National colours

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National colours are frequently part of a country's set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation's flag to the colours used in sports.



Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Algeria Green, white and red             
Angola Red, black and yellow             
Cameroon Green, red and yellow             
Cape Verde Blue, white, red and yellow                 
Central African Republic Blue, white, green, yellow and red             
Chad Blue, yellow and red             
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Sky blue, yellow and red             
Congo, Republic of the Green, yellow and red             
Côte d'Ivoire Orange, white and green             
Djibouti Light blue, green, white and red                 
Egypt Red, white and black             
Ghana Red, yellow, green and black Black and white                          
Guinea Red, yellow and green             
Guinea-Bissau Red, yellow, green and black                 
Kenya Black, red, green and white                 
Liberia Red, white and blue             
Libya Red, black, green and white                 
Madagascar Red, green and white             
Malawi Black, red and green             
Mali Green, yellow and red             
Morocco Red and green         
Namibia Blue, red, green, white and yellow             
Nigeria Green and white         
Senegal Green, yellow and red             
Somalia Blue and white         
South Africa Red, green, blue, gold, black and white[1] Green and gold (sports)             
         National colours of South Africa
South Sudan Black, red, green, blue, yellow and white             
Sudan Red, white, black and green                 
Tanzania Green, yellow, blue and black                 
Togo Green, yellow, red and white                 
Tunisia Red and white         
Uganda Black, yellow and red             
Zambia Green, red, black and orange                 
Zimbabwe Green, yellow, red, black and white             

North America[edit]

Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Antigua and Barbuda Red, white, blue, black and yellow             
Bahamas Aquamarine, yellow and black             
Barbados Blue, yellow and black             
Belize Blue and red         
Canada Red and white[2] Black (only used in hockey)               National colours of Canada
Costa Rica Blue, white and red             
Cuba Blue, white and red             
Dominica Green, yellow, black, white and red             
Dominican Republic Blue, white and red             
El Salvador Blue and white         
Guatemala Blue and white         
Haiti Blue and red[3]         
Honduras Blue and white         
Jamaica Green, gold and black             
Mexico Green, white and red              National colours of Mexico
Nicaragua Blue and white         
Panama Blue, white and red             
Puerto Rico Red, white and blue             
Saint Kitts and Nevis Green, black, red, yellow and white             
Saint Lucia Light blue, yellow, black and white                 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Blue, yellow and green             
Trinidad and Tobago Red, white and black             
United States Red, white and blue[3]              National colours of the United States

South America[edit]

Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Argentina Light blue and white[4] Black (used in sports)              
Bolivia Red, yellow and green             
Brazil Green and yellow Blue and white                  
Chile Red, white and blue             
Colombia Yellow, blue and red Dark blue                  
Ecuador Yellow, blue and red             
Paraguay Red, white and blue             
Peru Red and white         
Uruguay Blue and white Light blue (used in sports)              
Venezuela Yellow, blue and red Burgundy (used in sports)                  


Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Afghanistan Black, red, green and white Blue and red (cricket)                          
Bahrain Red and white         
Bangladesh Red, green and gold              Bangladesh First Flag of Bangladesh (1971)
Cambodia Red and blue         
(People's Republic of China)
Red and gold         
Hong Kong Red and white         
India Saffron orange, blue, white and green Sky blue (sports)                      
Indonesia Red and white[5]         
Iran Green, white and red             
Iraq Red, white, black and green                 
Israel Blue and white[6]          National colours of Israel
Japan Red and white Black (sports); Blue (only used in football)                   National colours of Japan
Jordan Black, white, green and red                 
Kazakhstan Blue and yellow         
Korea, North
(Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
Red, white and blue             
Korea, South
(Republic of Korea)
White, red, blue and black                 
Kuwait Green, white, red and black Blue and red (sports)                          
Kyrgyzstan Red and yellow         
Laos Red, blue and white             
Lebanon Red, white and green             
Macau Green and white         
Malaysia Gold and black Red, white, blue and yellow                          
Mongolia Blue, red and yellow             
Myanmar Yellow, green, red and white                 
Nepal Crimson Blue and white              
Oman Red, white and green             
Pakistan Green and white         
Palestine Black, white, green and red                 
Philippines Blue, red, white and yellow                 
Qatar Maroon and white         
Saudi Arabia Green and white         
Singapore Red and white         
Sri Lanka Maroon and gold Green and orange; Blue (cricket)                      
Syria Red, white, black and green                 
(Republic of China)
Blue, white and red             
Tajikistan Red, white and green             
Thailand Red, white and blue             
Timor-Leste Red, yellow, black and white                 
Turkmenistan Green and white         
United Arab Emirates Red, green, white and black                 
Uzbekistan Blue, white, red and green                 
Vietnam Red and yellow         
Yemen Red, white and black             


Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Albania Red and black         
Andorra Blue, yellow and red             
Armenia Red, blue and orange             
Austria Red and white         
Azerbaijan Blue, red and green             
Belarus Red, white and green             
Belgium Red Black and yellow; Light blue (used in cycling)[7]                  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Blue and gold         
Bulgaria White, green and red             
Croatia Red, white and blue             
Cyprus Blue and white Orange              
Czech Republic White, red and blue[8][9][10]              National colours of the Czech Republic
Denmark Red and white         
Estonia Blue, black and white[11]             
Finland White and blue Red and gold                  
France Blue, white and red[12]             
Georgia Red and white         
Germany Black, red and gold Black and white                       National colours of Germany
Greece Blue and white          National colours of Greece
Hungary Red, white and green             
Iceland Blue, white and red             
Ireland Green and blue White and orange                   Green relates to Goídel Glas, Father of Goidelic (Gaelic) languages and Gaels, Blue relates to St. Patrick, White as it appears on the Irish flag relates to peace between the Gaelic nationalism and the Loyalist supporters of William of Orange and Orange for William of Orange.
Italy Green, white and red[13] Azure                   National colours of Italy
Latvia Maroon and white         
Liechtenstein Blue and red         
Lithuania Yellow, green and red             
Luxembourg Red, white and light blue             
Macedonia Red and yellow         
Malta Red and white         
Moldova Blue, yellow and red             
Monaco Red and white         
Montenegro Red and gold         
Netherlands Orange Red, white and blue                  
Norway Red, white and blue             
Poland White and red          National colours of Poland
Portugal Green and red (Before the 1910 revolution: White and blue)                  
Romania Blue, yellow and red             
Russia White, blue and red             
San Marino White and blue         
Serbia Red, blue and white[14][15][16]              National colours of Serbia
Slovakia White, blue and red             
Slovenia White, blue and red[17] Green, blue and white (sports)[18]                          
Spain Red and gold         
Sweden Blue and gold         
Switzerland Red and white         
Turkey Red and white Turquoise              
Ukraine Blue and yellow          National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom Red, white and blue              National colours of the United Kingdom


Country Flag Primary
Primary Secondary Further
Australia Green and gold Blue and white                   National colours of Australia
Fiji Light blue White and black (rugby and other sports)               National colours of Fiji
New Zealand Black[19] White, silver, ochre red and teal                       National colours of New Zealand
Samoa Red, white and blue             
Tonga Red and white         

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National flag". South African Government. 2018-02-19. 
  2. ^ "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  3. ^ a b "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992. 
  4. ^ "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818. 
  5. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white 
  6. ^ "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  7. ^ "Rode Duivels brengen eerbetoon aan wielrenners met uitshirts". Sporza. Retrieved 2016-08-20. 
  8. ^ "Státní symboly". 
  9. ^ "Symboly současné České republiky". 
  10. ^ "Státní symboly České republiky". 
  11. ^ "National symbols of Estonia". 
  12. ^ "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant. 
  13. ^ Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680. 
  14. ^ The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207). 
  15. ^ Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39. 
  16. ^ Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6. 
  17. ^ "National Insignia". Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. the three national colours (white, blue and red) of Carniola - the central historic state on the territory of the Slovenian people - are used 
  18. ^ "Sport in Slovenia" (PDF). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. The Olympic Committee of Slovenia suggests that sports organisations use the following ratio when designing national sports equipment: 50% green, 30% blue and 20% white. 
  19. ^ "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2013-03-20.