Monaco–United States relations
Monaco and the United States exchanged consular officials soon after the end of the United States Civil War. The first consul from Monaco to the US was Louis Borg, who presented his credentials in May 1866. In 1897 it was estimated that this consulate in New York served less than half a dozen citizens of Monaco (with around 40 in the entire USA in 1901 ), and supported no extensive commerce. Derisive commentary at the time suggested that the primary role of maintaining the unpaid consul was to provide a reception for Monaco's navy of one steam ship. The first US consular agent was Emile de Loth, accredited in February 1874, but this post was closed and moved to Nice in 1906.
A US consulate was briefly set up in Monaco in November 1942 by Walter Orebaugh at the behest of his superior Pinkney Tuck. It was located in two rooms of the Hotel Metropole. But it was closed a few days later by invading Italian forces.
Prince Albert I of Monaco travelled to the US three times. Monaco hosted US soldiers during the First World War. From 1956 until her death in 1982, the American-born Grace Kelly was married to Prince Rainier III. They made their first official visit to the United States in 1956.
Until 2006 Monaco's only career Consul-General (Maguy Maccario Doyle in 2006) operated out of New York, but directed all the Honorary Consuls in placements worldwide.
In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations. Shortly thereafter, Craig Stapleton (ambassador to France) was accredited to Monaco, and ambassador Gilles Noghes became the first Monegasque ambassador to the United States. In 2009 Stapleton was replaced by Charles Rivkin. The United States does not yet have a diplomatic mission located in Monaco but there is an embassy in Paris, and a consulate general in Marseille. On December 3, 2013, Maguy Maccario Doyle was appointed to be the Monegasque ambassador to the United States by Prince Albert II. She is the first woman to hold that post.
- "History of Relations, Monaco with USA," Embassy of Monaco in Washington DC, www.monacodc.org/.
- "Consul from Monaco". Reading Eagle. 20 January 1901. p. 7. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Foreign Consuls - Every Nation on the Earth Represented in New York". The Bristol Herald. 1 July 1897. p. 10. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Moskin, J. Robert (2013). American Statecraft: The Story of the U.S. Foreign Service. Macmillan. pp. 427–428. ISBN 9781250037459.
- "21-gun Salute Greets Monaco Royalty on Visit to USMA". The Newsburgh News. 5 November 1956. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Monaco's Royal Couple Arrives in New York". St. Petersburgh Times. 12 September 1956. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Monaco Honorary Consul in Chicago". The Monaco Times. 22 September 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Background Note: Monaco
- Irving-Bevans, Charles (1968). Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949. 9: Iraq-Muscat. Department of State. p. 1272.