New Jersey's 11th congressional district

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New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
U.S. RepresentativeMikie Sherrill (DMontclair)
Distribution
  • 93.49% urban
  • 6.51% rural
Population (2000)647,258
Median income$112,348[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+3[2]

New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill, who won the 2018 general election against Republican Jay Webber.[3] The district is centered in Morris County, with suburban settlements and a high per capita income. The territory is located in the area of the Watchung and Ramapo Mountains.

Prior to a redistricting in the early 1980s, the 11th was centered in Essex County. The congressional seat was held by Democrats for almost 36 years. The redistricting, conducted under a Republican-dominated legislature, shifted the focus of the district to Morris County, whose population was dominated by Republicans. In 1984, Republican Dean Gallo defeated 22-year incumbent Democrat Joseph Minish. Since then, the district has been one of the most reliably Republican districts in the Northeast. The Democrats would not make another serious bid for the seat for three decades. However, in January 2018, 12-term Republican Frelinghuysen announced that he will not seek re-election; earlier, leading political observers rated it as a "toss-up" for the November 2018 election.[4][5] At that election, Democrat Mikie Sherrill won the seat by an unexpectedly large margin. [6]

The district from 2003 to 2013

Counties and municipalities in the district[edit]

For the 113th and successive Congresses (based on redistricting following the 2010 Census), the district contains all or portions of four counties and 54 municipalities.[7]

Essex County:

Bloomfield (part; also 10th), Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Montclair (part; also 10th), North Caldwell, Nutley, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell, West Orange (part; also 10th)

Morris County:

Boonton Town, Boonton Township, Butler, Chatham Borough, Chatham Township, Denville, East Hanover, Florham Park, Hanover, Harding, Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Lincoln Park, Madison, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville, Morris Plains, Morris Township, Morristown Town, Mountain Lakes, Parsippany-Troy Hills, Pequannock, Randolph Township, Riverdale, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Victory Gardens

Passaic County:

Bloomingdale, Little Falls, North Haledon, Pompton Lakes, Totowa, Wanaque, Wayne and Woodland Park

Sussex County:

Byram Township, Hopatcong, Ogdensburg, Sparta Township and Stanhope

History[edit]

The 11th congressional district (together with the 12th) was created starting with the 63rd United States Congress in 1913, based on the results of the 1910 United States Census.

Frelinghuysen won re-election in 2006(62% to 37%) against Democrat Tom Wyka,[8] and in 2010 Frelinghuysen defeated the Democratic candidate, veteran Douglas Herbert, by a margin of 67% to 31%.[9][10]

2018 election[edit]

Mikie Sherrill, former Navy helicopter pilot and federal prosecutor, was the Democratic nominee. Assemblyman Jay Webber, currently representing the 26th legislative district, was the Republican nominee. Ryan Martinez, an attorney, was the Libertarian Party's nominee.[11]

On November 6th, 2018, Democratic candidate Mikie Sherrill was declared the winner of the general election garnering 56.8% of the vote, defeating Republican Jay Webber who received 42.1%. Compared to the 2016 election it was a 33 point shift towards the Democratic candidate, the largest partisan swing of any district in the entire nation in the 2018 House Elections. [12]

Recent election results in statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 58 - 42%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 48.8 - 47.9%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years District Home Electoral history Counties/Towns
District created March 4, 1913
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Weehawken [Data unknown/missing.] Parts of Hudson (Guttenberg, Hoboken, North Bergen, Secaucus, Union City, Weehawken, West New York)
ArchibaldEOlpp.jpg
Archibald E. Olpp
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Secaucus [Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Eagan (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
John J. Eagan
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
Weehawken [Data unknown/missing.]
Oscar L. Auf der Heide (New Jersey Congressman).jpg
Oscar L. Auf der Heide
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
West New York Redistricted to the 14th district.
Peter A. Cavicchia (New Jersey Congressman).png
Peter Angelo Cavicchia
Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
Newark Redistricted from the 9th district. Parts of Essex (the Oranges and parts of Newark)
EdwardLONeill.jpg
Edward L. O'Neill
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Newark [Data unknown/missing.]
Albert L. Vreeland Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
East Orange [Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Sundstrom Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
East Orange [Data unknown/missing.]
Hugh Addonizio.jpg
Hugh Joseph Addonizio
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
June 30, 1962
Newark Resigned after being elected Mayor of Newark.
Vacant June 30, 1962 –
January 3, 1963
Joseph Minishs.jpg
Joseph Minish
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
West Orange Lost re-election after redistricting.
January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, Verona, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
Parts of Essex (Maplewood, the Oranges, and parts of Newark)
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
Parts of Essex, Passaic (Little Falls and West Paterson),}} and Union (Hillside)}}
January 3, 1983 –

January 3, 1985

Parts of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, and Passaic
Dean Gallo.jpg
Dean Gallo
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
Parsippany-Troy Hills Died. Parts of Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Warren
January 3, 1993 –
November 6, 1994
Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex
Vacant November 6, 1994 –
January 3, 1995
Rodney Frelinghuysen official photo, 114th Congress.jpg
Rodney Frelinghuysen
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
Harding Elected in 1994.

Retired.
January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
NJ11congressdistrict Morris and parts of Essex, Passaic, Somerset, and Sussex
January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Parts of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex
Mikie Sherrill, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Mikie Sherrill
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Montclair Incumbent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=34&cd=11
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Salant, Jonathan D. (January 29, 2018). "https://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2018/11/voters_decide_the_11th_congressional_district_race.html". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 29 January 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  4. ^ "2018 House Race Ratings". The Cook Political Report. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "Roll Call's 2018 Election Guide". The Economist Group. March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  6. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/new-jersey/#NJ-11
  7. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  8. ^ 2006 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results, CNN.com, November 8, 2006
  9. ^ New York Times Election Results
  10. ^ 2010 NJ-11 U.S. House Election Results
  11. ^ New Jersey primary results accessed June 6, 2018 https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/05/us/elections/results-new-jersey-primary-elections.html
  12. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/new-jersey/#NJ-11

Coordinates: 40°54′N 74°36′W / 40.90°N 74.60°W / 40.90; -74.60