Monarchy of China
|History of China|
|Neolithic c. 8500 – c. 2070 BC|
|Xia c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC|
|Shang c. 1600 – c. 1046 BC|
|Zhou c. 1046 – 256 BC|
|Spring and Autumn|
|Qin 221–207 BC|
|Han 202 BC – 220 AD|
|Three Kingdoms 220–280|
|Wei, Shu and Wu|
|Eastern Jin||Sixteen Kingdoms|
|Northern and Southern dynasties|
|(Wu Zhou 690–705)|
|Five Dynasties and
|Northern Song||Western Xia|
|Republic of China on mainland 1912–1949|
|People's Republic of China 1949–present|
|Republic of China on Taiwan 1949–present|
China was a monarchy since ancient times up to 1912 CE when the Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing dynasty in favor of the Republic of China. The succession of mythological monarchs of China were non-hereditary. Dynastic rule began in circa 2070 BCE when Yu the Great established the Xia dynasty, and lasted until 1912 CE when dynastic rule collapsed together with the monarchical system.
The defunct monarchy of China took the form of absolute monarchy, even though the actual power of the ruler was dependent upon his/her ability to consolidate the rule. During periods of political disunity, China was under the rule of competing dynasties, each ruling a part of China; in such cases, more than one Chinese monarchy existed simultaneously. Throughout history, the Chinese monarchy came to be ruled by dynasties of both ethnic Han and non-Han origins.
Monarchism in China
After the success of the Xinhai Revolution, there were various attempts at re-establishing the Chinese monarchy.
Empire of China
The Japanese puppet state Manchukuo was established in Northeast China in 1932 CE. This regime subsequently became a monarchy with Puyi as the emperor in 1934 CE. Manchukuo collapsed in 1945 CE following the unconditional surrender of Japan.
Domains of the Chinese monarchy
At various points in time, the Chinese monarchy exercised control over China proper (including Hainan, Macau, and Hong Kong), Taiwan, Manchuria (both Inner Manchuria and Outer Manchuria), Sakhalin, Mongolia (both Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia), Vietnam, Tibet, Xinjiang, as well as parts of Central Asia, the Korean Peninsula, and Siberia.
Mural painting of court life in the Northern Qi.
- Chinese Empire Reform Association
- Chinese imperialism
- Chinese nobility
- Chinese sovereign
- Dragon Throne
- Dynasties in Chinese history
- East Asian cultural sphere
- Emperor at home, king abroad
- Emperor of China
- Family tree of ancient Chinese emperors
- Family tree of Chinese monarchs (early)
- Family tree of Chinese monarchs (late)
- Family tree of Chinese monarchs (middle)
- Foreign relations of imperial China
- Golden ages of China
- Head of the former Chinese imperial clan
- Head of the House of Aisin Gioro
- Historical capitals of China
- History of China
- List of Chinese monarchs
- List of recipients of tribute from China
- List of tributary states of China
- Mandate of Heaven
- Names of China
- Pax Sinica
- Political systems of Imperial China
- Royalist Party
- Timeline of Chinese history
- Tributary system of China
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qing dynasty sakhalin.
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