Nebi Akasha Mosque

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Nebi Akasha Mosque
Okasha mosque, Ukasha mosque
Nebi Akasha Mosque, Jerusalem.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationJerusalem
Nebi Akasha Mosque is located in Jerusalem
Nebi Akasha Mosque
Shown within Jerusalem
Geographic coordinates31°47′07.50″N 35°13′05.40″E / 31.7854167°N 35.2181667°E / 31.7854167; 35.2181667Coordinates: 31°47′07.50″N 35°13′05.40″E / 31.7854167°N 35.2181667°E / 31.7854167; 35.2181667

The Nebi Akasha Mosque (Arabic: النبي عكاشة‎) , also Okasha mosque or Ukasha mosque, is a historic mosque and maqam located in Jerusalem.

Location[edit]

”Tombs of the Martyrs” (top left) shown at the site of the Nebi Akasha Mosque in the 1841 Aldrich and Symonds map of Jerusalem

The Nebi Akasha Mosque is located on Straus Street in western Jerusalem, north of the Old City.[1][2]

History[edit]

Tomb of Nebi Akasha (Turbat Qameria)
Park between the mosque and tomb

The tomb of Ukasha ibn al-Mihsan, a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad who settled in Jerusalem following the siege of Jerusalem in 637/38,[3] was built in the 12th century CE.[4] According to Islamic tradition, Saladin's soldiers were buried at the site; it became known as the “Tomb of the Martyrs”. Additions were made to the tomb by the Mamluks in the 13th-century.[5] There is also a tradition that Moses, Jesus and Muhammad were buried here, leading the British High Commissioner John Chancellor to name the nearby street Street of the Prophets.[4]

Over a 70-year period in the 1800s, the hill on which the tomb stands was used as a meeting place by students of the Vilna Gaon. These Jews rented the hill from its Arab owners and gathered for study and Friday-night prayers in a tent, joined by local Ashkenazi and Sephardi kabbalists.[6] In the late 19th century, an almost entirely Jewish neighborhood called Ukasha in the Ottoman census lists developed around the tomb with the Jewish housing estates of Sha'arey Moshe or the Wittenberg Houses (called the Waytenberk neighborhood in the Ottoman census) founded in 1885, Even Yehoshua founded in 1891, and Kolel Varsha (called the Rabi Daud neighborhood in the Ottoman census) founded in 1897.[2]

A mosque was built beside the tomb in the 19th century.

20th century[edit]

Desecrated graves in the Nebi Akasha Mosque during the 1929 Palestine riots. Destroyed by Jewish rioters, August 23 to 31, 1929

On 26 August 1929, during the 1929 Palestine riots, the mosque was attacked by a group of Jews.[4] The mosque was badly damaged and the tombs were desecrated.[7] As a result of the Palestinian Arab exodus from western Jerusalem during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the mosque was abandoned. Today it is located in the middle of a park in a Haredi Jewish neighborhood.[5] It is situated near the junction of Straus Street and the Street of the Prophets.[4]

In December 2011 the mosque was defaced with graffiti by right-wing extremists who tried to set fire to it in a price tag attack.[8] The mosque is inactive and the Jerusalem Municipality uses it as a storage room.[4]

Inscription[edit]

The tomb includes the following inscription: Arabic: لا اله الا الله ومحمد رسول الله، هذا ضريح سيدنا عكاشة صحابي رسول الله،‎ (translation: There is no God but Allah ِand Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, this is the shrine of our master Akasha, the companion of the Messenger of Allah).[9]

The tomb includes a date: Arabic: ١٢٨٠‎ (1280 AH, or 1863 CE), which was the date of the reconstruction of the tomb.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De'adle 2009, p. 614.
  2. ^ a b Arnon 1992, p. 30.
  3. ^ Arnon 1992, p. 63, note 58.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gilad, Moshe (29 August 2012). "Peeking Through the Highrises: Famed Jerusalem street's old architectural glories". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  5. ^ a b Rosenberg, Oz (14 December 2011). "Jerusalem mosque set alight in suspected 'price tag' attack". Haaretz.
  6. ^ Tagger, Mathilde A.; Kerem, Yitzchak (2006). Guidebook for Sephardic and Oriental Genealogical Sources in Israel. Avotaynu. p. 40. ISBN 1886223289.
  7. ^ Shaw report, p. 65.
  8. ^ "Vandals attack disused Jerusalem mosque". BBC News. 14 December 2011.
  9. ^ a b Canaan 1927, p. 298.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Lieberman, Tehillah (2018-01-07). "Jerusalem, Nebi 'Akasha" (130). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)