National Animal Identification and Tracing
National Animal Identification and Tracing (NAIT) is a system of agricultural animal tracing in New Zealand for biosecurity and human health. The schemes use radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology and a national database to trace animals from birth to either slaughter or live export.
NAIT was introduced by the National Animal Identification and Tracing Act 2012 which replaced the Animal Identification Act 1993. NAIT can refer to the Act, the company of the same name created by the Act, the schemes for cattle and deer or identification devices and identifiers issued under the schemes.
On 1 July 2013 the NAIT company merged with Animal Health Board to become OSPRI New Zealand.
The investigation into the 2017 Mycoplasma bovis outbreak indicated that farmers were not being fully compliant, e.g. with the "cash sale" of bobby calves, although there has only been one conviction under the act (resulting in a $150 fine)
Federated Farmers, a farmers membership organisation, oppose the NAIT system saying that it will impose extra costs on farmers and will not result in any benefits. Farmers also fear that the NAIT scheme will be used to impose a greenhouse gas emissions tax under an emissions trading scheme. A Federated Farmers survey found that 2% supported NAIT and 80% opposed it. A NAIT working group claimed that there would be on-farm benefits.
- Pizzuti, T.; Mirabelli, G. (2016). "Future technology in tracing animals on the food chain". In Espiñeira, Montserrat; Santaclara, Francisco J. (eds.). Advances in Food Traceability Techniques and Technologies: Improving Quality Throughout the Food Chain. Woodhead Publishing. p. 183. ISBN 9780081003213.
- "QA on Mycoplasma bovis, untangling truth from fiction of cattle disease". Stuff (Fairfax). 28 May 2018.
- "Primary industries head criticises farmers for not tagging animals". Stuff (Fairfax). 20 October 2017.
- "NAIT responsibility: the buck stops with farmers". Stuff (Fairfax). 15 December 2017.
- "Farmers given ultimatum to comply with animal tagging system". Stuff (Fairfax). 20 December 2017.
- "Why NAIT failed in cattle disease outbreak and what's being done about it". Stuff (Fairfax). 16 May 2018.
- "Changes to animal tracing system ordered with tougher approach to enforcement". Stuff (Fairfax). 18 May 2018.
- "Law changes give MPI more power in wake of cattle disease". Stuff (Fairfax). 17 August 2018.
- Federated Farmers (2008-05-22). "Feds say no to NAIT". Federated Farmers. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Steeman, Marta (2009-01-02). "Farmers fear fishhooks in tagging plan". The Press.