National Parks of Ukraine

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National nature parks of Ukraine are preservation territories that are part of the Nature-Preservation Fund of Ukraine. The total area protected by national parks is approximately 1,111,600 hectares (11,116 km2), for an average of 22,685 hectares (226.85 km2) but a median of only 14,836 hectares (148.36 km2) at Zalissya. The largest national park is Upper Pobozhia in Khmelnytskyi Oblast: at over 100,000 hectares (1,000 km2). The smallest park is Derman-Ostroh National Nature Park, at less than 5,500 hectares (55 km2).

This category of the Nature-Preservation Fund was mainly established after the fall of the Soviet Union. There were very few parks in Ukraine and most of them were in the West.

List[edit]

# Name Photo Location Official website (Ukrainian) Area (ha) Year Description
1 Azov-Syvash
О. Куюк-Тук - 1.jpg
Kherson Oblast
46°06′07″N 34°23′06″E / 46.102°N 34.385°E / 46.102; 34.385
Азово-Сиваський 52154 1993 Located on Byriuchyi Island in the northwestern Azov Sea. The park was created to protect the unique coastal environment of the northwestern Azov. It is particularly important as a stop on the flyway for migratory birds, with over a million birds visiting each year.[1]
2 Buzk's Gard
Ранкова краса Південного Буга.jpg
Mykolaiv Oblast
48°02′24″N 30°56′49″E / 48.040°N 30.947°E / 48.040; 30.947
Бузький Гард 6138 2009 Covers an area along the Southern Bug River in south-central Ukraine. At this point, the Southern Bug River cuts through the southern edge of the Ukrainian Shield (a block of Archean basement rock).[2]
3 Carpathian
Карпатский 05.jpg
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
48°18′00″N 24°35′02″E / 48.300°N 24.584°E / 48.300; 24.584
Карпатський 50303 1980 Carpathian National Nature Park is the first national park of Ukraine and one of the biggest national parks of this country.[3]
4 Charming Harbor
Djangul01.jpg
Crimea
45°30′00″N 32°42′00″E / 45.500°N 32.700°E / 45.500; 32.700
Чарівна гавань 6270 2009 Covers a coastal sector of the Tarkhankut Peninsula (itself a part of the Crimean peninsula) on the Black Sea. The park protects and exhibits steppe landscape as it descends to the seacoast in a semi-arid environment and with dramatic cliffs and rock formations.[4]
5 Cheremosh
Дитячі Будні.jpg
Chernivtsi Oblast
47°59′42″N 25°05′46″E / 47.995°N 25.096°E / 47.995; 25.096
Черемоський 7118 2009 A collection of three reserves in the northeastern section of the Carpathian Mountains, located in southwestern Ukraine. The park highlights the highly varied geology of the northeastern Carpathians, as well as the deep spruce forests of the region.[5]
6 Derman-Ostroh
Околиці села Буща.jpg
Rivne Oblast
50°19′44″N 26°31′12″E / 50.329°N 26.520°E / 50.329; 26.520
Дермансько-Острозький 1648 2009 Sits in a river valley that separates the southern edge of the Polesian Lowland, and the northern edge of the Podolian Upland in northwestern Ukraine. The terrain is a mixture of pine-oak forest and marshy river lowlands.[6]
7 Desna-Starogutsky
Сосновий ліс на березі річки Десна.jpg
Sumy Oblast
52°09′58″N 33°25′01″E / 52.166°N 33.417°E / 52.166; 33.417
Деснянсько-Старогутський 16215 1999 Covers a middle section of the Desna River in northeastern Ukraine, representing the variety of wetland and mixed forest landscapes of the eastern Polesia region. The park contains two sections, one on the floodplains of the Desna, the other in the southern region of the Bryansk forest on the Russian border.[7]
8 Dniester Canyon
Острови Інь і Янь.jpg
Ternopil Oblast
48°39′00″N 25°44′06″E / 48.650°N 25.735°E / 48.650; 25.735
