Minni Minnawi

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Minni Minnawi
Minni Minnawi and George W Bush (cropped).jpg
Minnawi was rewarded for signing the peace agreement with a meeting with U.S. President George W. Bush in July 2006
Chairperson of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
In office
23 April 2007 – 6 December 2010
Preceded byoffice created
Succeeded byShartai Jaafar Abdel Hakam
Personal details
Born (1968-12-12) December 12, 1968 (age 52)
Furawiyya, North Darfur, Republic of the Sudan[1]
Political partySudan Liberation Movement

Suliman Arcua Minnawi (Arabic: سليمان أركو مناوي‎), known as "Minni Minnawi" (مني مناوي; born December 12, 1968 in Furawiyya, North Darfur), is a Sudanese politician who was the leader of the largest faction of the Sudanese Liberation Army. A former educator, Minnawi was the Secretary of Sudan Liberation Army leader, Abdul Wahid Nur, before the organisation split in 2004. Minnawi belongs to the Zaghawa ethnic group, the Ila Digen (or Awlad Digayn) clan of the non-Arab, Saharan Zaghawa people.

Minnawi signed a treaty, known as the Darfur Peace Agreement, with the Khartoum government in May 2006. Nevertheless, in July 2006, fighting broke out around the North Darfur town of Korma, resulting in the deaths of at least 80 people.[2] In the same year, Minnawi was appointed the top Sudanese official in the Darfur region, as chairman of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority, and was technically the fourth ranking member of the Presidency, as Senior Assistant to the President of the Republic.

On September 14, 2006, in defiance of Khartoum's opposition, Minnawi supported the new UN peacekeeping force detailed in UNSC Resolution 1706, which was designed to protect the Sudanese people.[3] Minnawi opposed the Sudan government's genocidal agenda, which was exercised by Bashir against the Zaghawa, and other Black African citizens, for which crimes Bashir was later indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC).[4]

In December 2010, after repeated complaints of non-compliance by the National Congress Party with the peace accords, the Sudan Liberation Movement withdrew from the Darfur Peace Agreement.[5] Minnawi resigned as Senior Assistant to the President of Sudan and as Chairperson of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority,[6] to merge his faction, SLM/MM, with the other resistance defense forces in Darfur, including SLM/AW, Abdul Wahid, in resisting attacks by the Sudanese Armed Forces, and its militia, on citizens in rebel-held areas. In 2011, SLM/MM joined the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) opposed to the Khartoum Government.[7]


  1. ^ Alsharq AL-Aawsat Page 8 ، Tuesday 6/4/2010 No 11452
  2. ^ "BBC NEWS - Africa - Bloody battle in northern Darfur". Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  3. ^ "Thomson Reuters Foundation". Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2012-11-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Sudan rebel chief ready to battle Khartoum". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Bashir removes Minnawi from chairmanship of Darfur Transitional Authority - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com.
  7. ^ "Sudan army kills Darfur rebel leader". www.aljazeera.com.
Political offices
Preceded by
Office created
Chairperson of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
Succeeded by
Shartai Jaafar Abdel Hakam