, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Warum Landwirtschaft im Superministerium von Köstinger keinen Platz hat" (in German). Die Presse. January 19, 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Kurz' Minister: Wie sie wurden, was sie nun sind" (in German). Die Presse. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
- "Bundesministeriengesetz 1986 in der Fassung vom 28. Dezember 2017" (in German). BKA. December 28, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
- "Aufgaben und Struktur dem BMNT" (in German). BMNT. Retrieved 2018-05-06.