|90th Minnesota Legislature|
New session started
|January 3, 2017|
Length of term
|4 years when elected in years ending in 2 and 6.
2 years when elected in years ending in 0.
|Authority||Article IV, Minnesota Constitution|
|Salary||$45,000/year + per diem|
|November 8, 2016|
|November 3, 2020|
Minnesota State Capitol
Saint Paul, Minnesota
The Minnesota Senate is the upper house of the Legislature of the U.S. state of Minnesota. At 67 members, half as many as the Minnesota House of Representatives, it is the largest upper house of any U.S. state legislature. Floor sessions are held in the west wing of the State Capitol in Saint Paul. Committee hearings, as well as offices for senators and staff, are located north of the State Capitol in the Minnesota Senate Building.
Due to the restoration process of the State Capitol taking place since 2014, the Senate held floor sessions in 2016 in the Minnesota Senate Building, an office building across the street north of the State Capitol. It was the first time the Senate held a regular session outside of the State Capitol since its opening in 1905.
In addition to its legislative powers, certain appointments by the governor are subject to the Senate's advice and consent. Appointees may serve without being confirmed by the Senate, unless the Senate rejects the appointment.
Each Senate district includes an A and B House district (e.g. Senate district 41 contains House districts 41A and 41B). The Minnesota Constitution forbids a House district to be within more than one Senate district. Before the 1960s, senators were apportioned by county, resulting in the underrepresentation of those in cities. In order to account for decennial redistricting, members run for one two-year term and two four-year terms each decade. They are elected for four-year terms in years ending in 2 and 6, and for two-year terms in years ending in 0. Districts are redrawn after the decennial United States Census in time for the primary and general elections in years ending in 2. The most recent election was held on November 8, 2016.
From statehood through 1972, the lieutenant governor served as president of the Senate. In 1972, voters approved a constitutional amendment that provided for the Senate to elect its own president beginning January 1973. The majority leader is responsible for managing and scheduling the business of the Senate and serves as the leader of their caucus.
Minnesota Senate Building
All senators and staff have offices in the Minnesota Senate Building, a 293,000 square feet office building that opened in January 2016. The office building, which is located north of the State Capitol across University Avenue, was constructed at the cost of $90 million and includes three committee hearing rooms and a 264-space underground parking facility.
- 90th Minnesota Legislature (2017–19)
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of the previous Legislature||28||38||66||1|
|December 15, 2017[nb 1]||32||66||1|
|February 2018[nb 2]||33||67||0|
|Latest voting share||50.7%||49.3%|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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- Legislatures, National Conference of State. "Number of Legislators and Length of Terms in Years". www.ncsl.org. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Creation and Organization of Executive Branch Agencies". Minnesota House of Representatives Research Department. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "Minn. Const. art. IV, § 3". Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
- "Minn. Const. art. IV, § 4". Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
- "President and President Pro Tempore of the Minnesota Senate, 1849-present". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
- Davis, Don (January 11, 2016). "Minnesota Senate Building quietly opens in spite of disagree..." Forum News Service. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "After controversy, new Minnesota Senate Office Building finally opens". Twin Cities. 2016-01-11. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
- "Party Control of the Minnesota Senate, 1951-present". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
- "Minnesota Legislators Past & Present - Session Search Results". Legislators Past & Present. Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved September 16, 2016.