New York–Penn League
|Brooklyn Cyclones (2019)|
|Most titles||Oneonta Yankees (12)|
|Classification||Class A Short Season|
The New York–Penn League (NYPL) was a Minor League Baseball league which operated in the northeastern United States from 1939 to 2020. Classified as a Class A Short Season league, its season started in June, after major league teams signed their amateur draft picks to professional contracts, and ended in early September.
In 2019, its last season of operation, the NYPL had 14 teams from eight different states. In addition to New York and Pennsylvania, from which the league drew its name, the NYPL also had clubs in Maryland, Massachusetts, Ohio, Vermont, West Virginia, and Connecticut.
The Brooklyn Cyclones were the last NYPL champions, defeating the Lowell Spinners, two games to one, in 2019. The Oneonta Tigers won 12 championships, the most among all teams in the league, followed by the Auburn Mets/Twins/Phillies/Doubledays (8) and Jamestown Falcons/Expos (7).
The New York–Penn League was founded in 1939 as the Pennsylvania–Ontario–New York League, generally shortened to PONY League, in a hotel in Batavia, New York. The original teams included the Batavia Clippers, Bradford Bees, Hamilton Red Wings, Jamestown Jaguars, Niagara Falls Rainbows, and Olean Oilers; all were based in or near Western New York. The Oilers, a Brooklyn Dodgers affiliate, won both the regular season and playoff championships. Batavia was the last remaining charter city in the league when it ceased operations after the 2020 season.
The Hamilton Red Wings folded early in the 1956 season, and with no more teams in Ontario, the circuit became the New York–Penn League in 1957. The league crossed back into Canada with the formation of the St. Catharines Blue Jays in 1986. They were joined by the Hamilton Redbirds in 1987 and the Welland Pirates in 1989, but all three clubs had moved back to the United States by 2000.
The New York–Penn circuit was originally a Class D league (the minors' lowest classification through 1962). It was a full-season Class A league from 1963 through 1966, and became a short-season Class A league in 1967.
On December 9, 2020, Major League Baseball (MLB) announced its list of 120 teams invited to be a part of the minors after restructuring for the 2021 season. As first reported in 2019, the NYPL ceased operations. The Aberdeen IronBirds, Brooklyn Cyclones, and Hudson Valley Renegades joined the new High-A East, becoming the new High-A affiliates of the Baltimore Orioles, New York Mets, and New York Yankees respectively. The Mahoning Valley Scrappers, State College Spikes, West Virginia Black Bears, and Williamsport Crosscutters moved to the new MLB Draft League for players wishing to showcase themselves to MLB teams in advance of the annual draft. The Tri-City ValleyCats moved to the independent Frontier League, while the Batavia Muckdogs and Auburn Doubledays joined the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. On February 25, 2021, the Vermont Lake Monsters announced that they would join the Futures Collegiate Baseball League (FCBL) under new ownership, and the Norwich Sea Unicorns joined the FCBL in late April. The Staten Island Yankees folded, while the Lowell Spinners were left without future plans.
League champions were determined by different means during the New York–Penn League's 82-year run from 1939 to 2020. For a few seasons in the 1960s and 1970s, no playoffs were held and the league champions were simply the regular season pennant winners. Most seasons, however, ended with playoffs to determine a league champion.
- Aberdeen IronBirds
- Auburn Americans
- Auburn Astros
- Auburn Doubledays
- Auburn Mets
- Auburn Phillies
- Auburn Red Stars
- Auburn Sunsets
- Auburn Twins
- Auburn Yankees
- Batavia Clippers
- Batavia Indians
- Batavia Muckdogs
- Batavia Pirates
- Batavia Trojans
- Binghamton Triplets
- Bradford Beagles
- Bradford Bees
- Bradford Blue Wings
- Bradford Phillies
- Bradford Yankees
- Brooklyn Cyclones
- Connecticut Tigers
- Corning Athletics
- Corning Cor-Sox
- Corning Independents
- Corning Red Sox
- Corning Royals
- Elmira Pioneers
- Erie Cardinals
- Erie Orioles
- Erie Sailors
- Erie Senators
- Geneva Cubs
- Geneva Pirates
- Geneva Redlegs
- Geneva Senators
- Geneva Twins
- Glens Falls Redbirds
- Hamilton Cardinals
- Hamilton Redbirds
- Hamilton Red Wings
- Hornell Dodgers
- Hornell Maple Leafs
- Hornell Maples
- Hornell Redlegs
- Hudson Valley Renegades
- Jamestown Braves
- Jamestown Dodgers
- Jamestown Expos
- Jamestown Falcons
- Jamestown Jaguars
- Jamestown Jammers
- Jamestown Tigers
- Little Falls Mets
- Lockport Cubs
- Lockport Reds
