NPO Molniya

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NPO Molniya
TypeOpen joint-stock company
IndustryScience and production
FoundedFebruary 26, 1976; 44 years ago (1976-02-26)
OwnerRostec (60%)[1]

Coordinates: 55°50′28″N 37°26′55″E / 55.84111°N 37.44861°E / 55.84111; 37.44861 NPO Molniya (lightning) (Russian: Научно-производственное объединение «Молния») is a Russian scientific and production enterprise, founded on February 26, 1976. Currently part of Rostec.[1]

Space systems[edit]

At present, NPO Molniya is working on reusable launch systems for space applications.


Triplane Molniya-1

The NPO Molniya Molniya-1 is a three surface design with single pusher propeller and twin tail booms. In the late 1990s, the company proposed a number of larger types based on the three surface configuration.[2][3]

  • Molniya 400 - a proposed jet cargo aircraft or airliner with a high-mounted wing and powered by two PS-90A turbofans. Freighter version would have had a rear fuselage ramp.
  • Molniya-1000 Heracles - a proposed super heavy freighter to replace the VM-T Atlant and An-225 as a space load carrier. Unusual twin open fuselage design with the shuttle or other payload carried between the fuselages. A high mounted wing with six turbofan engines was proposed, it would have been capable of carrying a 450,000 kg load. Displayed as model at the 2003 Paris Air Show[4]



Manned Spacecraft[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Список аффилированных лиц". Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Molniya" Research & Industrial Corporation
  3. ^ Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-115-3.
  4. ^ "Popular Mechanics". Hearst Magazines. February 2004.

External links[edit]