Дністровський каньйон 10830 2010 Follows Dniester Canyon, the largest canyon in Ukraine, along the middle course of the Dniester River. It protects a relatively undeveloped portion of the Ukrainian forest-steppe landscape, about 75 km east of the Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine. The canyon is known for its varied geological formations, including two of the longest caves in the world.[8]
9 Dvorichanskyi
Рассвет на меловых склонах 5.jpg
Kharkiv Oblast
49°51′07″N 37°43′59″E / 49.852°N 37.733°E / 49.852; 37.733
Дворічанський 3132 2009 Set on the border of the steppe and forest-steppe on the banks of the river Oskil, the south-east part of Ukraine.[9]
10 Dzharylhak
Олень на о. Джарилгач.jpg
Kherson Oblast
46°01′01″N 32°55′59″E / 46.017°N 32.933°E / 46.017; 32.933
Джарилгацький 10000 2009 Covers Dzharylhach Island and the adjacent Karkinit Bay in the northern reaches of the Black Sea. Famous for clean sandy beaches and mineral springs in its many small lakes, Dzharylhach is the largest island in the Black Sea. Portions of the park have been protected nature reserves for almost 100 years.[10]
11 Great Meadow
Velykyi Luh.jpg
Zaporizhia Oblast
47°22′55″N 34°59′13″E / 47.382°N 34.987°E / 47.382; 34.987
Великий Луг 16756 2006 Covers historic steppe terrain in southeast Ukraine. It is on the south bank of the Dnieper River's Kakhovka Reservoir, which was created by the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station. The meadows and reed beds on the shore support one of the largest transmigration spots for birds in Eastern Europe.[11]
12 Halych
Лівий берег Бурштинського водосховища.jpg
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
49°08′20″N 24°43′55″E / 49.139°N 24.732°E / 49.139; 24.732
Галицький 14685 2004 Highlights forest, steppe, meadow and wetlands of the borderlands between the Ukrainian Carpathians and the southwestern part of the East European Plain.[12]
13 Hetman
Белые лилии на Ворскле.jpg
Sumy Oblast
50°29′13″N 34°58′59″E / 50.487°N 34.983°E / 50.487; 34.983
Гетьманський 23360 2009 The park begins at the border with Russia as the Vorskla River runs west and south, and follows the river for all 122 km of its length through Sumy Oblast. There are some short breaks between sectors for roads or built-up villages. There terrain is mostly flat, with some hills and ravines.[13]
14 Holosiivskyi
Orihuvat stav.jpg
Kiev
50°27′00″N 30°31′26″E / 50.450°N 30.524°E / 50.450; 30.524
Голосі́ївський 4525 2007 A protected remnant of forest surrounded by the urban area of the city of Kiev, Ukraine. It is located on the Kiev hills, in the Dniester-Dnieper forest-steppe province, North-Dnieper lowland and steppe zone of Left-Bank Dnieper province.
15 Holy Mountains
Ніжний ранковий світло.jpg
Donetsk Oblast
48°55′01″N 37°46′59″E / 48.917°N 37.783°E / 48.917; 37.783
Святі Гори 40609 1997 Located along the chalk cliffs and river terraces of the Donets River in Eastern Ukraine. The park's boundaries are a patchwork of forested areas stretching along the banks of the Donets. The Holy Mountains of Ukraine contain many archaeological, natural, historical, and recreational sites.[14]
16 Homolsh Woods
Гомільшанські ліси.jpg
Kharkiv Oblast
49°34′59″N 36°19′59″E / 49.583°N 36.333°E / 49.583; 36.333
Гомільша́нські ліси 14315 2004 Covers established forests in the Donets River valley. The site has been a protected area for a very long time, beginning with Peter the Great designating local territory as a 'protected ship grove' for wood to build ships. The site also has high ecological value as forest-steppe land.[15]
17 Hutsulshchyna
Осінь в Устеріках.JPG
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
48°19′16″N 25°05′35″E / 48.321°N 25.093°E / 48.321; 25.093
Гуцульщина 32271 2002 Located in the Western Ukraine's Carpathian Mountains.
