New Jersey's 13th congressional district
New Jersey's 13th congressional district was a congressional district which was created for the 73rd United States Congress in 1933, based on redistricting following the United States Census, 1930. It was last represented by Democrat Albio Sires when it was eliminated due to redistricting following the United States Census, 2010.
Most of the territory in this district became part of a new 8th district in 2013.
From 2003 to 2013, (based on redistricting following the 2000 Census), the district contains portions of 4 counties and 17 municipalities:
- Newark (part; also 10)
- Bayonne (part), East Newark, Guttenberg, Harrison, Hoboken, Jersey City (part; also 9 and 10), Kearny (part; also 9), North Bergen (part; also 9), Union City, Weehawken, West New York
Before district elimination based on the last redistricting in 2013, of the district's 647,258 residents, 308,247 identified themselves as being Hispanic, accounting for 47.6% of the district's population.
This district was considered solidly Democratic, with the winner of the Democratic Party primary the near-certain winner in November's general election, both in the special and regular elections.
Sires won the seat in a special election on November 7, 2006, after Bob Menendez resigned from this seat on January 16, 2006 in advance of his assumption of the Senate seat vacated by Jon Corzine, who in turn left his Senate seat to become Governor of New Jersey. Sires also won the general election, and will represent the district through at least 2008.
The two most prominent names running for the seat in the regular election were the former Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly, Albio Sires of West New York, and Assemblyman Joseph Vas, who is also Mayor of Perth Amboy, both of whom ran in the Democratic primary. While the two faced off to fill the full two-year term, Vas decided not to run in the special election to fill the two months remaining in Menendez's term.
In the primary for the full two-year term, held on June 6, 2006, Albio Sires beat Joseph Vas, capturing almost 75% of the vote. In the general election, Sires beat Republican John Guarini who had run unopposed for the GOP nod.
In the special primary to fill the remaining two months of the current term, Sires won approximately 90% of the vote, defeating James Geron, assuring Sires of the seat as no Republican opposed him in the special election. Sires was sworn into Congress on November 13, 2006.
|Election results from presidential races|
|2008||President||Obama 75 - 24%|
|2004||President||Kerry 69 - 31%|
|2000||President||Gore 72 - 25%|
Representatives from the district from its creation in 1933 until its elimination in 2013 have included:
|District Created||March 4, 1933|
|Mary Teresa Norton||Democratic||March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1951||73rd
|Redistricted from the 12th district|
|Alfred D. Sieminski||Democratic||January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1959||82nd
|Cornelius E. Gallagher||Democratic||January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1973||86th
|Joseph J. Maraziti||Republican||January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975||93rd||Lost reelection.|
|Helen Stevenson Meyner||Democratic||January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1979||94th
|James A. Courter||Republican||January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1983||96th
|Redistricted to the 12th district|
|Edwin B. Forsythe||Republican||January 3, 1983 – March 29, 1984||98th||Redistricted from the 6th district|
|Vacant||March 29, 1984 – November 6, 1984|
|Jim Saxton||Republican||November 6, 1984 – January 3, 1993||98th
|Elected to finish Forsythe's term.|
Elected to same day to the next term.
Redistricted to the 3rd district
|Bob Menendez||Democratic||January 3, 1993 – January 16, 2006||103rd
|Resigned to take United States Senate seat vacated by Jon Corzine|
|Vacant||January 16, 2006 – November 13, 2006|
|Albio Sires||Democratic||November 13, 2006 – January 3, 2013||109th
|Redistricted to the 8th district|
|District Eliminated||January 3, 2013|
- New Jersey's 13th Congressional District: P4. Hispanic or Latino, and not Hispanic or Latino by Race , United States Census, 2000, accessed September 5, 2006
- No special election in June for Vas, The Star-Ledger, April 12, 2006
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present