- Lockport White Socks
- Lockport White Sox
- London Pirates
- Lowell Spinners
- Mahoning Valley Scrappers
- New Jersey Cardinals
- Newark Co-Pilots
- Newark Orioles
- Niagara Falls Pirates
- Niagara Falls Rainbows
- Niagara Falls Rapids
- Niagara Falls Sox
- Olean A's
- Olean Giants
- Olean Oilers
- Olean Red Sox
- Olean Yankees
- Oneonta Red Sox
- Oneonta Tigers
- Oneonta Yankees
- Pittsfield Astros
- Pittsfield Mets
- Queens Kings
- St. Catharines Blue Jays
- St. Catharines Stompers
- State College Spikes
- Staten Island Yankees
- Tri-City ValleyCats
- Utica Blue Jays
- Utica Blue Sox
- Vermont Expos
- Vermont Lake Monsters
- Watertown Indians
- Watertown Pirates
- Welland Pirates
- Wellsville Braves
- Wellsville Nitros
- Wellsville Red Sox
- Wellsville Rockets
- Wellsville Senators
- Wellsville Yankees
- West Virginia Black Bears
- Williamsport Astros
- Williamsport Crosscutters
- Williamsport Cubs
- Williamsport Red Sox
- York White Roses
- Norwich: 2010–2020 (16 seasons)
- Aberdeen: 2002–2020 (19 seasons)
- Augusta: 1994–2005 (12 seasons)
- Auburn: 1958–1980, 1982–2020 (62 seasons)
- Batavia: 1939–1953, 1957–1959, 1961–2020 (78 seasons)
- Binghamton: 1964–1966 (3 seasons)
- Brooklyn: 2001–2020 (20 seasons)
- Corning: 1951–1960, 1968–1969 (12 seasons)
- Elmira: 1957–1961, 1973–1995 (28 seasons)
- Fishkill: 1994–2020 (26 seasons)
- Geneva: 1958–1973, 1977–1993 (33 seasons)
- Glens Falls: 1993 (1 season)
- Jamestown: 1939–1957, 1962–1973, 1977–2014 (67 seasons)
- Hornell: 1942–1957 (16 seasons)
- Little Falls: 1977–1988 (12 seasons)
- Lockport: 1942–1950 (9 seasons)
- Newark: 1968–1979, 1983–1987 (17 seasons)
- Niagara Falls: 1939–1940, 1970–1979, 1982–1985, 1989–1993 (21 seasons)
- Olean: 1939–1959, 1961–1966 (27 seasons)
- Oneonta: 1966–2009 (44 seasons)
- Queens: 2000 (1 season)
- Staten Island: 1999–2020 (22 seasons)
- Troy: 2002–2020 (18 seasons)
- Utica: 1977–2001 (25 seasons)
- Watertown: 1983–1998 (16 seasons)
- Wellsville: 1942–1961, 1963–1965 (23 seasons)
- Youngstown: 1999–2020 (22 seasons)
- Bradford: 1939–1942, 1944–1957 (18 seasons)
- Erie: 1954–1963, 1967, 1981–1993, 1995–1998 (28 seasons)
- State College: 2006–2020 (15 seasons)
- Williamsport: 1968–1972, 1994–2020 (32 seasons)
- York: 1923–1933, 1936 (moved to Trenton July 2) (12 seasons)
- Burlington: 1994–2020 (27 seasons)
- Morgantown: 2015–2020 (6 seasons)
- Hamilton: 1939–1942, 1946–1956, 1988–1992 (20 seasons)
- London: 1940–1942 (2 seasons)
- St. Catharines: 1986–1999 (14 seasons)
- Welland: 1989–1994 (5 seasons)
Hall of Fame
The New York–Penn League Hall of Fame was established in 2012 to honor league players, managers, and executives for their accomplishments or contributions to the league in playing or administrative roles. The Hall of Fame inducted its first class of seven men in 2012. New members were elected before the start of each season.
- "A Message From Pat O'Conner". Minor League Baseball. March 13, 2020. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- "2020 Minor League Baseball Season Shelved". Minor League Baseball. June 30, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Madden, Bill (November 16, 2019). "Rob Manfred's plan to destroy minor league baseball". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
- Singelais, Mark (2021-01-07). "Tri-City ValleyCats join Frontier League for 2021 season". Times Union. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
- Viquez, Marc (2021-01-12). "Baseball is Back in Batavia". Stadium Journey. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
- "Auburn finalizing agreement to join Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League".
- Reichard, Kevin (2021-02-25). "Vermont Lake Monsters sold, will join Futures League". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved 2021-02-25.
- "Sea Unicorns join Futures League". The Bulletin. Norwich, Connecticut. April 27, 2021.
- Reichard, Kevin (2020-12-03). "Staten Island Yankees fold, will sue MLB". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved 2020-12-17.
- Lacques, Gabe (December 10, 2020). "Major League Baseball issues invites for minor-league affiliates; here are teams that didn't make cut". USA Today. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- "Staten Island Yankees fold, sue MLB, NY Yankees". New York Post.
- "Pro baseball at home of Lowell Spinners unlikely this season, mayor says". The Boston Globe.
- "New York–Penn League Champsion". New York–Penn League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- "New York–Penn League Hall of Fame". New York–Penn League. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
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