18 Ichnya
Ich2.jpg
Chernihiv Oblast
50°48′32″N 32°17′31″E / 50.809°N 32.292°E / 50.809; 32.292
Ічнянський 9666 2004 Covers forest-steppe terrain in the Uday River basin, about 120 km northeast of Kiev.[16]
19 Ivory Coast
Kinburn sandbar.jpg
Mykolaiv Oblast
46°31′59″N 31°34′01″E / 46.533°N 31.567°E / 46.533; 31.567
Білобережжя Святослава 35223 2009 'White beaches Svyatosloav') is situated on the north coast of the Black Sea is southern Ukraine. It covers portions of Dnieper–Bug estuary, the Kinburn Peninsula just south of the estuary, and Yahorlyk Bay a shallow bay of the Black Sea itself. Adjacent to the site along the coast is the Black Sea Biosphere Reserve.[17]
20 Karmelyukove Podillya
Morning dew drop.jpg
Vinnytsia oblast
48°23′56″N 29°15′36″E / 48.399°N 29.260°E / 48.399; 29.260
Кармелюкове Поділля 16518 2009 Located in southwest Ukraine on the forested southern slopes of the Ukrainian Shield.[18]
21 Khotyn
Khotyn Fortress RB.jpg
Chernivtsi Oblast
48°30′00″N 26°10′01″E / 48.500°N 26.167°E / 48.500; 26.167
Хотинський 9400 2010 Covers a segment of the Dniester River Canyon and the Dniester River Reservoir. It is located in the west of the country on the border with Romania. The famous Khotyn Fortress is located within the territory.[19]
22 Kremenets
Дівочі скелі, Кременецькі гори.jpg
Ternopil Oblast
50°03′04″N 25°37′08″E / 50.051°N 25.619°E / 50.051; 25.619
Кременецькі гори 6951 2009 A cluster of mountains and ridges in the Hologoro-Kremenetskiy range of the Podolian Upland in west central Ukraine.[20]
23 Lower Dniester
Лабиринти Дністера-Турунчука.jpg
Odessa Oblast
46°24′43″N 30°12′36″E / 46.412°N 30.210°E / 46.412; 30.210
Нижньодністровський 21311 2008 A large portion of the Dniester River Estuary where it enters the Black Sea in southwestern Ukraine. The floodplains and waterways are important to nesting and wintering waterfowl. They are also important for spawning fish: over 70 species of fish in 20 groups are recorded in the park.[21]
24 Lower Polissia
Святе озеро. 1.jpg
Khmelnytskyi Oblast
50°13′05″N 26°50′13″E / 50.218°N 26.837°E / 50.218; 26.837
Мале Полісся 9515 2013 A section of the Polissia region, the park includes several lakes and wetland areas as well as parts of river valleys Gorin, Vilia, Gnylyi Rih.[22]
25 Lower Sula
Світанок у полі.jpg
Poltava Oblast
49°36′29″N 33°11′28″E / 49.608°N 33.191°E / 49.608; 33.191
Нижньосульський 16879 2010 Covers the lower reaches of the Sula River as it enters the Kremenchuk Reservoir, 120 km southeast of Kiev. The extensive marshes, swamps, and other wetlands of the area are important habitats for fish, waterfowl, and floodplain plants.[23]
26 Meotida
Меотида, Крива коса.jpg
Donetsk Oblast
47°06′54″N 38°04′48″E / 47.115°N 38.080°E / 47.115; 38.080
Меотида 20720 2009 A stretch of coastline, and interior estuaries and coastal lands, on the northern edge of the Sea of Azov in Ukraine. The administration of the park itself has been disrupted by hostilities in the area. Previously, the protected regions of the park supported important populations of migratory waterfowl and over 100 species of nesting birds.
