|United States Senator|
from New York
January 14, 1826 – March 3, 1831
|Preceded by||Rufus King|
|Succeeded by||William L. Marcy|
March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1821
|Preceded by||Obadiah German|
|Succeeded by||Martin Van Buren|
|Chancellor of New York|
|Preceded by||James Kent|
|Succeeded by||Samuel Jones|
|Born||November 5, 1777|
Bridgehampton, New York, U.S.
|Died||October 17, 1838 (aged 60)|
Flushing, New York, U.S.
(now New York City)
|Political party||Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)|
National Republican (1825–1833)
Elizabeth Van Horn
Mary Malbone Isaacs
(m. 1813; died 1816)
|Relations||Peter Gansevoort (son-in-law)|
|Children||7, including Edward|
Litchfield Law School
In 1803, he was appointed as United States Attorney for the District of New York, and remained in office until 1815 when the district was split into the Northern and the Southern District of New York.
He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1808-09 and 1811. In 1811, he was elected Speaker on January 29, but could not attend the session after February 10 because of ill health. The Assembly moved to elect a new Speaker and proceeded to the election of William Ross. He was a member of the New York State Senate (Southern D.) from 1812 to 1815, sitting in the 35th, 36th, 37th and 38th New York State Legislatures.
In 1815, he was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1815, to March 3, 1821. He was Chairman of the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (15th and 16th United States Congresses), and a member of the Committee on Naval Affairs (15th Congress) and the Committee on Finance (16th Congress). In 1821, he ran for re-election as a Clintonian, but was defeated by Bucktail Martin Van Buren.
In 1826, he resigned the chancellorship after his nomination in caucus, and was elected again to the U.S. Senate. He took his seat on January 31, 1826, and served until March 3, 1831. He was Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations (19th United States Congress). Afterwards he resumed the practice of law in Flushing, New York.
Sanford was married three times. His first marriage was to Elizabeth "Eliza" Van Horn (1780–1811). His residence in Flushing, "Sanford Hall", became a private insane asylum in 1845, run by Dr. James Macdonald, MD and Gen. Allan Macdonald. Together, Nathan and Eliza were the parents of several children, including:
- Edward Sanford (1805–1876), a New York State Senator.
- Eliza Sanford, who married John Le Breton.
- Charles Sanford.
- Henry Sanford.
After his first wife's death in 1811, Sanford was remarried to Mary Esther Malbone Isaacs (1790–1816), the eldest daughter of Col. Ralph Isaacs and Elizabeth (née Sebor) Isaacs, in 1813. Together, they were the parents of two children:
- Mary Sanford (1814–1841), who married Peter Gansevoort (1788–1876), also a New York State Senator.
- Henry Sanford (1816–1832), who died young.
- "SANFORD, Nathan - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Sandford, Ann (2017). Reluctant Reformer: Nathan Sanford in the Era of the Early Republic. SUNY Press. ISBN 9781438466934. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Nathan Sanford Papers, 1799-1865". www.nysl.nysed.gov. Manuscripts and Special Collections: New York State Library. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Sanford Family Papers, ca. 1799-1919". www.nysl.nysed.gov. Manuscripts and Special Collections: . Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- United States Congress. "Nathan Sanford (id: S000052)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Nathan Sanford at Find a Grave