Montclair Public Library
|Location||Montclair, New Jersey, USA|
|Access and use|
Montclair Public Library - Bellevue Avenue Branch
|Location||185 Bellevue Avenue, Montclair, New Jersey|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival, Institutional|
|NRHP reference No.||86003076|
|Added to NRHP||July 1, 1988|
|Designated NJRHP||September 29, 1986|
The Montclair Public Library is the public library for the township of Montclair located in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. It serves the residents from two buildings, the Main Library and the Bellevue Avenue Branch. It is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System.
The Montclair Public Library had its beginnings with the founding of the Montclair Library Association, a 30-person subscription-based organization started by Israel Crane in 1869. On April 12, 1893 citizens of Montclair voted to establish a free public library. It was housed on the second floor of Dr. John J.H. Love's office at 16 Church Street. Mary F. Weeks served as the first Library Director, until 1897. An abandoned inn (called Munn Tavern) was purchased and became the new home for the Library in 1898.
A branch was established in 1899 in a rented room in the real estate office of John Mancini on Bellevue Avenue, near the train station.
The first building constructed solely for the library was completed in 1904 with $40,000 from the Carnegie Corporation. This building at 73 Church Street served as the main library for 50 years. This building is now part of the Unitarian Church, located at the intersection of Valley Road and Church Street.
In 1913, the Carnegie Corporation gave Montclair a second sum of $40,000 for the construction of the Bellevue Avenue Branch. Designed by the architect Francis A. Nelson, the branch opened on December 26, 1914.
In 1927, Margery Quigley became the sixth director of the library. Her book "Portrait of a Library"OCLC 1750291, co-authored with William Marcus, the library board president, was revolutionary for changing the concept of public libraries from that of a place for quiet reading to that of a dynamic information center. It drew the attention of Director Hans Burger, who developed a film of the same name in 1940, which was distributed by the Museum of Modern Art and shown throughout the world under the auspices of the U.S. Department of State. In February 1942, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) designed the first ever punch card data processing system for the library, also making the first public library in the United States to have a computerized circulation system.
In 1955 the Davella Mills Foundation donated the former site of Dr. Love's home, whose offices served as the first library, as the site for the new library building. They also contributed $250,000 toward the $800,000 construction cost. Designed by Ralph Walker of Voorhees, Walker, Foley and Smith was noted for its large glass windows and an absence of internal load bearing walls.
- Mary F. Weeks (1893-1897)
- S. Augusta Smith (1897-1909)
- Katherine School (1909-1912)
- Helen M. Hereling (1912-1915)
- Alta M. Barker (1915-1927)
- Margery C. Quigley (1927-1956)
- Ruth P. Tubby (1956-1968)
- Arthur Curley (1968-1975)
- Betty J. Turock (1975-1977)
- Phillip M. Clark (1978)
- Ellen Foth (acting, December 1978-April 1979)
- Michael L. Connell (1979-1999)
- Carol W. Robinson (acting, 1999-2000)
- Howard W. Curtis (2000-2001)
- Cheryl M. McCoy (acting, 2001; director, 2002-2006)
- Mary Lou Skillin (acting, 2006)
- David Hinkley (2006–2016)
- Peter Coyl (2017–present)
- IMLS Data. https://www.imls.gov/research-evaluation/data-collection/public-libraries-survey
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. April 1, 2010. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 19, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "Library History". Montclair Public Library. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- Guy A. Marco, "The American Public Library Handbook", ABC-CLIO, 2011, page 370.
- John Carlo Bertot, Paul T. Jaeger, Charles R. McClure, "Public Libraries and the Internet: Roles, Perspectives, and Implications", Libraries Unlimited, 2010, page 60.
- Marco (2011), page 287.