27 Mezynsky
Мезинський НПП, Десна, світанок img2.jpg
Chernihiv Oblast
51°43′08″N 32°17′13″E / 51.719°N 32.287°E / 51.719; 32.287
Мезинський 31035 2006 Forest and floodplain terraces of the Desna River in the northern part of the country. The park was created to balance the protection of sensitive ecological and archaeological sites, recreation, and rural agriculture.[24]
28 Northern Podillya
Olesko Pond.JPG
Lviv Oblast
49°55′01″N 25°06′00″E / 49.917°N 25.100°E / 49.917; 25.100
Північне Поділля 15588 2010 Covers a variety of individual protected sites in the northwest Podolian Upland of Ukraine. The park provides protection to, and recreation in, representative ecological and cultural sites of the area, including Hornbean-Beech forested uplands, swamp-marsh floodplains, geologically significant karst features, and historical sites that include three castles and a number of WW1 and WW2 sites.[25]
29 Podilski Tovtry
Каньйон Тернави.JPG
Khmelnytskyi Oblast
46°34′52″N 32°32′06″E / 46.581°N 32.535°E / 46.581; 32.535
Поді́льські То́втри 80178 2015 Representative of the natural landscape of the Podillia region.[26]
30 Oleshky
Kherson Desert.jpg
Kherson Oblast
46°33′00″N 32°55′23″E / 46.550°N 32.923°E / 46.550; 32.923
Олешківські піски 8020 2010
31 Pryazovskyi
Побережье в районе села Новопетровка 16.jpg
Zaporizhia Oblast
46°50′24″N 35°21′32″E / 46.840°N 35.359°E / 46.840; 35.359
Приазовський 78127 2010 The second largest national park of Ukraine, covering the estuaries, coastal plains seaside landforms around the Molochna River estuary the Utlyuksky estuary, on the northwest coast of the Sea of Azov.[27]
32 Prypiat-Stokhid
Фронтовий Нобель.jpg
Volyn Oblast
51°49′41″N 25°16′59″E / 51.828°N 25.283°E / 51.828; 25.283
Прип'ять-Стохід 39316 2007 Created in 2007 to protect and unify a series of natural complexes of the Pripyat River and Stokhid River valleys in northwestern Ukraine. The park provides protection, research areas, and recreation related to the meadows and wetlands of the Polissia region.[28]
33 Pyryatyn
Велика круча. Заплава Удаю.JPG
Poltava Oblast
50°14′10″N 32°30′04″E / 50.236°N 32.501°E / 50.236; 32.501
Пирятинський 12028 2009 Covers a portion of the Uday River valley in the north central part of the country. It provides nature conservation and recreation on the terraces and floodplains of the river.[29]
34 Shatsky
Озеро Світязь. 05.JPG
Volyn Oblast
51°31′01″N 23°49′12″E / 51.517°N 23.820°E / 51.517; 23.820
Шацький 32515 1983 Established in 1983 to preserve, reconstitute and to use effectively Volyn Polissia natural complexes and objects of special environmental, recreational, educational and aesthetic value.
36 Skole Beskids
Beskydy autumn.jpg
Lviv Oblast
49°12′00″N 23°12′36″E / 49.200°N 23.210°E / 49.200; 23.210
Сколівські Бескиди 35684 1999 Covers the Skole Beskids Range of the Carpathian Mountains on the western edge of Ukraine. It was created in 1999 to protect the beech and beech-fir forests of Carpathians, and to provide for environmental, ecological, aesthetic, educational and recreational uses.[30]
37 Sloboda
Світанок на болоті.jpg
Kharkiv Oblast
50°05′10″N 35°12′58″E / 50.086°N 35.216°E / 50.086; 35.216
Слобожанський 5244 2009 Covers a forest-steppe region at the confluence of the Merla and Merchik Rivers in the East Poltava Highlands of eastern Ukraine. The park features an extensive complex of marshes, swamps, and other wetlands.[31]
38 Synevir
Synevyr lake 1.jpg
Zakarpattia Oblast,br/>48°30′00″N 23°42′00″E / 48.500°N 23.700°E / 48.500; 23.700 Синевир 40400 1989 Located in Zakarpattia Oblast, in southwest of the country.[32]
39 Synyohora
Синьогора.JPG
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
48°37′16″N 24°13′16″E / 48.621°N 24.221°E / 48.621; 24.221
Синьогора 10866 2009 transition to full National Park status was uncertain as of 2017, with portions of the park are closed to the public.[33]
40 Tsumanska Puscha
Цуманська Пуща 1.jpg
Volyn Oblast
50°53′17″N 25°51′11″E / 50.888°N 25.853°E / 50.888; 25.853
ЦУМАНСЬКА ПУЩА 33475 2010
41 Tuzly Lagoons
Alibey Lagoon.jpg
Odessa Oblast
45°46′59″N 30°00′00″E / 45.783°N 30.000°E / 45.783; 30.000
Тузловські лимани 10866 2009 Includes the group of Tuzly Lagoons: which consist of parts of the larger lagoons Shahany, Alibey, Burnas; and the small lagoons Solone Ozero, Khadzhyder, Karachaus, Budury, Martaza, Mahala, Malyi Sasyk, and Dzhantshey.[34]
42 Upper Pobozhia
Medzyboz Zamek IMG 2090 68-230-0055.JPG
Khmelnitsky Oblast
49°26′10″N 27°25′08″E / 49.436°N 27.419°E / 49.436; 27.419
Верхнє Побужжя 108000 2013
43 Uzhanian
Uzhanskyi NPP.jpg
Zakarpattia Oblast
49°01′23″N 22°36′00″E / 49.023°N 22.600°E / 49.023; 22.600
Ужанський 39159 1999 Also part of the East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The park was created to protect pristine beech forest of the Carpathians.
44 Verkhovyna
Полонина біля Дземброні.jpg
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
48°09′40″N 24°56′42″E / 48.161°N 24.945°E / 48.161; 24.945
Верховинський 12023 2010 Covers the highest reaches of the Cheremosh River, in the Carpathian Mountains.[35]
45 Vyzhnytsia
NPP Wyzhnytsky 02.jpg
Chernivtsi Oblast
48°09′25″N 25°18′22″E / 48.157°N 25.306°E / 48.157; 25.306
Вижницький 7928 1995 Located in the Ukrainian Carpathians, Vyzhnytsia Park represents a lowland part of the Carpathians with a fairly mild climate. The area is forested in beech and fir trees.
46 White Lake
«Білоозерський» 2.jpg
Kiev Oblast
49°53′46″N 31°34′41″E / 49.896°N 31.578°E / 49.896; 31.578
Білоозерський
(No site)
7014 2009 As of 2014, the park appeared to be closed to the public and the legal status unclear.[36]
47 Yavorivskyi
Path in the Yavoriv National Park.JPG
Lviv Oblast
49°58′59″N 23°36′58″E / 49.983°N 23.616°E / 49.983; 23.616
Яворівський 7079 1998 A narrow range of hills 75 km (47 mi) long, which rises sharply to the north of the Lesser Polissya.
48 Zacharovany Krai
Зачарована долина.jpg
Zakarpattia Oblast
48°21′11″N 23°04′26″E / 48.353°N 23.074°E / 48.353; 23.074
Зачарований край 6101 2009
49 Zalissya
Frozen field.jpg
Kiev Oblast
50°40′01″N 30°51′00″E / 50.667°N 30.850°E / 50.667; 30.850
Залісся 14836 2009 Covers a large forest on the left bank of the Desna River about 20 km northeast of Kiev. As of 2017, the area is open for limited public access, but is primarily administered as a protected area for the "reception and stay of senior officials", other state uses, and the protection of plant and animal life.[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Azov-Syvash NNP" (in Ukrainian). State Management of Affairs (Ukraine). Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "Buzk's Gard" (in Ukrainian). Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (Ukraine). Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "Carpathian". Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (Ukraine). Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "Tarkhanhut National Park (Russian Official Site)" (in Russian). Tarkhanhut Park. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  5. ^ "Cheremosh National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Website. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  6. ^ "Derman-Ostroh National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  7. ^ "Desna-Starogutsky National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Park Site. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  8. ^ "Dniester Canyon National Nature Park". Park Site. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  9. ^ "Dvorichanskyi National Nature Park". Park Site. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  10. ^ "Dzharylhak National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  11. ^ "National Nature Park Great Meadow" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "Halych National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Halych NNP (Official Site). Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  13. ^ "Hetman National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "National Nature Park Holy Mountains" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  15. ^ "Homolsh Woods National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  16. ^ "Ichnya National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  17. ^ "National Nature Park Ivory Coast of Sviatoslav" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  18. ^ "Karmelyukove Podillya" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Website. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  19. ^ "Khotyn National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "Kremenets Mountains National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Website. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  21. ^ "Lower Dniester National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "Lower Polissia Dniester National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  23. ^ "Lower Sula National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  24. ^ "Mezynsky National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  25. ^ "Northern Podilia" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  26. ^ "Podilski Tovtry" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  27. ^ "Pryazovskyi" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  28. ^ "National Nature Park Prypiat-Stokhid" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  29. ^ "Pyryatyn National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  30. ^ "National Nature Park Skole Beskids" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  31. ^ "Sloboda National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  32. ^ "Synevir National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  33. ^ "Status report" (in Ukrainian). State Affairs release. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  34. ^ "Tuzli National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  35. ^ "Verkhovyna National Nature Park" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  36. ^ "Belozersky NNP: Treasures Lost" (in Ukrainian). DOP. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  37. ^ "National Nature Park Zalissya" (in Ukrainian). Official Park Site. Retrieved June 15, 2019.

External links[edit]